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The Truth About Human Origins   The Truth About Human Origins
An Investigation of the Creation/Evolution Controversy as it relates to the Origin of Mankind
By: Brad Harrub, Ph. D. and Bert Thompson, Ph. D.
$21.95
ISBN # 0932859585

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication
Forewordvii
Introduction1
Chapter 1The "Record of the Rocks" [Part I]3
Biological Taxonomy and Human Evolution4
Did Man Evolve from the Apes?10
An Examination of the "Record of the Rocks"12
Aegyptopithecus zeuxis18
Dryopithecus africanus18
Ramapithecus brevirostris20
Orrorin tugenensis26
Australopithecus (Ardipithecus) ramidus27
Australopithecus anamensis28
Ardipithecus ramidus kadabba29
Kenyanthropus platyops33
Chapter 2The "Record of the Rocks" [Part II]41
Australopithecus afarensis41
Lucy's Rib Cage46
Lucy's Pelvis and Gender47
Lucy's Appendages-Made for Bi-
pedalism, or Swinging from Trees?
50
Australopithecine Teeth:53
More Evidence that
Lucy was Arboreal
54
Australopithecine Ears:
Human-like or Ape-like?
55
Lucy: Hominid or Chimp?
Australopithecus africanus/
Australopithecus boisei
57
The Laetoli Footprints65
Homo habilis/Homo rudolfensis68
Homo erectus/Homo ergaster75
Homo sapiens idaitu80
What Does the "Record of
the Rocks" Really Show?
83
The Parade of Fossil Errors85
Neanderthal Man86
Nebraska Man88
Piltdown Man89
Java Man90
Rhodesian Man91
Conclusion92
Chapter 3Molecular Evidence of Human Origins99
Chromosomal Counts103
Real Genomic differences105
"Mitochondrial Eve"111
The Demise of Mitochondrial Eve116
The Molecular Clock
-Dating Mitochondrial Ancestors
121
Serious Errors in Mitochondrial
DNA Data in the Scientific Literature
126
Neanderthal vs. Human DNA-
Is It a Match?
128
Chapter 4The Problem of Gender
and Sexual Reproduction
135
"Intellectual Mischief and Confusion"-
Or Intelligent Design?
138
From Asexual to Sexual Reproduction-
The Origin of Sex
142
The Lottery Principle143
The Tangled Bank Hypothesis145
The Red Queen Hypothesis147
The DNA Repair Hypothesis148
Why Sex?151
The 50% Disadvantage159
Mars and Venus, or X and Y?163
Differences Among Various Species164
Differences in Animal and Human Sexuality167
The Complexity of the Human
Reproductive System
170
Anatomical Differences
Between Human Males and Females
173
Cellular Differences Between
Human Males and Females
175
The Future of Human Reproduction178
Chapter 5The Problem of Language183
Evolutionary Theories
on the Origin of Speech
184
Adam-The First Human
to Talk and Communicate
186
Tower of Babel-and
The Universal Language
188
The Brain's Language
Centers-Created by God
189
Anatomy of Speech192
Birds of a Feather-Or Naked Ape?194
Complexity of Language-Uniquely Human202
Conclusion205
Chapter 6The Problem of the Brain209
Introduction209
History of the Brain212
The Evolution of the Brain215
Growing Neurons237
The Brain Versus a Computer241
Twelve Cranial Nerves242
Conclusion244
Chapter 7The Evolution
of Consciousness [Part I]
247
The Origin of Life248
The Origin of the Genetic Code251
The Origin of Sex252
The Origin of Language and Speech253
The Origin of Consciousness-
"The Greatest of Miracles"
253
Importance of Human Consciousness253
"Mystery" of Human Consciousness256
Consciousness in General257
Consciousness and the Brain259
Consciousness and the Mind260
Consciousness Defined262
Why-and How-Did Consciousness Arise?271
Why Did Consciousness Arise?272
Why Do We Need Consciousness?276
How Did Consciousness Arise?286
Evolutionary Bias and the
Origin of Human Consciousness
296
What Does All of This have to do with
the Origin of Human Consciousness?
301
Radical Materialism-A "Fishy" Theory306
Do Animals Possess Consciousness?313
The Brain, the Mind, and
Human Consciousness
328
Materialism, Supernaturalism,
and the Brain/Mind Connection
330
The Concept of Mind333
Chapter 8The Evolution
of Consciousness [Part II]
347
Theories of the Origin
of Human Consciousness
347
The "Hard Problem" of Human Consciousness350
"Failure is not an Option"352
Theories of Human Consciousness353
Dualism354
Monism361
Psychical Monism363
Radical Materialism (Functionalism)364
Panpsychism373
Epiphenomenalism375
Identity Theory382
Nonreductive Materialism/
Emergent Materialism
387
Dualist Interactionism393
Conclusion419
Chapter 9The Problem of Skin Color and Blood Types429
What is a "Race"?435
Why So Many Racial Characteristics?439
The Origin of Man's "Colors"443
Other Factors448
Differences Between Human
and Animal Blood Types
453
Components of Human Blood454
Different Blood Types457
The Adam and Eve Issue458
Humans, Animals, and Blood459
What about Blood Types of Other Animals?459
What about Hibernation?460
What about Birds?461
What about Fish?461
Conclusion461
Chapter 10Conclusion463
References467
Subject Index507
Name Index513


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