*Often translated into English using modals: may, might, should, would; for 1st person: let us
Mood/Mode Significance Number of Tenses English Example Indicative
Unmarked for Significance
I go to town
If I was to go
Potential or Wish (Rarely Used in NT)
No optative in English
If I were to go*
Go to town**
**Third person imperative often translated "Let him/her ..." The sense is "must," not "allow"
Number of Tenses
Actor as Subject Patient as Subject Normal Active
Ex.: "John baptized"
Ex.: "John was baptized"
Ex.: "John baptized himself"
Ex.: "John had himself baptized"