American Indian Statistics by Social and Economic Factors


1990 | 2000

AIEA (American Indians, Eskimos, Aluets)
1990 Census of Population (1993 Figures)
Percentage of non-English Language Use of AIEA's
Persons 5 & older

                                     NOT speak English    
    Census Area                     at home    "very well" 
All Indians                           23.8%         --     
Reservations & Trust Lands            52.0%        23.3%   
 1. Navajo (AZ,NM,UT)                 85.0%        42.6%   
 2. Pine Ridge (SD)                   35.3%         7.7%   
 3. Fort Apache (AZ)                  80.4%        41.9%   
 4. Gila River (AZ)                   41.9%        16.2%   
 5. Papago (AZ)                       72.2%        39.7%   
 6. Rosebud (SD)                      29.3%         8.3%   
 7. Zuni (NM)                         94.5%        53.2%   
 8. San Carlos (AZ)                   56.4%        32.3%   
 9. Blackfeet (MT)                     9.8%         1.2%   
10. Hopi (AZ)                         70.2%        35.9%   
TJSA's in Oklahoma                     9.7%         3.2%   
TDSA's                                11.0%         4.2%   
Alaska Native Village SA's            52.2%        20.9%   
ANRC's in Alaska                      31.4%        12.3%   
                                                           
Total U.S.                            13.8%         6.1%   
Blacks in U.S.                         6.3%         --     
Whites in U.S.                         5.7%         --     


1990 | 2000

AIEA (American Indians, Eskimos, Aluets)
1990 Census of Population (1993 Figures)
Percentage of Educational Level of AIEA's
Persons 25 & older

    Census Area             High School Diploma   Bachelor's Degree  
All Indians                         65.5%                 9.3%       
Reservations & Trust Lands          53.8%                 3.9%       
 1. Navajo (AZ,NM,UT)               41.1%                 3.0%       
 2. Pine Ridge (SD)                 55.2%                 6.5%       
 3. Fort Apache (AZ)                48.3%                 1.3%       
 4. Gila River (AZ)                 37.3%                 1.3%       
 5. Papago (AZ)                     47.3%                  .4%       
 6. Rosebud (SD)                    59.3%                 5.1%       
 7. Zuni (NM)                       55.4%                 3.6%       
 8. San Carlos (AZ)                 49.4%                 2.0%       
 9. Blackfeet (MT)                  66.3%                 6.6%       
10. Hopi (AZ)                       62.6%                 3.3%       
TJSA's in Oklahoma                  66.5%                 9.9%       
TDSA's                              48.7%                 7.3%       
Alaska Native Village SA's          55.2%                 2.8%       
ANRC's in Alaska                 52.2%-74.6%           1.9%-6.5%     
                                                                     
Total U.S.                          75.2%                20.3%       
Blacks in U.S.                      63.1%                11.4%       
Whites in U.S.                      79.1%                22.0%       


1990 | 2000

AIEA (American Indians, Eskimos, Aluets)
1990 Census of Population (1993 Figures)
Percentages of Unemployment and Poverty of AIEA's

    Census Area                  Unemployed  In Poverty* 
All Indians                         14.4%        27.0%   
Reservations & Trust Lands          25.6%        47.3%   
 1. Navajo (AZ,NM,UT)               29.5%        55.4%   
 2. Pine Ridge (SD)                 32.7%        60.5%   
 3. Fort Apache (AZ)                35.3%        49.9%   
 4. Gila River (AZ)                 30.6%        62.8%   
 5. Papago (AZ)                     23.4%        62.8%   
 6. Rosebud (SD)                    29.5%        57.6%   
 7. Zuni (NM)                       13.8%        47.4%   
 8. San Carlos (AZ)                 31.0%        59.8%   
 9. Blackfeet (MT)                  31.1%        45.7%   
10. Hopi (AZ)                       26.8%        47.7%   
TJSA's in Oklahoma                  12.4%        25.4%   
TDSA's                              11.0%        26.7%   
Alaska Native Village SA's          24.5%        25.0%   
ANRC's in Alaska                    54.4%        24.8%   
                                                         
Total U.S.                           6.3%        10.0%   
Blacks in U.S.                      12.9%        26.3%   
Whites in U.S.                       5.0%         7.0%   
* Below the 1989 Poverty Line


1990 | 2000

AIEA (American Indians, Eskimos, Aluets)
1990 Census of Population (1993 Figures)
Housing and Welfare on the 10 Largest Reservations

    Reservation       States    Lacking Plumbing  On Welfare  
All Reservations                       --            31.6%    
 1. Navajo           AZ,NM,UT         49.1%          33.7%    
 2. Pine Ridge          SD            20.9%          45.3%    
 3. Fort Apache         AZ            14.5%          30.0%    
 4. Gila River          AZ            18.0%          33.1%    
 5. Papago              AZ            32.0%          48.8%    
 6. Rosebud             SD             7.2%          46.8%    
 7. Zuni                NM             6.2%          23.2%    
 8. San Carlos          AZ            21.6%          36.6%    
 9. Blackfeet           MT             1.8%          29.4%    
10. Hopi                AZ            46.7%          24.8%    


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