The Tapestry of Culture
Rosman and Rubel
Chapter 3 Study Guide

  1. What part of culture is central to culture?

  2. What is a difference between animals and humans?

  3. What are two characteristics of language?

  4. Who pointed out that the units that carry meaning are two- sided?

  5. What are the basic sound units of a language called?

  6. What term refers to two sounds that are variations of one phoneme in different phonetic environments?

  7. What is the term that refers to the smallest unit of language that carries meaning?

  8. What term refers to morphemes that can stand independently? What term refers to morphemes that are always attached to other morphemes?

  9. What term refers to morphemes that have different forms but the same meaning?

  10. What term refers to the rules by which larger grammatical units, such as phrases and sentences, are formed?

  11. What is a complete description of a language called?

  12. To what language family do most of the languages of modern Europe belong?

  13. What does Noam Chomsky claim that the shared characteristics found in all languages are due to?

  14. What characteristic does language share with other facets of culture that one may not be aware of?

  15. What stage do two societies that speak the same language go through before they develop two separate languages?

  16. What is the mother language that several languages come from referred to as?

  17. What is a language that is completely unrelated to any other known language called?

  18. What methodology is used to systematically study two languages thought to be related?

  19. What term refers to language change due to the borrowing of one language from another?

  20. What are two terms that refer to languages created social conditions such as trade?

  21. What is the most important characteristic of pidgins?

  22. What is a pidgin called when it becomes the native language for a young generation?

  23. What two men argued that language was a guide to social reality? Which one took the more extreme position?

  24. What term refers to the anthropological investigation of how cultures organize and classify the world?

  25. By how many features can all kinship terminologies be analyzed?

  26. What is the minimum number of colors that a society can distinguish? What are the English equivalents of these terms?

  27. What principle of classification was introduced by Roman Jakobson? What category in Jakobson's system is the most general and inclusive?

  28. What distinction did Saussure make (give both French and English answers)?

  29. How are men's and women's speech different in British society?

  30. How are men's and women's speech different in Japanese society?

  31. Among the Kanuri, what kind of speech shown control and exercise of power?

  32. What American sociolinguist has taken the lead in studying African-American Vernacular English?

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