The Tapestry of Culture
Rosman and Rubel
Chapter 1 Study Guide

  1. What do Rosman and Rubel call the belief that one's own culture represents the best way to do things?

  2. What is the name for the idea that each culture is unique and distinctive but none are superior?

  3. What is the ethical problem with cultural relativism?

  4. What two things does the comparative approach to anthropology reveal?

  5. What does a holistic approach to anthropology focus on and stress?

  6. At what four levels do Rosman and Rubel say that culture exists?

  7. What nature of culture do Rosman and Rubel hope to show by using the imagery of a tapestry?

  8. What happens to all cultures over time? What does this produce?

  9. Through what process do children learn and acquire culture?

  10. What do Rosman and Rubel say that human behavior is primarily governed by?

  11. By what term are the similarities shared by all cultured called?

  12. List ten non-linguistic items that all cultures do or have.

  13. By what term are members of a society called who help anthropologists to understand and explain their culture?

  14. Define social structure, organization, status, and role.

  15. What was the dominate theory of culture in the nineteenth century?

  16. What in this theory were those with "arrested development" called?

  17. Who began the concept of cultural relativism?

  18. Who is often cited as one of the founders of modern anthropological fieldwork?

  19. What anthropologist began "structuralism"? What country was he from?

  20. What criticisms have post-modernists made of anthropology?

  21. What are three problems with an anthropologist studying his or her own culture?

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