Cultural Anthropology
Grunlan and Mayers
Chapter 6

  1. What three processes of goods and services make up the economic institution of a society?

  2. What are five kinds of basic subsistence technologies?

  3. What is the basic difference between the technology involved in hunting and gathering and that involved in ranching and farming?

  4. What is the basic difference between horticulture and agriculture?

  5. What technology is needed before a society can transition to industrialism?

  6. What are five factors which are needed for the development of industrialism?

  7. What are three additional factors which allow basic industrialism to grow?

  8. What other means of exchange of goods and services other than buying, selling, or bartering is found in cultures?

  9. What are seven traits of peasant economies?

  10. What is the central location for the exchange of goods in a peasant economy?

  11. What are four classes that have claim on produce in Huichol society? What happens to the unclaimed surplus?

  12. What kind of trade pattern was evident among the Yir Yiront of Australia? What was traded?

  13. What kind of trade pattern was evident among the Trobrianders of the South Pacific? What was traded?

  14. What was a major kind of exchange of goods among the Kwakiutl Indians of Canada? What happened during this exchange?

  15. What kind of exchange is present when a society is large enough to have more than one marketplace?

  16. How do Grunlan and Mayers define artifacts?

  17. What is the relationship between technique and skill?

  18. What are six social concerns among various societies that influence economic life?

  19. What are seven areas that must be considered in analyzing the economic structure of the Mayan Indians?

  20. What questions of an economic nature must be asked when one begins to plant a church in a new culture?

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