NEW ANALYTICAL VERSION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT (pp. 1-8)

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
(Lk. 3:23-38)

11The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

2Abraham was the father of1 Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, 3and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,2 4and Ram2 the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, 5and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, 6and Jesse the father of David the king.

And David was the father of Solomon by the [former wife] of Uriah, 7and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa,3 8and Asa3 the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos,4 and Amos4 the father of Josiah, 11and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at [the time of] the deportation to Babylon.

12And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel,5 and Shealtiel5 the father of Zerubbabel, 13and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, 14and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, 15and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born,6 who is called Christ.

17So all the generations from Abraham to David [were] fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations.

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1Lit., begat, and so in the whole chapter
2Greek Aram 3Greek Asaph
4Other authorities read Amon 5Greek Salatheil
6A few authorities read Joseph, to whom being engaged the virgin Mary bore Jesus; one authority reads Joseph; Joseph, to whom the virgin Mary was engaged, was the father of Jesus

The Birth of Jesus Christ
(Lk. 2:1-7)

18Now the birth of Jesus Christ7 was like this. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be pregnant from the Holy Spirit. 19Now her husband Joseph, being a just [man] and [yet] not wishing to expose her to public disgrace, resolved to divorce her secretly. 20But as he considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is fathered in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21And she will give birth to a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins." 22Now all this has happened to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,

23"Behold, a virgin shall be pregnant and give birth to a son,

and they shall call his name Emmanuel"8

(which means when translated, God with us). 24And when Joseph woke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took his wife. 25And [yet] he did not start knowing her [sexually] until she had given birth to a son; and he called his name Jesus.

The Visit of the Magi

21Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, magi1 from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, 2"Where is the One who has been born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the East, and have come to worship him." 3Now when Herod the king heard [this], he was troubled, and [so was] all Jerusalem with him. 4And when he had assembled all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he started inquiring from them where the Christ was to be born. 5And they said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea; for so it is written through the prophet:

6'And you, O Bethlehem, [in the] land of Judah,

are by no means least among the leaders of Judah;

for out of you shall come a leader

who will shepherd my people Israel.'"2

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7Other ancient authorities read of the Christ
8Is. 7:14
1Members of a group which practiced astrology and dream interpretation.
2Mic. 5:2; II Sam. 5:2

Matthew 2

7Then Herod called for the magi1 secretly and ascertained from them what time the star appeared. 8And when he sent them to Bethlehem, he said, "Go and search carefully for the child, and when you have found [him] tell me, that I may come and worship him also." 9Now when they had heard the king they went [their way]; and behold, the star which they had seen in the East started going before them, until it came and stood over [the place] where the child was. 10And when they saw the star, they rejoiced extremely with great joy. 11And going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. And when they had opened their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh. 12And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way.

The Escape into Egypt

13Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared* to Joseph in a dream and said, "Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is about to start seeking the child, to destroy him." 14And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt, 15and remained there until the death of Herod. [This was] to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, "Out of Egypt I have called my son."3

The Killing of the Infants

16Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the magi,1 became very angry, and he sent and killed all the boys in Bethlehem and in all its region from two years old or under, according to the time which he had ascertained from the magi.1 17Then was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah, saying:

18"A voice was heard in Ramah,
weeping and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children;
she was not willing to be comforted,
because they were no more."4
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1Members of a group which practiced astrology and dream interpretation.
3Hos. 11:1
4Jer. 31:15

Matthew 2

The Return from Egypt

19But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20saying, "Rise, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who were seeking the child's life have died." 21And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he departed to the district of Galilee. 23And he went and dwelt in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled, that he would be called a Nazorean.5

The Preaching of John the Baptist
(Mk. 1:1-8; Lk. 3:1-18; Jn. 1:19-28)

31Now in those days John the Baptist came*, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, 2saying, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near." 3For this is the one who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah, saying,

"The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
'Prepare the way of the Lord;
make his paths straight.'"1

4Now John himself had on a garment of camel's hair, and a leather belt around his waist, and his food was grasshoppers and wild honey. 5Then [people from] Jerusalem and all Judea and all the region around the Jordan were going out to him, 6and they were being baptized2 by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.

7But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism,3 he said to them, "[You] brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the future wrath? 8Therefore produce fruit worthy of repentance, 9and do not presume to be saying to yourselves, 'We have Abraham [as our] father'; for I say to you that God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham. 10And already the axe is being laid to the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not produce good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.

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5Perhaps Is. 11:1
1Is. 40:3
2Greek baptizō means immerse
3Greek baptisma means immersion

Matthew 3

11"Indeed I am baptizing2 you in water for repentance, but the One who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not fit to carry; he will baptize2 you in the Holy Spirit and fire. 12His winnowing fork [is] in his hand, and he will clean out his threshing floor and gather his wheat into the barn, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire."

The Baptism of Jesus
(Mk. 1:9-11; Lk. 3:21-22; Jn. 1:29-34)

13Then Jesus came* from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized2 by him. 14John tried preventing him, saying, "I need to be baptized2 by you, and do you come to me?" 15But Jesus answered by saying to him, "Let [it be so] now, for it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness like this." Then he let* him [be baptized]. 16Now when Jesus had been baptized,2 he went up immediately from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him4 and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and coming on him; 17and behold, a voice [spoke] from heaven, saying, "This is my beloved Son,5 with whom I am well pleased."

The Temptation of Jesus
(Mk. 1:12-13; Lk. 4:1-13)

41Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards he was hungry. 3And the tempter came and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become loaves of bread." 4But he answered by saying, "It is written,

'Man shall not live on bread alone,
but on every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.'"1
5Then the devil took* him to the holy city, and set him on the pinnacle of the temple, 6and said* to him, "If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written,
'He will give his angels a command about you . . .,'

and

'On [their] hands they will lift you up,
lest you strike your foot against a stone.'"2
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2Greek baptizō means immerse
4Other ancient authorities omit to him
5Or, my Son, the Beloved
1Deut. 8:3 2Ps. 91:11-12

Matthew 4

7Jesus said to him, "Again it is written, 'You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'"3 8Again, the devil took* him to a very high mountain, and showed* him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. 9And he said to him, "All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me." 10Then Jesus said* to him, "Go away, Satan! For it is written,
'You shall worship the Lord your God
and him only shall you serve.'"4
11Then the devil left* him, and behold, angels came and started ministering to him.

The Beginning of the Galilean Ministry
(Mk. 1:14-15; Lk. 4:14-15; Jn. 4:1-3)

12Now when he heard that John had been delivered up [to prison], he departed to Galilee; 13and leaving Nazareth he went and dwelt in Capernaum by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14so that what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, saying:

15"The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
toward the sea, on the other side of the Jordan,
Galilee of the Gentiles5--
16the people who sat in darkness have seen a great light,
and for those who sat in the country and shadow of death
light has risen on them."6
17From then on Jesus began preaching and saying, "Repent, for7 the kingdom of heaven has come near."

The Calling of Four Fishermen
(Mk. 1:16-20; Lk. 5:1-11)

18As he walked by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. 19And he said* to them, "Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." 20Now immediately they left [their] nets and followed him. 21And going on from there he saw two other brothers, James the [son] of Zebedee and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them. 22Now immediately they left the boat and their father, and followed him.

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3Deut. 6:16 4Deut. 6:13
5Lit., nations; and so elsewhere 6Is. 9:1-2
7A few authorities omit Repent, for

Matthew 4

Preaching and Healing
(Mk. 1:39; Lk. 4:44; 6:17)

23And he8 was going about in all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel9 of the kingdom and curing every kind of disease and every kind of ailment among the people. 24And his fame spread into all Syria, and they brought him all who were ill, those suffering from various diseases and pains, the demon-possessed and epileptics and paralytics, and he cured them. 25And large crowds followed him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and the other side of the Jordan.

Sermon on the Mount
Matthew 5-7

51And seeing the crowds, he went up onto the mountain, and when he sat down his disciples came to him. 2And he opened his mouth and started teaching them, saying:

The Beatitudes
(Lk. 6:20-23)

3"Blessed [are] the poor in spirit, because theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4"Blessed [are] those who mourn, because they shall be comforted.

5"Blessed [are] the meek, because they shall inherit the earth.1

6"Blessed [are] those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, because they shall be satisfied.

7"Blessed [are] the merciful, because they shall obtain mercy.

8"Blessed [are] the pure in heart, because they shall see God.

9"Blessed [are] the peacemakers, because they shall be called sons of God.

10"Blessed [are] those who have been persecuted for righteousness' sake, because theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11"Blessed are you whenever [people] reproach you and persecute [you] and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for my sake. 12Start rejoicing and being overjoyed, because your reward [is] great in heaven, for [people] persecuted the prophets who were before you like this.

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8Other ancient authorities read Jesus with varying sentence structure.
9Or, good news; and so elsewhere
1Other ancient authorities invert the order of verses 4 and 5.

Matthew 5

Salt and Light
(Mk. 9:50; Lk.11:33; 14:34-35)

13"You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt should lose its taste, with what will it be made salty [again]? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown outside and trodden underfoot by men.

14"You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid. 15Nor do [people] light a lamp and put it under a peck-measure, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all those in the house. 16Your light must shine before men like this, that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven.

The Law
(Lk. 16:16-17)

17"Do not think that I have come to destroy the law or the prophets; I have come not to destroy [them] but to fulfill [them]. 18For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth should pass away, not one iota nor one stroke2 will pass from the law until all has taken place. 19Whoever then relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does [them] and teaches [them] shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20For I say to you, unless your righteousness exceeds [that] of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

Murder and Anger
(Lk. 12:57-59)

21"You have heard that it was said to the [people] of old, 'You shall not murder;3 and whoever murders shall be liable to judgment.' 22But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother4 shall be liable to judgment; and whoever says 'Nit-wit!'5 to his brother shall be liable to the council,6 and whoever says, 'Fool!' shall be liable to the hell7 of fire. 23Therefore if you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave your gift there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25Make

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2I.e., serif 3Ex. 20:13; Deut. 5:17
4Other ancient authorities read angry with his brother without cause
5Greek Raca (an obscure term of abuse)
6Greek sanhedrin 7Greek Gehenna

Matthew 5

friends quickly with your opponent, while you are on the way with him [to court], lest your opponent should deliver you up to the judge, and the judge8 to the officer, and you be thrown into jail; 26truly, I say to you, you shall not come out of there until you have paid back the last penny.9

Adultery
(Mt. 18:8-9; Mk. 9:43-48)

27"You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.'10 28But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman in order to desire her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29Now if your right eye is ensnaring you [in sin], pluck it out and throw [it] from you; for it is [more] expedient for you to lose one of your members and not [have] your whole body be thrown into hell.7 30And if your right hand is ensnaring you [in sin], cut it off and throw [it] from you; for it is [more] expedient for you to lose one of your members and not [have] your whole body go into hell.7

Divorce
(Mt. 19:9; Mk. 10:11-12; Lk. 16:18)

31"Now it was said, 'Whoever divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.'11 32But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, unless it is a matter of fornication, makes her commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Oaths

33"Again you have heard that it was said to the [people] of old, 'You shall not swear falsely, but shall keep your oaths [made] to the Lord.'12 34But I say to you, Do not swear at all, either by heaven, because it is the throne of God, 35or by the earth, because it is the footstool for his feet, or by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King. 36And do not swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. 37But what you say must be13 'Yes,' 'Yes' [or] 'No,' 'No'; anything more than these is from the evil one.14

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7Greek Gehenna
8Other ancient authorities insert should deliver you up
9Greek kodrantes, equalling 1/64 denarius
10Ex. 20:14; Deut. 5:18 11Deut. 24:1-4
12Lev. 19:12; Num. 30:2; Deut. 23:21
13Other ancient authorities read shall be 14Or, evil

Matthew 5

Retaliation
(Lk. 6:29-30)

38"You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.'15 39But I say to you, Do not resist one who is evil. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also; 40and [if anyone] wishes to sue you and take your tunic, let him [have your] cloak also; 41and whoever forces you [to go] one mile, go with him two [miles]. 42Give to the one who asks of you, and do not turn away from the one who wishes to borrow from you.

Love for Enemies
(Lk. 6:27-28, 32-36)

43"You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.'16 44But I say to you, Start loving your enemies17 and praying for18 those who persecute you, 45so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; because he makes his sun rise on the evil and [on] the good, and sends rain on the just and [on] the unjust. 46For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47And if you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing [than others]? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48You, therefore, shall be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Charity

61"Take care not to be practicing your righteousness before men in order to be seen by them; otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.

2"Therefore, whenever you do an act of charity, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by men. Truly, I say to you, they have their reward. 3But when you do an act of charity your left [hand] must not know what your right [hand] is doing, 4so that your act of charity may be in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.1

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15Ex. 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
16Lev. 19:18
17Other ancient authorities insert keep blessing those who curse you, keep doing good to those who hate you
18Other ancient authorities insert those who abuse you and
1Other ancient authorites insert in the open

Matthew 6

Prayer
(Lk. 11:2-4)

5"And whenever you are praying, you shall not be like the hypocrites; because they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by men. Truly, I say to you, they have their reward. 6But whenever you pray, go into your inner room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.1

7"And when you are praying, do not speak repetitiously like the Gentiles [do]; for they think they will be heard for their many words. 8Therefore, do not be like them, for your Father2 knows what you need before you ask him. 9Pray then like this:

Our Father in heaven,
may your name be kept holy.
10May your kingdom come.
May your will be done,

on earth as [it is] in heaven.

11Give us today our daily bread.3
12And forgive us our debts,

as we also have forgiven our debtors.

13And do not lead us into temptation,

but rescue us from the evil one.4

14For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father also will forgive you; 15but if you do not forgive men, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

Fasting

16"And whenever you fast, do not have a sad look, like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by men. Truly, I say to you, they have their reward. 17But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, 18that your fasting may not be seen by men but by your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.1

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1Other authorities, some ancient in verse 6, insert in the open
2Other ancient authorities read God your Father
3Or, our bread for tomorrow
4Or, evil. Other ancient authorities add, with variations, because yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.

Matthew 6

Wealth
(Lk. 11:34-36; 12:33-34; 16:13)

19"Do not be laying up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust5 consume and where thieves break in and steal, 20but be laying up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust5 consumes and where thieves do not break in nor steal. 21For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

22"The eye is the lamp of the body. Therefore, if your eye is generous,6 your whole body will be full of light; 23but if your eye is grudging,7 your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light in you is darkness, how great [is] the darkness!

24"No one can be serving two masters;8 for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot be serving God and wealth.9

Worry
(Lk. 12:22-32)

25"Therefore I say to you, do not be worrying [about] your life,10 what you shall eat or what you shall drink, nor [about] your body, what you shall put on. Is not life10 more [than] food, and the body [more than] clothing? 26Look at the birds of the sky: [you see] that they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and [yet] your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? 27And which of you by worrying can add one minute11 to his life-span?12 28And why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they neither labor nor spin;13 29yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory clothed [himself] like one of these. 30But if God dresses the grass of the field like this, which today is [alive] and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, [will he] not much more [clothe] you, [O you] of little faith? 31Therefore do not worry, saying, 'What shall we eat?' or 'What shall we drink?' or 'What shall we wear?' 32For the pagans are seeking for all these things; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these. 33But keep seeking first the

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5Or, worm 6Lit., single
7Lit., wicked 8Lit., lords
9Aramaic mammon 10Or, soul
11Lit., cubit 12Or, cubit to his stature
13One ancient authority reads neither card nor spin nor labor

Matthew 6

kingdom of God14 and his righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. 34Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry for itself. [Each day's] own evil [is] enough for the day.

Judging
(Mk. 4:24; Lk. 6:37-38, 41-42)

71"Do not be judging, lest you should be judged. 2For with the judgment with which you judge you will be judged, and the measure with which you measure out will be used to measure out to you. 3And why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the beam [of wood] that is in your [own] eye? 4Or how can you say to your brother, 'Let me take the speck out of your eye,' and behold, [there is] the beam in your [own] eye? 5[You] hypocrite, first take the beam out of your [own] eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye.

6"Do not give what is holy to the dogs; and do not throw your pearls before the pigs, lest they trample them under their feet and [the dogs] turn and tear you to pieces.

Asking, Seeking, Knocking
(Lk. 11:9-13)

7"Keep asking, and it will be given to you; keep seeking, and you will find; keep knocking, and it will be opened to you. 8For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened. 9Or there is not any man among you who, [if] his son asks for bread, will give him a stone, [is there]? 10Or indeed [if] he asks for a fish, no one will give him a snake, [will he]? 11If you then, who are evil, know [how] to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!

The Golden Rule
(Lk. 6:31)

12"Therefore, what all you wish that men would do for you, so also do for them; for this is the law and the prophets.

The Narrow and Wide Gates
(Lk. 13:24)

13"Enter through the narrow gate; because the gate [is] wide and the way [is] broad,1 that leads to destruction, and those who enter through it are

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14Other ancient authorities omit of God
1Other ancient authorities read because the way [is] wide and broad

Matthew 7

many. 14How narrow the gate [is], and confined the way,2 that leads to life, and those who find it are few!

False Prophets
(Lk. 6:43-44)

15"Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly are swindling wolves. 16You will know them by their fruits. [People] do not collect grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles, [do they]? 17So, every sound tree produces good fruit, but the rotten tree produces bad fruit. 18A sound tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor [can] a rotten tree produce good fruit. 19Every tree that does not produce good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20So you will know them by their fruits.

Entering the Kingdom of Heaven
(Lk. 6:46; 13:25-27)

21"Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22Many will say to me in that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many miracles in your name?' 23And then I will confess to them, 'I never knew you; depart from me, [you] who work lawlessness.'

The Sensible and Foolish Builders
(Lk. 6:47-49)

24"Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a sensible man who built his house on the rock; 25and the rain descended, and the floods3 came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, and it did not fall, for it had been founded on the rock. 26And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand; 27and the rain descended, and the floods3 came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell; and great was the fall of it."

28And it happened [that] when Jesus had finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, 29for he was teaching them like [one] who had authority, and not like their scribes.

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2Other ancient authorities read Because the gate [is] narrow, and the way confined; still other authorities read How narrow and confined the way [is]
3Or, torrents; lit., rivers

Matthew 8

The Cleansing of a Leper
(Mk. 1:40-45; Lk. 5:12-16)

81Now when he came down from the mountain, large crowds followed him; 2and behold, a leper came to [him] and started worshiping1 him, saying, "Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean." 3And he stretched out [his] hand and touched him, saying, "I am willing; be made clean." And immediately his leprosy was made clean. 4And Jesus said* to him, "See that you tell no one; but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony to them."2

The Healing of a Centurion's Servant
(Lk. 7:1-10; Jn. 4:46-54)

5Now as he entered into Capernaum, a centurion came to him, appealing to him 6and saying, "Lord, my servant3 is lying paralyzed at the house, terribly tortured." 7And he said* to him, "I will come and cure him." 8But the centurion answered by saying, "Lord, I am not fit to have you come under my roof; but only say the word, and my servant3 will be healed. 9For I also am a man under authority,4 having soldiers under me; and I say to this one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another, 'Come,' and he comes, and to my slave, 'Do this,' and he does [it]." 10Now when Jesus heard [this], he marveled and said to those who were following [him], "Truly, I say to you, I have found so great a faith with no one in Israel.5 11And I say to you that many will come from east and west and sit [at the table]6 with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, 12but the sons of the kingdom will be thrown out into the outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth there." 13And Jesus said to the centurion, "Go; let it be done for you as you have believed." And the servant3 was healed in that [very] hour.

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1Or, was prostrating himself before
2Lev. 14:2ff.
3Lit., boy
4Other ancient authorities read set under authority
5Other ancient authorities read not even in Israel have I found so great a faith
6Lit., recline; and so elsewhere

Matthew 8

The Healing of Many
(Mk. 1:29-34; Lk. 4:38-41)

14And when Jesus came into Peter's house, he saw his mother-in-law lying [down] and sick with a fever; 15and he touched her hand, and the fever left her, and she rose and started serving him. 16Now with the coming of evening they brought to him many who were demon-possessed; and he cast out the spirits with a word, and cured all who were ill. 17This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah, saying, "He took our sicknesses and bore [our] diseases."7

Hindrances to Discipleship
(Lk. 9:57-62)

18Now when Jesus saw a crowd8 around him, he gave orders to go across to the other side. 19And one scribe came up and said to him, "Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go." 20And Jesus said* to him, "The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky [have] nests; but the Son of man has nowhere to lay [his] head." 21And another of his disciples said to him, "Lord, let me first go and bury my father." 22But Jesus said* to him, "Keep following me, and leave the dead to bury their [own] dead."

The Calming of a Storm
(Mk. 4:35-41; Lk. 8:22-25)

23And when he got into the boat, his disciples followed him. 24And behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, so that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but he was sleeping. 25And they came and woke him, saying, "Lord, save [us]; we are perishing." 26And he said* to them, "Why are you cowardly, [O you] of little faith?" Then he rose and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. 27And the men marveled, saying, "What sort of [man] is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him?"

The Healing of the Gadarene Demoniacs
(Mk. 5:1-20; Lk. 8:26-39)

28And when he came to the other side, to the country of the Gadarenes,9 two demon-possessed [men] met him, coming out of the tombs. [They were] very dangerous, so that no one was strong [enough] to pass through that way. 29And behold, they cried out, saying, "What have we to do with you, [O] Son of God?

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7Is. 53:4
8Other ancient authorities read crowds or a large crowd or large crowds
9Other ancient authorities read Gergesenes; some read Gerasenes

Matthew 8

Have you come here to torment us before the time?" 30Now at some distance from them a herd of many pigs was feeding. 31And the demons started appealing to him, saying, "If you cast us out, send us away into the herd of pigs." 32And he said to them, "Go." And they came out and went into the pigs; and behold, the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea, and perished in the waters. 33But those who fed [them] fled, and going into the city they told everything, and what [had happened] to the demon-possessed [men]. 34And behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus; and when they saw him, they appealed to [him] to move on from their region.

The Healing of a Paralytic
(Mk. 2:1-12; Lk. 5:17-26)

91And getting into a boat he crossed over and came to [his] own city. 2And behold, they were bringing to him a paralytic, lying on a cot; and when Jesus saw their faith he said to the paralytic, "Have courage, [my] child; your sins are forgiven." 3And behold, some of the scribes said within themselves, "This [man] is blaspheming." 4But Jesus, seeing1 their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts? 5For which is easier, to say, 'Your sins are forgiven,' or to say, 'Rise and start walking'? 6But so that you may know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins"-- then he said* to the paralytic--"Rise, take up your cot and go to your house." 7And he rose and went to his house. 8Now when the crowds saw [this], they were afraid, and they glorified God, who had given such authority to men.

The Calling of Matthew
(Mk. 2:13-17; Lk. 5:27-32)

9And as Jesus was passing on from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax office; and he said* to him, "Start following me." And he rose and followed him.

10And it happened that as he was sitting [at the table]2 in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and were sitting down with Jesus and his disciples. 11And when the Pharisees saw [this], they started saying to his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?" 12But when he heard [this], he said, "Those who are well have no need for a doctor, but those who are ill. 13But go and learn what [this] means, 'I want

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1Other ancient authorities read knowing
2Lit., reclining

Matthew 9

mercy and not sacrifice.'3 For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners."

The Question about Fasting
(Mk. 2:18-22; Lk. 5:33-39)

14Then John's disciples came* to him, saying, "Why do we and the Pharisees fast much,4 but your disciples do not fast?" 15And Jesus said to them, "The sons of the bridal chamber5 cannot mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them, [can they]? But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast. 16And no one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak, for the patch pulls away from the cloak and a worse tear is made. 17Neither do [people] put new wine into old wineskins; otherwise, the wineskins burst, and the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are destroyed; but they put new wine into fresh wineskins, and [so] both are preserved."

The Healing of a Hemorrhaging Woman and Raising of a Dead Girl
(Mk. 5:21-43; Lk. 8:40-56)

18While he was speaking these things to them, behold a ruler came and started worshiping6 him, saying, "My daughter has just died; but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live." 19And Jesus rose and started following him, and [so did] his disciples. 20And behold, a woman who had suffered from a hemorrhage for twelve years came up behind [him] and touched the tassel of his cloak. 21For she was saying to herself, "If I only touch his cloak I shall be made well."7 22And Jesus turned, and seeing her he said, "Have courage, daughter, your faith has made you well."7 And the woman was made well7 from that [very] hour. 23And when Jesus came to the ruler's house, and saw the flute players, and the crowd making a commotion, 24he started saying, "Depart; for the lass has not died but is sleeping." And they started laughing at him. 25But when the crowd had been put outside, he went in and took her by the hand, and the lass arose. 26And the news of this went out into all that land.

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3Hos. 6:6
4Other ancient authorities read frequently; others omit both
5I.e., the bridegroom's attendants
6Or, was prostrating himself before
7Lit., saved

Matthew 9

The Healing of Two Blind Men
(Mt. 20:29-34; Mk. 10:46-52; Lk. 18:35-43)

27And as Jesus passed on from there, two blind [men] followed him, crying out and saying, "Have mercy on us, Son of David." 28And when he came into the house, the blind [men] came to him; and Jesus said* to them, "Do you believe that I am able to do this?" They said* to him, "Yes, Lord." 29Then he touched their eyes, saying, "According to your faith let it be done to you." 30And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, saying, "See [that] you let no one know [it]."8 31But they went away and spread the news about him in all that land.

The Healing of a Mute Person
(Mt. 12:22-24; Mk. 3:22; Lk. 11:14-15)

32Now as they were going away, behold, [some people] brought him a mute [person] who was demon-possessed. 33And when the demon had been cast out, the mute [person] spoke; and the crowds marveled, saying, "Never was [anything] like this seen in Israel." 34But the Pharisees were saying, "He casts out demons by the prince of the demons."9

The Work of Jesus
(Mk. 6:6, 34; Lk. 8:1; 10:2)

35And Jesus was going about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and curing every kind of disease and every kind of ailment. 36But when he saw the crowds, he had pity for them, because they had been harassed and put down, like sheep without a shepherd. 37Then he said* to his disciples, "Indeed, the harvest [is] plentiful, but the workers [are] few. 38Therefore implore the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest."

The Sending Out of the Twelve
(Mk. 3:13-19; 6:7-13; Lk. 6:12-16; 9:1-6; 10:3)

101And he called to [him] his twelve disciples and gave them authority [over] unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to cure every kind of disease and every kind of ailment. 2Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James1 the [son] of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew

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8Or, No one must know you are seeing
9A few ancient authorities omit verse 34
1Or, Jacob; and so elsewhere

Matthew 10

the tax collector; James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;2 4Simon the Cananaean,3 and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

5These twelve Jesus sent out, commanding them, saying, "Do not go to the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans, 6but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7And be preaching as you go, saying, 'The kingdom of heaven has come near.' 8Be curing the sick, raising the dead, cleansing lepers, casting out demons. You received free of cost, give free of cost. 9Do not acquire gold, nor silver, nor copper in your belts, 10no bag for [your] journey, nor two tunics, nor shoes, nor a staff, for the worker [is] worthy of his food. 11And into whatever city or village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and stay there [with him] until you depart. 12And as you enter into the house, greet it. 13And if the house is worthy, let your peace come on it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14And whoever does not receive you nor listen to your words, when you depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust [from] your feet. 15Truly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable in the day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that city.

A Warning about Persecutions
(Mk. 13:9-13; Lk. 6:40; 12:11-12; 21:12-19)

16"Behold, I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be sensible as snakes and innocent as doves. 17But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to councils,4 and whip you in their synagogues, 18and you will be led before governors and kings for my sake, to [give] testimony to them and the Gentiles. 19But whenever they deliver you up, do not worry [about] how or what you should say; for what you should say will be given to you in that hour; 20for it is not you who are speaking, but the Spirit of your Father who is speaking in you. 21Now brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father [his] child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death. 22And you will be hated by all because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved. 23Now whenever they persecute you in this city, flee to another; for truly, I say to you, you will not finish [going through] the cities of Israel, until the Son of man comes.

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2Other ancient authorities read Lebbaeus or Lebbaeus called Thaddaeus
3Aramaic for zealot
4Greek sanhedrins

Matthew 10

24"A disciple is not above [his] teacher, nor a slave above his lord; 25it is enough for the disciple to be like his teacher, and the slave like his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul,5 how much more [will they slander] those of his household.

Exhortation to Fearless Confession
(Lk. 12:2-9)

26"Therefore do not fear them; for nothing has been covered that will not be revealed, or secret that will not be known. 27What I say to you in the darkness, say in the light; and what you hear [whispered] in [your] ear, preach on the housetops. 28And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; but rather fear the one who can destroy both soul and body in hell.6 29Are not two sparrows sold for a nickel7? And not one of them will fall on the ground without [the consent of] your Father. 30But even the hairs of your head have all been numbered. 31Therefore, quit being afraid; you are of more value than many sparrows. 32Therefore, everyone who will confess me before men, I will also confess him before my Father who is in heaven; 33but whoever denies me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.

Household Divisions and Conditions of Discipleship
(Lk. 12:51-53; 14:26-27)

34"Do not think that I have come to bring peace on the earth; I have not come to bring peace, but a sword. 35For I have come to set a man against his 'father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; 36and a man's enemies [will be] those of his own household.'8 37The one who loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and the one who loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; 38and he who does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me. 39The one who finds his life will lose it, and the one who loses his life for my sake will find it.

Rewards
(Mk. 9:41)

40"The one who receives you receives me, and the one who receives me receives the One who sent me. 41The one who receives a prophet because he

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5Other ancient authorities read Beezebul; other authorities read Beelzebub
6Greek Gehenna
7Greek assarion, equalling 1/16 denarius 8Mic. 7:6

Matthew 10

is9 a prophet will receive a prophet's reward, and the one who receives a righteous man because he is9 a righteous man will receive a righteous man's reward. 42And whoever gives one of these little ones even a cup of cold [water] to drink because he is9 a disciple, truly, I say to you, he shall not lose his reward."

111And it happened that when Jesus had finished giving orders to his twelve disciples, he moved on from there to be teaching and preaching in their cities.

The Messengers from John the Baptist
(Lk. 7:18-35)

2Now when John heard in prison [about] the works of the Christ, he sent [word] through his disciples 3and said to him, "Are you the Coming One, or should we be looking for [someone] different?" 4And Jesus answered by saying to them, "Go and tell John what you hear and see: 5the blind receive their sight and the crippled walk, lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel proclaimed to them. 6And blessed is [the one] who is not ensnared [in sin] by [rejecting] me."

7Now as they were going away, Jesus began speaking to the crowds about John: "What did you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed shaken by the wind? 8But what did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft [clothes]? Behold, those who wear soft [clothes are] in king's houses. 9But what did you go out to see? A prophet?1 Yes, I say to you, and more than a prophet. 10This is [the one] about whom it is written,

'Behold, I am sending my messenger before your face,
who will prepare your way before you.'2
11Truly, I say to you, among those born of women there has not risen [anyone] greater than John the Baptist; but the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. 12And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has been suffering violence,3 and violent [men] are seizing it. 13For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John; 14and if you are willing to accept [it], he is Elijah who [was] going to come. 15The one who has ears,4 let him hear.
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9Lit., in [the] name of
1Other ancient authorities read But why did you go out? To see a prophet?
2Mal. 3:1 3Or, has been coming violently
4Other ancient authorities read ears to hear

Matthew 11

16"But to what shall I liken this generation? It is like children sitting in the marketplaces and calling to the other [children], saying,

17'We piped to you, and you did not dance;
we lamented, and you did not mourn.'
18For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, 'He has a demon.' 19The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Behold, a man [who is] a glutton and a wine-drinker, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!' And [yet] wisdom is justified by her works.5"

Woes to Unrepentant Cities
(Lk. 10:12-15)

20Then he began reproaching the cities in which most of his miracles had been done, because they did not repent. 21"Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! Because if the miracles done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22However, I say to you, it will be more tolerable in the day of judgment for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 23And you, Capernaum, you will not be exalted to heaven, [will you]? You shall be brought down6 to Hades. Because if the miracles done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. 24However, I say to you that it will be more tolerable in the day of judgment for the land of Sodom than for you."

Thanksgiving and the Call to Rest
(Lk. 10:21-22)

25At that time Jesus continued by saying, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and revealed them to infants; 26yes, Father, because so it was pleasing in your sight. 27All things have been delivered to me by my Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father; neither does anyone know the Father except the Son and [the one] to whom the Son may want to reveal [him]. 28Come to me, all who labor and have been loaded down, and I will give you rest. 29Take my yoke on you, and learn from me; because I am meek and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30For my yoke [is] easy, and my load is light."

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5Other ancient authorities read children, as in Luke 7:35
6Other ancient authorities read be driven down

Matthew 12

Picking Grain on the Sabbath
(Mk. 2:23-28; Lk. 6:1-5)

121At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the sabbath. Now his disciples were hungry, and they began picking heads of grain and eating [them]. 2But when the Pharisees saw [this], they said to him, "Behold, your disciples are doing what is not permissible to be doing on the sabbath." 3But he said to them, "Have you not read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him [were too]: 4how he entered into the house of God and they1 ate the bread of the presentation, which it was not permissible for him nor for those with him to eat, but only for the priests?2 5Or have you not read in the law that on the sabbath the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?3 6But I say to you that [something] greater [than] the temple is here. 7And if you had known what [this] means, 'I want mercy, and not sacrifice,'4 you would not have condemned the guiltless. 8For the Son of man is lord of the sabbath."

The Man with a Withered Hand
(Mk. 3:1-6; Lk. 6:6-11)

9And he moved on from there, and went into their synagogues. 10And behold, [there was] a man who had a withered hand. And they asked him, saying, "Is it permissible to cure on the sabbath?" so that they might accuse him. 11But he said to them, "What man is there among you who, if he has one sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift [it] out? 12Then of how much more value is a man than a sheep! So it is permissible to be doing good on the sabbath." 13Then he said* to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched [it] out, and it was restored [as] healthy as the other [one]. 14But the Pharisees went out and took counsel against him [as to] how they might destroy him.

God's Picked Servant
(Mk. 3:7-12; Lk. 6:17-19)

15Now Jesus, knowing [about this], withdrew from there. And large crowds5 followed him, and he cured them all, 16and warned them that they should not

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1Other ancient authorities read he
2I Sam. 21:1-6; Lev. 24:9
3Num. 28:9-10
4Hos. 6:6
5Or, many crowds; other ancient authorities omit crowds

Matthew 12

make him known. 17This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah, saying:

18"Behold, my servant6 whom I have picked,

my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased.

I will put my Spirit on him,

and he shall proclaim justice to the Gentiles.

19He will not strive nor cry aloud,

nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets;

20he will not break a bruised reed

and he will not quench a smoldering wick,

until he leads justice to victory;

21and in his name will the Gentiles hope."7

The Spirit or Beelzebul?
(Mt. 9:32-34; Mk. 3:22-30; Lk. 11:14-23; 12:10)

22Then one who was demon-possessed, blind, and mute was brought to him, and he cured him, so that the mute [person was] speaking and seeing. 23And all the crowds were astounded and were saying, "This is not the Son of David, [is it]?" 24But when the Pharisees heard [this] they said, "This [man] does not cast out the demons, except by Beelzebul,8 the prince of the demons." 25But knowing their thoughts, he said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is made desolate, and any city or household divided against itself will not stand. 26And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom stand? 27And if I am casting out demons by Beelzebul,8 by whom do your sons cast [them] out? Therefore they shall be your judges. 28But if I am casting out the domons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29Or how can anyone enter into a strong [man's] house to plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong [man]? Then indeed he will plunder his house. 30The one who is not with me is against me, and the one who does not gather with me scatters.

31"Therefore I say to you, every kind of sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy [against] the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32And whoever speaks a word against the Son of man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age nor in the future one.

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6Lit., boy 7Is. 42:1-4
8Other ancient authorities read Beezebul; other authorities read Beelzebub

Matthew 12

A Tree and its Fruits
(Lk. 6:43-45)

33"Either make the tree good, and its fruit good; or make the tree rotten, and its fruit rotten; for the tree is known by [its] fruit. 34[You] brood of vipers! How can you be speaking good things, when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. 35The good man out of [his] good treasure takes out good things, and the evil man out of [his] evil treasure takes out evil things. 36But I say to you, on the day of judgment men will give account for every careless word that they speak; 37for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned."

The Sign of Jonah
(Mt. 16:1-4; Mk. 8: 11-12; Lk. 11:16, 29-32)

38Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, "Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you." 39But he answered by saying to them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign; but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the stomach of the sea-monster, so will the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, [something] greater [than] Jonah [is] here. 42The queen of the South will be raised at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, [something] greater [than] Solomon [is] here.

The Return of the Unclean Spirit
(Lk. 11:24-26)

43"Now whenever the unclean spirit has gone out from a man, he passes through waterless places seeking rest, and he does not find [it]. 44Then he says, 'I will return to my house from where I came.' And when he comes he finds [it] vacant, swept, and decorated. 45Then he goes and brings with him seven other spirits more evil [than] himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last [state] of that man becomes worse [than] the first. It will be like this also with this evil generation."

Jesus' Mother and Brothers
(Mk. 3:31-35; Lk. 8:19-21)

46While he was still speaking to the crowds, behold, [his] mother and his brothers stood outside, seeking to speak to him. 47And someone said to him,


Matthew 12

"Behold, your mother and your brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak to you."9 48But he answered by saying to the one who told him, "Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?" 49And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said, "Behold, [here are] my mother and my brothers! 50For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother, and sister, and mother."

The Parable of the Sower
(Mk. 4:1-9; Lk. 8:4-8)

131On that [same] day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting beside the sea. 2And large crowds gathered to him, so that he got into a boat to sit down. And all the crowd stood on the beach. 3And he spoke many things to them in parables, saying: "Behold, a sower went out to sow. 4And as he was sowing, some [seeds] fell beside the road, and the birds came and devoured them. 5And other seeds fell on rocky [ground], where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of soil, 6but when the sun rose they were scorched; and because they had no root they withered away. 7And other [seeds] fell on thorns, and the thorns came up and choked them. 8And other [seeds] fell on good soil and started yielding fruit, in one case a hundred [times as much], in another sixty, in another thirty. 9The one who has ears,1 let him hear."

The Purpose of Parables
(Mk. 4:10-12; Lk. 8:9-10, 18; 10:23-24; Jn. 12:37-40)

10And the disciples came and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?" 11And he answered by saying to them, "To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12For whoever has, [more] will be given to him, and he will have in abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 13For this [reason] I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they comprehend. 14And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says:

'With hearing you will hear and [yet] not comprehend,

and seeing you will see and [yet] not perceive.

15For this people's heart has become dull,

and [their] ears have become heavy of hearing,

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9Other ancient authorities omit verse 47
1Other ancient authorities read ears to hear

Matthew 13

and their eyes they have closed,

lest they should perceive with [their] eyes,

and hear with [their] ears,

and comprehend with [their] heart,

and turn, and I will heal them.'2

16But blessed [are] your eyes, because they see, and your ears, because they hear. 17For truly, I say to you that many prophets and righteous [men] desired to see the things which you see, and did not see [them], and to hear the things which you hear, and did not hear [them].

The Explanation of the Parable of the Sower
(Mk. 4:13-20; Lk. 8:11-15)

18"Hear then the parable of the sower. 19When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not comprehend [it], the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart; this is what was sown beside the road. 20And [as for] what was sown on rocky [ground], this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; 21yet he has no root in himself, but is temporary, and when tribulation or persecution happens because of the word, immediately he is ensnared [so as to fall away]. 22And [as for] what was sown among the thorns, this is the one who hears the word, and [yet] the worry of [this] age and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it is unfruitful. 23And [as for] what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and comprehends [it]; he indeed bears fruit, and produces in one case a hundred [times as much], in another sixty, and in another thirty."

The Parable of the Weeds

24Another parable he put before them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field; 25but while men were sleeping, his enemy came and was sowing weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26Now when the blade sprouted and produced fruit, then the weeds also appeared. 27And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? Then from where does it have weeds?' 28And he said to them, 'A man who is an enemy has done this.' And the slaves said* to him, 'Then do you want us to go and collect them?' 29But he said*, 'No; lest while collecting the weeds you should root up the wheat together with them. 30Let both keep growing together until the harvest; and at the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, Collect the weeds first and bind them in bundles to

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2Is. 6:9-10

Matthew 13

burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.'"

The Parable of the Mustard Seed
(Mk. 4:30-32; Lk. 13:18-19)

31Another parable he put before them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field; 32indeed it is the smallest of all the seeds, but whenever it grows [up] it is the greatest of the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the sky come and nest in its branches."

The Parable of the Leaven
(Lk. 13:20-21)

33Another parable he spoke to them: "The kingdom of heaven is like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures3 of flour until the whole thing was leavened."

Jesus' Use of Parables
(Mk. 4:33-34)

34All these things Jesus spoke to the crowds in parables; indeed he was speaking nothing to them without a parable. 35This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet,4 saying,

"I will open my mouth in parables,
I will utter things that have been hidden

from the foundation of the world."5

The Explanation of the Parable of the Weeds

36Then he left6 the crowds and went into the house. And his disciples came to him, saying, "Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field." 37He answered by saying, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son of man; 38and the field is the world, and [as for] the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the weeds are the sons of the evil one, 39and the enemy who sowed them is the devil; and the harvest is the completion of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40Therefore, just as the weeds are collected and burned with fire, so will it be at the completion of the age. 41The Son of man will send out his angels, and they will collect out of his kingdom all the snares

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3Lit., seahs. The seah was a Jewish dry measure, containing 1.49 US pecks or 13.13 liters.
4Other ancient authorities read the prophet Isaiah
5Ps. 78:2; other ancient authorities omit of the world
6Or, sent away

Matthew 13

[to sin] and those who practice lawlessness, 42and throw them into the furnace of fire; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth there. 43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. The one who has ears,1 let him hear.

The Parable of the Hidden Treasure

44"The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid [again]; and in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

The Parable of the Pearl of Great Value

45"Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls; 46and, finding one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it.

The Parable of the Drag-net

47"Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a drag-net which was thrown into the sea and gathered fish of every kind; 48when it was full, they pulled it up to the shore and sat down and collected the good into containers but threw away the bad. 49It will be like this at the completion of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from among the righteous, 50and throw them into the furnace of fire; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth there.

Treasures New and Old

51"Have you comprehended all these things?" They said* to him, "Yes." 52And he said to them, "Therefore every scribe who has become a disciple in the kingdom of heaven is like a man [who is] a householder who takes out of his treasure [both] new things and old things."

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
(Mk. 6:1-6; Lk. 4:16-30)

53And it happened [that] when Jesus had finished these parables, he went away from there, 54and coming to his hometown he started teaching them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and were saying, "From where [did] this [man get] this wisdom and [these] miracles? 55Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary and his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Jude? 56And are not all his sisters with us? Where then did this [man get] all this?" 57And they were being ensnared [in sin] by [rejecting] him. But Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor except in [his]

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1Other ancient authorities read ears to hear

Matthew 13

hometown and in his household." 58And he did not do many miracles there, because of their unbelief.

The Death of John the Baptist
(Mk. 6:14-29; Lk. 3:19-20; 9:7-9)

141At that time Herod the tetrarch heard [about] the fame of Jesus; 2and he said to his servants,1 "This is John the Baptist; he has been raised from the dead, and for this [reason] miraculous powers are at work in him." 3For Herod had seized John and bound him and put [him] in jail, because of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife.2 4For John used to say to him, "It is not permissible for you to have her." 5And although he wished to kill him, he feared the crowd, because they held him to be a prophet. 6But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst [of the company], and pleased Herod. 7Therefore he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask. 8And being prompted by her mother, she said*, "Give me [right] here the head of John the Baptist on a platter." 9And the king was sorry; [but] because of his oaths and the guests sitting [at the table] with [him] he commanded [it] to be given [to her]; 10and he sent and had John beheaded in the jail, 11and his head was brought on a platter and given to the lass, and she brought [it] to her mother. 12And his disciples came and took the corpse and buried him;3 and they went and told Jesus.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand
(Mk. 6:30-44; Lk. 9:10-17; Jn. 6:1-14)

13Now when Jesus heard [this], he privately departed from there in a boat to a desolate place. And when the crowds heard [about it], they followed him on foot from the cities. 14And when he got out he saw a large crowd, and he had pity on them and cured their sick. 15Now when it was evening, the disciples came to him, saying, "[This] place is desolate and the hour has already passed. Therefore send the crowds away so that they may go into the villages and buy food for themselves." 16But Jesus said to them, "They need not go away; you give them [something] to eat." 17And they said* to him, "We do not have [anything] here except five loaves and two fish." 18And he said, "Bring them here to me." 19And when he had commanded the crowds to sit down on the grass, he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven,

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1Lit., boys
2Other ancient authorities read his brother's wife
3Other ancient authorities read it; some of them read body instead of corpse

Matthew 14

he blessed and broke and gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples [gave them] to the crowds. 20And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces that were left over. 21Now those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children.

Walking on the Water
(Mk. 6:45-52; Jn. 6:15-21)

22And immediately he made the disciples get into the boat and start going before him to the other side, while he sent away the crowds. 23And after he had sent away the crowds, he went up onto the mountain privately to pray. Now when it was evening, he was there alone. 24But the boat was already many stadia distant from the land,4 harassed by the waves; for the wind was against [them]. 25Now in the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on the sea. 26But when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were terrified, saying, "It is a ghost!" And they cried out from fear. 27But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, "Have courage, it is I; quit being afraid." 28And Peter answered him by saying, "Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the water." 29And he said, "Come." And getting out of the boat, Peter walked on the water and went5 toward Jesus. 30But when he saw the strong6 wind, he was afraid, and beginning to sink he cried out, saying, "Lord, save me." 31And Jesus immediately reached out [his] hand and caught him, and said* to him, "[O you] of little faith, why did you doubt?" 32And when they got into the boat, the wind stopped. 33And those in the boat worshiped him, saying, "Truly you are the Son of God."

The Healings at Gennesaret
(Mk. 6:53-56)

34And when they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret. 35And when the men of that place recognized him, they sent [word] to that whole region around [there] and brought to him all those who were ill, 36and started appealing to him that they might only touch the tassel of his cloak; and as many as touched [it] were made well.

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4Other ancient authorities read was already in the middle of the sea
5Other ancient authorities read to go
6Other ancient authorities omit strong

Matthew 15

The Traditions of the Elders
(Mk. 7:1-13)

151Then Pharisees and scribes came* to Jesus from Jerusalem, saying, 2"Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands whenever they are eating bread." 3And he answered by saying to them, "And why do you transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition? 4For God said,1 'Honor [your] father and [your] mother,'2 and, 'The one who speaks evil of father or mother must meet his end by death.'3 5But you say, 'Whoever says to [his] father or [his] mother, [I have given as] a gift [to God] whatever you might have gained from me, 6he shall not honor his father.'4 And [so] you have made void the word5 of God because of your tradition. 7[You] hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy about you, saying:

8'This people honors me with [their] lips,
but their heart is far away from me;
9and in vain they do worship me,
teaching [as] doctrines the commandments of men.'"6

Defilement from the Heart
(Mk. 7:14-23; Lk. 6:39)

10And he called the crowd to [him] and said to them, "Hear and comprehend: 11not what goes into the mouth defiles a man, but what proceeds out of the mouth, this defiles a man." 12Then the disciples came* and said* to him, "Do you know that the Pharisees were offended7 when they heard [this] saying?" 13But he answered by saying, "Every plant which my heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up. 14Let them alone; they are blind leaders of the blind.8 And if a blind [man] leads a blind [man], both will fall into a pit." 15But Peter replied by saying to him, "Explain this parable to us." 16And he said, "Are you also still without comprehension? 17Do you not understand

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1Other ancient authorities read commanded, saying,
2Ex. 20:12; Deut. 5:16
3Ex. 21:17; Lev. 20:9
4Other ancient authorities read his father or his mother
5Other ancient authorities read law; still others read commandment
6Is. 29:13
7Lit., ensnared
8Other ancient authorities omit of the blind

Matthew 15

that anything which enters into the mouth goes into the stomach, and is passed out into the latrine. 18But the things that proceed out of the mouth come out of the heart, and those defile a man. 19For out of the heart come wicked thoughts, [acts of] murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false testimony, slander.9 20These are what defile a man; but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man."

The Canaanite Woman
(Mk. 7:24-30)

21And Jesus went away from there and departed into the district of Tyre and Sidon. 22And behold, a Canaanite woman came out from that region and started crying out, saying, "Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David; my daughter is severely demon-possessed." 23But he did not answer her a word. And his disciples came and started requesting of him, saying, "Send her away, because she is crying out after us." 24But he answered by saying, "I was not sent [to anyone] except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." 25But she came and started worshiping10 him, saying, "Lord, start helping me." 26And he answered by saying, "It is not good to take the children's bread and throw [it] to the lap-dogs." 27But she said, "Yes, Lord, yet even the lap-dogs eat from the crumbs that fall from their master's table." 28Then Jesus answered by saying to her, "O woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish." And her daughter was healed from that hour.

The Healing of Many People
(Mk. 7:31-37)

29And Jesus moved on from there and went along the Sea of Galilee. And going up onto a mountain, he started sitting down there. 30And large crowds came to him, having with them the crippled, the deformed, the blind, the mute,11 and many others, and they put them at his feet, and he cured them, 31so that the crowd marveled, when they saw the mute11 speaking, the deformed healthy, the crippled walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel.

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9Or, blasphemy
10Or, was prostrating herself before
11Lit., deaf-mutes

Matthew 15

The Feeding of the Four Thousand
(Mk. 8:1-10)

32And Jesus called his disciples to [him] and said, "I have pity on the crowd, because they have already remained with me three days, and do not have anything to eat; and I am not willing to send them away fasting, lest they faint on the way." 33And the disciples said* to him, "Where are we to get enough bread in the wilderness to satisfy so large a crowd?" 34And Jesus said* to them, "How many loaves do you have?" And they said, "Seven, and a few small fish." 35And commanding the crowd to sit down on the ground, 36he took the seven loaves and the fish, and having giving thanks he broke [them] and started giving [them] to the disciples, and the disciples [gave them] to the crowds. 37And they all ate and were satisfied; and they took up seven baskets12 full of the broken pieces that were left over. 38Now those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. 39And sending away the crowds, he got into the boat and went to the region of Magadan.

The Demand for a Sign
(Mt. 12:38-39; Mk. 8:11-13; Lk. 11:16, 29; 12:54-56)

161And the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and to test him they asked him to show them a sign from heaven. 2But he answered by saying to them, "When it is evening, you say, '[It will be] fair weather; for the sky is red.' 3And in the morning, '[It will be] stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.' You know [how] to discern the appearance of the sky, but you cannot [discern] the signs of the times.1 4An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah." And he left them and went away.

The Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees
(Mk. 8:14-21; Lk. 12:1)

5And when the disciples came to the other side, they had forgotten to take [any] bread. 6And Jesus said to them, "Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees." 7And they started reasoning among themselves, saying, "[It is] because we took no bread." 8But Jesus, knowing [about this], said, "[O you] of little faith, why are you reasoning among yourselves [that I said this] because you have no bread? 9Do you not yet

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12Or, hampers
1Other ancient authorities omit from When it is evening to the signs of the times

Matthew 16

understand? Do you not remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets you took up? 10[Do you] not [remember] the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets2 you took up? 11How [is it that] you do not understand that I did not speak to you about bread? But beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees." 12Then they comprehended that he did not say to beware of the leaven of the bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Peter's Confession about Jesus
(Mk. 8:27-30; Lk. 9:18-21; Jn. 6:67-69)

13Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he started questioning his disciples, saying, "Who do men say that the Son of man is?"3 14And they said, "Some [say] John the Baptist, and others Elijah, and [still] others Jeremiah or one of the prophets." 15He said* to them, "But who do you say that I am?" 16And Simon Peter answered by saying, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." 17And Jesus answered by saying to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona, because flesh and blood has not revealed [this] to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 18And I say to you, you are Peter,4 and on this rock5 I will build my church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. 19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall stay bound6 in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall stay loosed7 in heaven." 20Then he warned the disciples to tell no one that he was the Christ.

Jesus' First Prediction of His Death and Resurrection
(Mk. 8:31-33; Lk. 9:22)

21From then [on] Jesus8 began showing his disciples that he had to go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. 22And Peter took him aside and began rebuking him, saying, "[God] forgive you,9 Lord! This shall never happen to you." 23But he turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a snare to me, because you are not thinking [about] the things

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2Or, hampers
3Other ancient authorities read that I the Son of man am
4Greek Petros 5Greek petra
6Or, shall have been bound 7Or, shall have been loosed
8Other ancient authorities read Jesus Christ
9Lit., propitious to you

Matthew 16

of God, but [about] the things of men."

More Conditions of Discipleship
(Mk. 8:34-9:1; Lk. 9:23-27; Jn. 12:25)

24Then Jesus said to his disciples, "If anyone wishes to come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and keep following me. 25For whoever wishes to save his life10 will lose it, and whoever loses his life10 for my sake will find it. 26For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world but forfeits his life?10 Or what will a man give in exchange for his life?10 27For the Son of man is going to come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will repay each one according to his deeds. 28Truly, I say to you, there are some of those standing here who shall not taste death until [after] they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom."

The Transfiguration
(Mk. 9:2-13; Lk. 9:28-36)

171And after six days Jesus took* with [him] Peter and James and John his brother, and privately led* them up onto a high mountain. 2And he was transfigured1 before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became white as light. 3And behold, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, talking with him. 4Now in response Peter said to Jesus, "Lord, it is a good [thing] for us to be here; if you wish, I will make three shelters2 here, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah." 5While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice [came] out of the cloud, saying, "This is my beloved Son,3 with whom I am well pleased; be listening to him." 6When the disciples heard [this], they fell on their faces, and were extremely afraid. 7But Jesus came and touched them and said, "Rise, and quit being afraid." 8And when they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one except Jesus himself alone.

9And as they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, "Tell no one the vision, until the Son of man is raised from the dead." 10And the disciples questioned him, saying, "Then why do the scribes say that Elijah has to come first?" 11And he answered by saying, "Indeed Elijah is coming, and he will restore all things. 12But I say to you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but did with him

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10Or, soul 1Lit., transformed
2Or, tents 3Or, my Son, the Beloved

Matthew 17

whatever they wished. The Son of man is also going to suffer at their [hands] like this." 13Then the disciples comprehended that he had spoken to them about John the Baptist.

The Healing of a Boy with Demon-Caused Epilepsy
(Mk. 9:14-29; Lk. 9:37-43a; 17:6)

14And when they came to the crowd, a man came up to him and kneeling before him said, 15"Lord, have mercy on my son, because he is an epileptic and he suffers severely; for often he falls into the fire, and often into the water. 16And I brought him to your disciples, and they could not cure him." 17And Jesus answered by saying, "O faithless and perverted generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring him here to me." 18And Jesus rebuked it, and the demon came out from him, and the boy was cured from that [very] hour. 19Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, "Why could we not cast it out?" 20And he said* to them, "Because of your little faith. For truly, I say to you, if you have faith like a grain of mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it will move; and nothing will be impossible to you.4"

Jesus' Second Prediction of His Death and Resurrection
(Mk. 9:30-32; Lk. 9:43b-45)

22As they were gathering5 in Galilee, Jesus said to them, "The Son of man is going to be delivered into the hands of men, 23and they will kill him, and on the third day he will be raised." And they were extremely sorrowful.

Payment of the Temple Tax

24And when they came to Capernaum, those who took up the half-shekel6 [temple tax] went to Peter and said, "Does not your teacher pay the half- shekel6?" 25He said, "Yes." And when he came into the house, Jesus spoke to him first, saying, "What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth take tariff or tax? For their sons or from others?" 26And when he said, "From others," Jesus said to him, "Then the sons are free. 27But lest we ensnare them [in sin], go to the sea and cast a hook, and take the first fish that comes up, and when you open its mouth you will find a shekel;7 take that

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4Other ancient authorities insert verse 21, But this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting
5Other ancient authorities read staying
6Greek didrachmae, equalling two denarii
7Greek stater, equalling four denarii

Matthew 17

and give [it] to them for me and you."

The Greatest in the Kingdom
(Mk. 9:33-37; Lk. 9:46-48)

181In that [very] hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying, "Who then is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?" 2And calling to [him] a child he set him in their midst, 3and said, "Truly, I say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. 4Therefore whoever will humble himself like this child, he is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. 5And whoever receives one such child in my name receives me.

Snares to Sin
(Mt. 5:29-30; Mk. 9:42-48; Lk. 17:1-2)

6"But whoever ensnares one of these little ones who believe in me [in sin], it would be [more] expedient for him to have a heavy millstone1 hung around his neck and to be drowned in the open depths of the sea. 7Woe to the world because of snares [to sin]! For it is necessary for the snares to come, but woe to the man through whom the snare does come!

8"Now if your hand or your foot is ensnaring you [in sin], cut it off and throw [it] from you; it is better for you to enter into life deformed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into the eternal fire. 9And if you eye is ensnaring you [in sin], pluck it out and throw [it] from you; it is better for you to enter into life with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into the hell2 of fire.

The Parable of the Lost Sheep
(Lk. 15:3-7)

10"Keep seeing [to it] that you do not despise one of these little ones; for I tell you that in heaven their angels always look at the face of my Father who is in heaven.3 12What do you think? If any man has a hundred sheep, and one of them should go astray, will he not leave the ninety-nine on the hills and go and seek the one that is going astray? 13And if he happens to find it, truly, I say to you, he rejoices over it more than over the

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1Lit., a donkey millstone, i.e., a millstone so heavy that it must be turned by a donkey
2Greek Gehenna
3Other ancient authorities add verse 11, For the Son of man came to save the lost

Matthew 18

ninety-nine that had not gone astray. 14So it is not the will of your4 Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.

A Brother Who Sins
(Lk. 17:3-4)

15"Now if your brother sins against you,5 go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. 16But if he does not listen, take with you one or two others that 'on [evidence from] the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.'6 17But if he refuses to listen to them, tell [it] to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, he must be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.

18"Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall stay bound7 in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall stay loosed8 in heaven. 19Again, truly I say to you that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they might ask, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven. 20For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am there in their midst."

21Then Peter came up and said to him, "Lord, how many times shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?" 22Jesus said* to him, "I do not say to you up to seven times, but up to seventy-seven times.9

The Parable of the Unforgiving Slave

23"For this [reason] the kingdom of heaven is like a king10 who wished to settle accounts with his slaves. 24And when he began settling [the accounts], one was brought to him who owed [him] ten thousand talents.11 25And as he did not have [the money] to pay back, [his] lord commanded for him to be sold, with [his] wife and children and all that he had, and repayment to be made. 26Therefore the slave fell down and started worshiping12 him, saying,13

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4Other ancient authorities read my
5Other ancient authorities omit against you
6Deut. 19:15
7Or, shall have been bound 8Or, shall have been loosed
9Or, seventy times seven; but see Gen. 4:24 10Lit., a man, a king
11A talent was worth 6,000 denarii, about 20 years' wages for a common laborer.
12Or, was prostrating himself before
13Other ancient authorities read saying, 'Lord, have

Matthew 18

'Have patience with me, and I will pay you back everything.' 27And having pity, the lord of that slave released him and forgave him the loan. 28But that same slave, as he went out, found one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii;14 and seizing him he started choking [him], saying, 'Pay back whatever you owe.' 29Therefore his fellow slave fell down and started appealing to him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you back.' 30And yet he was not willing, but went and threw him into jail until he should pay back the debt. 31Therefore when his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were extremely sorrowful, and they went and reported to their lord all that had happened. 32Then his lord summoned him and said* to him, '[You] wicked slave! I forgave you all that debt because you appealed to me. 33Was it not also necessary for you to have had mercy on your fellow slave, as I also had mercy on you? 34And his lord was angry and delivered him to the torturers, until he should pay back all that he owed [him]. 35My heavenly Father will also do like this to you, if each one of you does not forgive his brother from your hearts."

Departure to Judea
(Mk. 10:1; Lk. 9:51)

191And it happened [that] when Jesus had finished these sayings, he went away from Galilee and came to the region of Judea on the other side of the Jordan; 2and large crowds followed him, and he cured them there.

Divorce and Celibacy
(Mt. 5:31-32; Mk. 10:1-12; Lk. 16:18)

3And Pharisees1 came up to him and tested him by asking, "Is it permissible for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason?" 4And he answered by saying, "Have you not read that the One who created2 [them] from the beginning made them male and female,3 5and said, 'For this reason a man shall leave [his] father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall be one flesh'?4 6So they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore, what God has yoked together, man must not separate." 7They said* to him, "Why then did Moses command to give [one's wife] a certificate of divorce, and to

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14A denarius was a day's wages for a common laborer.
1Other ancient authorities read the Pharisees
2Other ancient authorities read made
3Gen. 1:27; 5:2 4Gen. 2:24

Matthew 19

divorce her?"5 8He said* to them, "For your hardness of heart Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. 9And I say to you: whoever divorces his wife, except for fornication, and marries another, commits6 adultery."7

10His disciples said* to him, "If the relationship of a man with [his] wife is like this, it is not expedient to marry." 11But he said to them, "Not everyone makes room for this saying, but [only those] to whom it has been given. 12For there are eunuchs who were born like this from [their] mother's womb, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs because of the kingdom of heaven. The one who is able to make room for [this] must make room for [it]."

Blessing the Children
(Mk. 10:13-16; Lk. 18:15-17)

13Then children were brought to him so that he might lay [his] hands on them and pray. But the disciples rebuked them. 14But Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and quit hindering them. For to such belongs8 the kingdom of heaven." 15And he laid [his] hands on them and went [away] from there.

The Rich Young Man
(Mk. 10:17-31; Lk. 18:18-30)

16And behold, one came up to him and said, "Teacher,9 what good thing should I do so that I may have eternal life?" 17And he said to him, "Why do you ask me about what [is] good? There is [only] One who is good.10 But if you wish to enter into life, be keeping the commandments." 18He said* to him, "Which?" And Jesus said, "You shall not murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not testify falsely, 19Honor [your]

_______________
5Deut. 24:1-4
6Other ancient authorities read unless it is a matter of fornication; following that some of them read makes her commit adultery or and marries another, makes her commit adultery
7Other ancient authorities insert and he who marries a divorced woman commits adultery
8Lit., of such is
9Other ancient authorities read Good teacher
10Other ancient authorities read Why do you call me good? No one is good except One, [that is], God.

Matthew 19

father and mother, and, You shall love your neighbor as yourself."11 20The young man said* to him, "All these I have observed; what do I still lack?" 21Jesus said to him, "If you wish to be perfect, go, sell your belongings and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, start following me." 22But when the young man heard [this] saying he went away sorrowful; for he had many possessions.

23And Jesus said to his disciples, "Truly, I say to you that [only] with difficulty will a rich man enter into the kingdom of heaven. 24And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a [sewing] needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God." 25Now when the disciples heard [this] they were extremely astonished, saying, "Who then can be saved?" 26But Jesus looked at [them] and said to them, "With men this is impossible, but with God all things [are] possible." 27Then Peter answered by saying to him, "Behold, we have left everything and followed you. What then shall we have?" 28And Jesus said to them, "Truly, I say to you that in the regeneration, whenever the Son of man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will yourselves also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother12 or children or farms, for my name's sake, will receive a hundredfold,13 and inherit eternal life. 30But many [who are] first will be last, and the last first.

The Parable of Workers in the Vineyard
(Mk. 10:31; Lk. 13:30)

201"For the kingdom of heaven is like a man [who is] a householder who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. 2And after agreeing with the workers for a denarius1 a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the marketplace; 4and he said to them, 'You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.' And they went. 5And going out again about the sixth [hour] and the ninth hour, he did the same thing. 6And about the eleventh [hour] he went out and found others standing; and he said* to them, 'Why do you stand here idle the whole day?' 7They said* to him,

_______________
11Ex. 20:12-16; Deut. 5:16-20; Lev. 19:18
12Other ancient authorities read mother or wife
13Other ancient authorities read many times more
1The denarius was a day's wages for a common laborer.

Matthew 20

'Because no one has hired us.' He said* to them, 'You also go into the vineyard.' 8And when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said* to his foreman, 'Call the workers, and pay [them their] wages, beginning from the last, up to the first.' 9Now when those [who were hired] about the eleventh hour came, they received a denarius apiece. 10And when those [hired] first came, they thought that they would receive more; but they also received a denarius apiece themselves. 11And [on] receiving [it] they started grumbling against the householder, 12saying, 'These last worked [only] one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.' 13But he answered one of them by saying, 'Friend, I am doing you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14Take what [is] yours, and go; but I wish to give to this last [man] as [I] also [give] to you. 15Or is it not permissible for me to do what I wish with what is mine? Or is your eye grudging2 because I am good? 16So the last will be first, and the first last."

Jesus' Third Prediction of His Death and Resurrection
(Mk. 10:32-34; Lk. 18:31-34)

17And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he privately took the twelve disciples aside, and on the way he said to them, 18"Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, 19and deliver him to the Gentiles for [them] to mock and whip and crucify [him], and on the third day he will be raised."

The Request of the Mother of James and John
(Mk. 10:35-45; Lk. 22:25-26)

20Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up to him, with her sons, worshiping3 [him] and asking for something from him. 21And he said to her, "What do you wish?" She said* to him, "Say that these two sons of mine may sit, one at [your] right [hand] and one at your left, in your kingdom." 22But Jesus answered by saying, "You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am going to drink?" They said* to him, "We are able." 23He said* to them, "Indeed you will drink my cup, but to sit at my right [hand] and at [my] left, this is not mine to give, but [is for those] for whom it has been prepared by my Father." 24And when the ten heard [this],

_______________
2Lit., wicked
3Or, prostrating herself before

Matthew 20

they were indignant at the two brothers. 25But Jesus called them and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and [their] great [men] exercise authority over them. 26It is not [to be] like this among you; but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, 27and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; 28even as the Son of man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life [as] a ransom for many."

The Healing of Two Blind Men
(Mt. 9:27-31; Mk. 10:46-52; Lk. 18:35-43)

29And as they went out from Jericho, a large crowd followed him. 30And behold, when two blind [men] sitting beside the road heard that Jesus was passing by, they cried out, saying, "Have mercy on us, Lord,4 Son of David!" 31And the crowd rebuked them, so that they would keep quiet. But they cried out [even] more, "Have mercy on us, Lord, Son of David!" 32And Jesus stood still and called them and said, "What do you wish me to do for you?" 33They said* to him, "Lord, that our eyes may be opened." 34And Jesus had pity [on them] and touched their eyes, and immediately they received their sight and followed him.

The Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem
(Mk. 11:1-11a; Lk. 19:28-40; Jn. 12:12-19)

211And when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2saying to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her; untie [them] and bring [them] to me. 3And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, 'The Lord has a need for them,' and immediately he will send them." 4Now this has happened to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet, saying,

5"Tell the daughter of Zion,
Behold, your king is coming to you,
meek, and mounted on a donkey,
and on a colt, the foal of a burro."1
6And the disciples went and did just as Jesus had ordered them; 7they brought the donkey and the colt, and put [their] cloaks on them, and he sat upon them. 8Now most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, but others were
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4Other ancient authorities omit Lord; others put it before Have mercy
1Is. 62:11; Zech. 9:9

Matthew 21

cutting branches from the trees and spreading [them] on the road. 9And the crowds that were going before him and that were following [him] were crying out, saying, "Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed [is] the One who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!" 10And when he entered into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred, saying, "Who is this?" 11And the crowds were saying, "This is the prophet Jesus from Nazareth of Galilee."

The Cleansing of the Temple
(Mk. 11:11b, 15-19; Lk. 19:45-48; Jn. 2:13-22)

12And Jesus entered into the temple2 and drove out all those who were selling and buying in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of those who were selling doves. 13He said* to them, "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer.'3 But you are making it a den of bandits."4

14And the blind and the crippled came to him in the temple, and he cured them. 15But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the marvelous things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple and saying, "Hosanna to the Son of David!" they were indignant; 16and they said to him, "Do you hear what these are saying?" And Jesus said* to them, "Yes; have you never read,

'Out of the mouths of infants and nursing [babies]
you have prepared praise [for yourself]'?"5
17And leaving them, he went out of the city to Bethany and lodged there.

The Cursing of the Fig Tree
(Mk. 11:12-14, 20-24)

18Now in the morning, as he was returning to the city, he was hungry. 19And seeing a fig tree by the road he went to it, and found nothing on it except only leaves. And he said* to it, "No fruit shall ever come from you again!" And instantly the fig tree withered. 20And when the disciples saw [it] they marveled, saying, "How did the fig tree instantly wither?" 21And Jesus answered by saying to them, "Truly, I say to you, if you keep having faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what [has been done] to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, 'Be taken up and thrown into the

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2Other ancient authorities read temple of God
3Is. 56:7
4Jer. 7:11
5Ps. 8:2

Matthew 21

sea,' it will happen. 22And what all you ask in prayer while believing, you will receive."

The Question about Jesus' Authority
(Mk. 11:27-33; Lk. 20:1-8)

23And when he entered into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came up to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?" 24But Jesus answered by saying to them, "I also will ask you one question; and if you tell me [the answer, then] I also will tell you by what authority I do these things. 25The baptism6 of John, where was it from? From heaven or from men?" And they started reasoning among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say to us, 'Why then did you not believe him?' 26But if we say, 'From men,' we are afraid of the crowd; for all hold John as a prophet." 27And they answered Jesus by saying, "We do not know." And he said to them, "Neither am I telling you by what authority I do these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

28"What do you think? A man had two children; and he went to the first and said, 'Child, go and work in the vineyard today.' 29And he answered by saying, 'I do not wish to'; but afterwards he regretted [it] and went. 30And he went to the other and said the same thing; and he answered by saying, 'I [will go], sir,' but did not go.7 31Which of the two did the will of [his] father?" They said*, "The first." Jesus said* to them, "Truly, I say to you, the tax collectors and the prostitues are going into the kingdom of God before you. 32For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him; and [even] when you saw [it], you did not afterwards regret [it so as] to believe him.

The Parable of the Wicked Tenant Farmers
(Mk. 12:1-12; Lk. 20:9-19)

33"Hear another parable. There was a man [who was] a householder who planted a vineyard, and set a hedge around it, and dug a wine press in it, and built a tower, and rented it to tenant farmers, and went on a journey. 34Now when the season of fruit came near, he sent his slaves to the tenant farmers,

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6Greek baptisma means immersion
7Other ancient authorities invert the order of verses 29 and 30b

Matthew 21

to receive his fruit; 35and the tenant farmers took his slaves and beat one, killed another, and stoned another. 36Again he sent other slaves, more than the first; and they did the same thing to them. 37Now finally he sent his son to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.' 38But when the tenant farmers saw the son, they said among themselves, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him and have his inheritance.' 39And they took him and threw [him] outside the vineyard, and killed [him]. 40Therefore whenever the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenant farmers?" 41They said* to him, "He will severely destroy those evil [men], and rent the vineyard to other tenant farmers who will give him the fruits in their seasons."

42Jesus said* to them, "Have you never read in the scriptures:

'A stone which the builders rejected--
this has become the head of the corner;
this was from the Lord,
and it is marvelous in our eyes'?8
43For this [reason] I say to you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation producing its fruits. 44And the one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will crush him."9

45And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he was speaking about them. 46And although they were seeking [a way] to seize him, they feared the crowds, since they held him as a prophet.

The Parable of the Marriage Feast
(Lk. 14:15-24)

221And Jesus continued by speaking to them in parables again, saying, 2"The kingdom of heaven is like a king1 who made a marriage feast for his son. 3And he sent his slaves to call those who had been invited to the marriage feast; but they were not willing to come. 4Again he sent other slaves, saying, 'Tell those who have been invited, Behold, I have made ready my dinner, my bulls and [my] fattened [cattle] have been killed, and all things [are] ready; come to the marriage feast.' 5But they were unconcerned and went off, one to [his] own farm, another about his business, 6and the rest seized

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8Ps. 118:22-23
9Other ancient authorities omit verse 44
1Lit., a man, a king

Matthew 22

his slaves, mistreated [them], and killed [them]. 7And the king was angry, and he sent his armies and destroyed those murderers and burned their city. 8Then he said* to his slaves, 'The wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9Therefore, go to where the highways leave the city, and invite to the marriage feast as many as you find.' 10And those slaves went out into the highways and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good; and the wedding [hall] was filled with guests.

11"But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had not put on a wedding garment; 12and he said* to him, 'Friend, how did you come in here without having a wedding garment?' And he was speechless. 13Then the king said to the servants, 'Bind his feet and hands, and throw him out into the outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth there.' 14For many are called, but few [are] chosen."

The Question about Paying Taxes
(Mk. 12:13-17; Lk. 20:20-26)

15Then the Pharisees went and took counsel in order that they might entrap him in [his] talk. 16And they sent* their disciples to him, [along] with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that you are true, and teach the way of God in [the] truth, and it does not matter to you about who anyone [is]; for you do not regard the position of men. 17Therefore, tell us what you think. Is it permissible to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?" 18But Jesus, knowing their wickedness, said, "Why are you putting me to the test, [you] hypocrites? 19Show me the money for the tax." And they brought him [a coin called] a denarius.2 20And he said* to them, "Whose image and inscription [is] this?" 21They said* to him,3 "Caesar's." Then he said* to them, "Therefore, pay back to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." 22And when they heard [this], they marveled. And they left him and went away.

The Question about the Resurrection
(Mk. 12:18-27; Lk. 20:27-40)

23On that [same] day Sadducees came to him, saying4 that there is no resurrection; and they asked him [a question], 24saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If any [man] dies, having no children, his brother as next of kin shall marry

_______________
2This silver coin was a day's wages for a common laborer.
3Other ancient authorities omit to him
4Other ancient authorities read those who say

Matthew 22

his wife, and raise up offspring for his brother.'5 25Now there were seven brothers among us; and the first married and died, and having no offspring left his wife to his brother. 26In the same way the second also [married her and died], and the third, down to the seventh. 27And after [them] all, the woman died. 28Therefore, in the resurrection to which of the seven will she be wife? For they all had her."

29But Jesus answered by saying to them, "You are wrong, because you do not know the scriptures nor the power of God. 30For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels6 in heaven. 31But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying, 32'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'?7 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living." 33And when the crowd heard [this], they were astonished at his teaching.

The Question about the Great Commandment
(Mk. 12:28-34; Lk. 10:25-28)

34But when the Pharisees heard that he had muzzled the Sadducees, they came together. 35And one of them, a lawyer,8 asked [him a question], to test him. 36"Teacher, which [is] the great commandment in the law?" 37And he said to him, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.9 38This is the great and first commandment. 39And a second [is] like it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.10 40On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets."

The Question about David's Son
(Mk. 12:34b-37a; Lk. 20:41-44)

41Now while the Pharisees were gathering together, Jesus asked them [a question], 42saying, "What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?" They said* to him, "David's." 43He said* to them, "How then does David by the Spirit call him Lord, saying,

44'The Lord said to my Lord,
_______________
5Deut. 25:5
6Other ancient authorities read angels of God
7Ex. 3:6
8Other ancient authorities omit a lawyer
9Deut. 6:5
10Lev. 19:18

Matthew 22

Sit at my right [hand],
until I put your enemies underneath your feet'?11
45Therefore if David calls him Lord, how is he his son?" 46And no one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day [on] did anyone dare to ask him [a question] any more.

The Denunciation of the Scribes and Pharisees
(Mk. 12:37b-40; Lk. 11:39-52; 20:45-47)

231Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, 2saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses' seat. 3Therefore do and keep observing what all they tell you, but do not be doing what they do;1 for they say, and do not do. 4And they bind heavy and hard to carry2 loads and lay [them] on men's shoulders; but they themselves are not willing to move them with their finger. 5But they do all their works to be seen by men; for they make their phylacteries3 wide and their tassels4 large, 6and they love the place of honor in the banquets and the seats of honor in the synagogues, 7and greetings in the marketplaces, and being called rabbi by men. 8But you must not be called rabbi, for [only] One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers. 9And do not call [anyone] your father on earth, for [only] One is your Father, the One who is in heaven. 10Neither be called professors, because [only] one is your Professor, the Christ. 11But the one who is greatest among you shall be your servant. 12And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

13"But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men; for you do not enter yourselves, nor do you allow those who are trying to enter to go in.5

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11Ps. 110:1
1Lit., according to their works
2Other ancient authorities omit and hard to carry
3Or, amulents. These were small boxes containing scripture verses which were bound on the forehead and arm during prayer, often considered as safeguards against demonic influences. See Deut. 6:8
4See Num. 15:38-39; Deut. 22:12
5Other authorities add here (or after verse 12) verse 14, 14Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you devour widows' houses and for a pretense you make long prayers; for this [reason] you will receive the greater condemnation.

Matthew 23

15"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you travel about on sea and land to make [just] one proselyte, and whenever he becomes [one], you make him twice as much a son of hell6 as you [are].

16"Woe to you, blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated.' 17You fools and blind [men]! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifies the gold? 18And [you say], 'Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is upon it, he is obligated.' 19[You] blind [men]! For which [is] greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift? 20Therefore the one who swears by the altar, swears by it and by all the things upon it; 21and the one who swears by the temple, swears by it and by the One who dwells in it; 22and the one who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by the One who sits upon it.

23"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and [yet] have left [undone] the weightier [matters] of the law, justice and mercy and faith; but these [you] had to do, without leaving those [others undone]. 24[You] blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel!

25"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of swindling and lack of self-control. 26[You] blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup, so that the outside of it7 may also be clean.

27"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you are like whitewashed sepulchres, which indeed outwardly appear beautiful, but within they are full of dead [men's] bones and all uncleanness. 28So indeed you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but within you are filled with hypocrisy and lawlessness.

29"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the sepulchres of the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous, 30and say, 'If we had been [living] in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in [shedding] the blood of the prophets.' 31So you testify against yourselves, that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32You then, fill up the measure of your fathers. 33[You] snakes, [you] brood of vipers, how shall you escape the condemnation of hell?6

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6Greek Gehenna
7Other ancient authorities read cup and of the dish, so that the outside of them; some read of it; some omit either

Matthew 23

34Behold, for this [reason] I am sending to you prophets and wise men and scribes. [Some] of them you will kill and crucify, and [some] of them you will whip in your synagogues and persecute from city to city, 35that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel down to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the temple sanctuary and the altar. 36Truly, I say to you, all these things will come on this generation.

Jesus' Lament over Jerusalem
(Lk. 13:34-35)

37"[O] Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How many times I wished to gather your children together in the way that a hen gathers her young chickens together under [her] wings, and you were not willing! 38Behold, your house is left to you desolate.8 39For I say to you, you shall not see me from now [on] until you say, 'Blessed [is] the One who comes in the name of the Lord.'"

The Prediction of the Destruction of the Temple
(Mk. 13:1-2; Lk. 21:5-6)

241And Jesus went out from the temple and was going away, and his disciples came to show him the buildings of the temple. 2But he answered by saying to them, "Do you not see all these things? Truly, I say to you, there shall not be left here [one] stone on another, that will not be torn down."

The Disciples' Questions
(Mk. 13:3-4; Luke 21:7)

3Now as he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things be, and what [will be] the sign of your advent1 and of the completion of the age?"

Warnings Against Being Led Astray
(Mk. 13:5-13; Lk. 21:8-19)

4And Jesus answered by saying to them, "Keep looking out that no one leads you astray. 5For many will come in my name, saying, 'I am the Christ,' and they will lead many astray. 6Now you are going to be hearing [about] wars and rumors of wars; see that you are not alarmed; for [this]2 has to

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8Other ancient authorities omit desolate
1Greek parousia; and so elsewhere
2Other ancient authorities read all [this]

Matthew 24

happen, but the end is not yet. 7For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in [various] places: 8but all these things [are only] the beginning of the birth-pangs.

9"Then they will deliver you up to tribulation, and will kill you. And you will be hated by all nations because of my name. 10And then many will be ensnared [in sin], and betray one another, and hate one another. 11And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray. 12And because lawlessness is multiplied, most [people's] love will become cold. 13But the one who endures to the end will be saved. 14And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached throughout the whole inhabited [earth], to [give] testimony to all nations; and then the end will come.

The Desolation and Great Tribulation
(Mk. 13:14-20; Lk. 17:31; 21:20-24)

15"Therefore whenever you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of through the prophet Daniel,3 standing in a holy place (the reader must understand), 16then those who are in Judea must start fleeing to the mountains; 17the one who is on the housetop must not go down to take the things out of his house; 18and the one who is in the field must not turn back to take his cloak. 19And woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing [babies] in those days! 20And be praying that your flight may not happen in winter nor on a sabbath. 21For then there will be great tribulation, as has not happened from the beginning of the world until now, nor will it ever happen [again]. 22And if those days had not been shortened, no one of flesh would be saved; but because of the chosen those days will be shortened.

More Warnings Against Being Led Astray
(Mk. 13:21-23; Lk. 17:23-24, 37)

23"Then if anyone says to you, 'Behold, here [is] the Christ!' or 'Here [he is]!' do not believe [it]. 24For false Christs and false prophets will arise and show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen. 25Behold, I have told you beforehand. 26Therefore if they say to you, 'Behold, he is in the wilderness,' do not go out; [if they say], 'Behold, [he is] in the inner rooms,' do not believe [it]. 27For just as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so shall be the

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3Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11

Matthew 24

advent of the Son of man. 28Wherever the corpse is, there the eagles4 will be gathered together.

The Coming of the Son of Man
(Mk. 13:24-27; Lk. 21:25-28)

29"Now immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30And then will appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31And he will send out his angels with [the sound of] a loud trumpet,5 and they will gather his chosen from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.

The Parable of the Fig Tree
(Mk. 13:28-29; Lk. 21:29-31)

32"Now learn the parable from the fig tree: whenever its branch has already become tender and is sprouting out its leaves, you know that the summer [is] near. 33So also, whenever you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the [very] doors.

Statements about Time
(Mk. 13:30-32; Lk. 21:32-34)

34"Truly, I say to you, this generation shall not pass away until all these things happen. 35Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words shall not pass away. 36But about that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son,6 but the Father only.

Exhortation to Watch
(Mk. 13:35; Lk. 12:37-40; 17:26-30, 34-36)

37"For just as [were] the days of Noah, so shall be the advent of the Son of man. 38For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, 39and they did not know until the flood came and swept them all away, so shall also be the advent of the Son of man. 40Then two [men] will be in the field; one is taken and one is left. 41Two [women will be] grinding at the mill; one is taken and one is left. 42Therefore keep watching, because you do not know

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4Or, vultures. The vulture was considered a type of eagle.
5Other ancient authorities read with a loud sound of a trumpet
6Other ancient authorities omit nor the Son

Matthew 24

on what day your Lord is coming. 43But know this, that if the householder had known in what watch [of the night] the thief was coming, he would have watched and would not have allowed his house to be broken into. 44For this [reason] you be ready also; because the Son of man is coming at an hour when you do not think [he will].

The Faithful or Evil Slave
(Lk. 12:41-46)

45"Who then is the faithful and sensible slave, whom [his] lord has appointed over his household, to give them [their] food at the [proper] time? 46Blessed [is] that slave whom his lord when he comes will find so doing. 47Truly, I say to you that he will appoint him over all his belongings. 48But if that evil slave says in his heart, 'My lord is taking [his] time,' 49and begins beating his fellow slaves, and is eating and drinking with those who are drunk, 50the lord of that slave will come on a day when he does not expect [him] and at an hour he does not know, 51and will cut him in two, and assign him a place with the hypocrites; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth there.

The Parable of the Ten Virgins

251"Then the kingdom of heaven is like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom.1 2Now five of them were foolish, and five [were] sensible. 3For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them; 4but the sensible took oil in [their] containers with their lamps. 5Now while the bridegroom was taking [his] time, they all became drowsy and started sleeping. 6But at midnight there was a cry, 'Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet2 [him].' 7Then all those virgins rose and trimmed their lamps. 8And the foolish said to the sensible, 'Give us [some] of your oil, because our lamps are going out.' 9But the sensible answered by saying, 'Certainly there will not be enough for us and for you; go rather to those who sell [oil] and buy for yourselves.' 10And while they were going to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast; and the door was shut. 11Now afterwards the rest of the virgins also came, saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.' 12But he answered by saying, 'Truly, I say to you, I do not know you.' 13Therefore, keep watching, because you do not know the day nor the hour.

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1Other ancient authorities add and the bride
2Or, escort

Matthew 25

The Parable of the Talents
(Lk. 19:11-27)

14"For [it will be] as [when] a man going on a journey called [his] own slaves and delivered to them his belongings [for safe keeping]; 15now to one he gave five talents3 [of money], to another two, to another one, to each according to [his] own ability. And he went on [his] journey. 16Immediately the one who had received the five talents went and worked with them; and he gained another five [talents]. 17In the same way, the one who [had received] the two [talents] gained another two. 18But the one who had received the one [talent] went and dug in the ground and hid his lord's money. 19Now after a long time the lord of those slaves came* and settled* accounts with them. 20And the one who had received the five talents came forward and brought the other five talents, saying, 'Lord, you delivered to me five talents. Behold, I have gained another five talents.' 21His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful slave. You have been faithful over a few things; I will appoint you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord. 22The one who [had received] the two talents also came forward and said, 'Lord, you delivered to me two talents. Behold, I have gained another two talents.' 23His lord said to him, 'Well [done], good and faithful slave. You have been faithful over a few things; I will appoint you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.' 24And the one who had received the one talent also came forward and said, 'Lord, I knew that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering from where you did not scatter. 25And I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Behold, [here] you have what [is] yours.' 26But his lord answered by saying to him, '[You] wicked and lazy slave! You know that I reap where I have not sowed, and gather from where I have not scattered, [did you]? 27Therefore you ought to have invested my money with the bankers, and at my coming I would have gotten back what was mine with interest. 28Therefore take the talent from him, and give [it] to the one who has the ten talents. 29For to every one who has will [more] be given, and he will have in abundance; but [as for] the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 30And throw out the useless slave into the outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth there.'

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3A talent was worth 6,000 denarii, about 20 years' wages for a common laborer.

Matthew 25

The Judgment of the Nations

31"Now whenever the Son of man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32And before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate them from one another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats, 33and he will place the sheep at his right [hand], but the goats at the left.

34"Then the King will say to those at his right [hand], 'Come, [you] blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35For I was hungry and you gave me [something] to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me a drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, 36[I was] naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in jail and you came to me.' 37Then the righteous will answer him, saying, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed [you], or thirsty and give [you] a drink? 38And when did we see you a stranger and invite [you] in, or naked and clothe [you]? 39And when did we see you sick or in jail and come to you?' 40And the King will answer by saying to them, 'Truly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did [it] to one of the least of these my brothers, you did [it] to me.'

41"Then he will say to those at [his] left [hand], 'Depart from me, [you] cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. 42For I was hungry and you did not give me [anything] to eat, I was thirsty and you did not give me a drink, 43I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in jail and you did not visit me.' 44Then they also will answer, saying, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in jail, and did not minister to you?' 45Then he will answer them, saying, 'Truly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do [it] to one of the least of these, neither did you do [it] to me.' 46And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."

The Plot to Kill Jesus
(Mk. 14:1-2; Lk. 22:1-2; Jn. 11:47-53)

261And it happened [that] when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said to his disciples, 2"You know that after two days the Passover takes place, and the Son of man will be delivered up to be crucified."

3Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 4and consulted together so that they might seize Jesus by cunning and kill [him]. 5But they were saying,


Matthew 26

"Not during the feast, lest there be a disturbance among the people."

Jesus' Anointing at Bethany
(Mk. 14:3-9; Lk. 7:36-50; Jn. 12:1-8)

6Now when Jesus was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, 7a woman came up to him having an alabaster flask of very expensive ointment, and she poured [it] on his head, as he sat [at the table]. 8But when the disciples saw [it], they were indignant, saying, "Why this waste? 9For this [ointment] could have been sold for much [money], and given to the poor." 10But knowing [about this], Jesus said to them, "Why are you giving the woman a hard time? For she has done a good deed to me. 11For you always have the poor with you, but you [will] not always have me. 12For when she put this ointment on my body, she did [it] to prepare me for burial. 13Truly, I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what she has done will also be spoken of in memory of her."

Judas' Agreement to Betray Jesus
(Mk. 14:10-11; Lk. 22:3-6)

14Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15and said, "What are you willing to give me if I will betray him to you?" And they paid him thirty silver [coins]. 16And from then [on] he was seeking an opportunity to betray him.

Preparation for the Passover
(Mk. 14:12-16; Lk. 22:7-13)

17Now on the first [day] of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, "Where do you wish us to prepare for you to eat the passover?" 18And he said, "Go into the city to such a one, and say to him, 'The Teacher says, My time is near; I am keeping the passover at your [house] with my disciples.'" 19And the disciples did as Jesus had ordered them, and they prepared the passover.

The Prediction of the Betrayal
(Mk. 14:17-21; Lk. 22:14, 21-23; Jn. 13:21-30)

20Now when it was evening, he was sitting [at the table] with the twelve.1 21And as they were eating, he said, "Truly, I say to you that one of you will betray me." 22And they were extremely sorrowful, and each one began saying to him, "It is not I, [is it], Lord?" 23And he answered by saying, "The one who has dipped [his] hand in the dish with me will betray me. 24The Son of man

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1Other ancient authorities read twelve disciples

Matthew 26

indeed goes just as it is written about him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born." 25Judas, who betrayed him, responded by saying, "It is not I, [is it], Rabbi?" He said* to him, "You have said [it]."

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
(Mk. 14:22-26; Lk. 22:15-20, 39; I Cor. 11:23-25)

26Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed and broke [it], and gave [it] to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is my body." 27And he took a cup2 and gave thanks, and gave [it] to them, saying, "Drink of it, all [of you]; 28for this is my blood of the covenant,3 which is poured out for many for4 the forgiveness of sins. 29And I say to you I shall not drink of this fruit of the vine from now [on] until that day whenever I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom." 30And when they had sung a hymn,5 they went out to the Mount of Olives.

The Prediction of Peter's Denial
(Mk. 14:27-31; Lk. 22:31-34; Jn. 13:36-38)

31Then Jesus said* to them, "You will all be ensnared [in sin] by [rejecting] me this night; for it is written, 'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.'6 32But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee." 33But Peter responded by saying to him, "Though they will all be ensnared [in sin] by [rejecting] you, I will never be ensnared." 34Jesus said to him, "Truly, I say to you, that in this [very] night, before a rooster crows, you will deny me three times." 35Peter said* to him, "Even if I should have to die with you, I will not deny you." All the disciples said something like this too.

Jesus' Prayers in Gethsemane
(Mk. 14:32-42; Lk. 22:39-46; Jn. 18:1)

36Then Jesus went* with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said* to the disciples, "Sit here, while I go over there and pray." 37And taking with [him] Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began being sorrowful and

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2Other ancient authorities read the cup
3Other ancient authorities read new covenant
4Lit., into
5Or, hymns
6Zech. 13:7

Matthew 26

troubled. 38Then he said* to them, "My soul is very sorrowful, [even] to the point of death; remain here, and keep watching7 with me." 39And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, saying, "My Father, if it is possible, may this cup pass from me; however, not as I will, but as you [will]." 40And he came* to the disciples and found* them sleeping; and he said* to Peter, "So, could you not watch7 with me one hour? 41Keep watching7 and praying that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak." 42Again, for the second [time], he went away and prayed, saying, "My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, may your will be done." 43And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 44And leaving them again, he went away and prayed for the third [time], saying the same words again. 45Then he came* to the disciples and said* to them, "Are you sleeping and resting from now on? Behold, the hour has come near, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46Rise, let us be going. Behold, the one who betrays me has come near."

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
(Mk. 14:43-50; Lk. 22:47-53; Jn. 18:2-12)

47And while he was still speaking, behold, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a large crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people. 48Now the one who betrayed him had given them a sign, saying, "Whomever I kiss, he is the [one]; seize him." 49And he immediately went to Jesus and said, "Hello, Rabbi!" And he kissed him. 50But Jesus said to him, "Friend, what are you here for?"8 Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him. 51And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out [his] hand and drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest, and chopped off his ear. 52Then Jesus said* to him, "Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take the sword will perish by the sword. 53Or do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will right now provide me more [than] twelve legions of angels? 54But how then would the scriptures be fulfilled, that it has to happen like this?" 55At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, "Have you come out as against a bandit, with swords and clubs to arrest me? Every day I was sitting in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. 56But this whole thing has happened so that the

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7Or, keep awake
8Or, do that for which you have come

Matthew 26

scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled." Then all the disciples left him and fled.

Jesus Before the Council
(Mk. 14:53-65; Lk. 22:54-55, 63-71; Jn. 18:13-14, 19-24)

57Now those who had seized Jesus led [him] away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. 58But Peter was followed him from a distance, right up to the courtyard of the high priest, and going inside he started sitting with the officers to see the end. 59Now the chief priests and the whole council9 were seeking false testimony against Jesus that they might put him to death, 60but they did not find [any], although many false witnesses came forward. Now finally two10 came forward 61and said, "This [fellow] said, 'I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build [it] in three days.'" 62And the high priest stood up and said to him, "Do you answer nothing? What [is it that] these [people] are testifying against you?" 63But Jesus kept quiet. And the high priest said to him, "I adjure you by the living God, that you tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God." 64Jesus said* to him, "You have said [it]. However, I say to you, from now [on] you will see the Son of man sitting at the right [hand] of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven." 65Then the high priest tore his clothes, saying, "He has blasphemed! What further need do we have for witnesses? Behold, now you have heard the blasphemy. 66What do you think?" And they answered by saying, "He is deserving of death." 67Then they spat on his face, and slugged him; and some slapped [him], 68saying, "Prophesy to us, [you] Christ! Who is it that struck you?"

Peter's Denial of Jesus
(Mk. 14:66-72; Lk. 22:56-62; Jn. 18:15-18, 25-27)

69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. And a maid came up to him, saying, "You also were with Jesus the Galilean." 70But he denied [it] before [them] all, saying, "I do not know what you are talking about." 71And when he went out to the porch, another [maid] saw him, and she said* to those who were there, "This [man] was with Jesus the Nazorean." 72And again he denied [it] with an oath, "I do not know the man." 73But after a little while those standing [around] came up and said to Peter, "Truly you are also [one] of them, for indeed your way of speaking makes [that] evident [about] you."

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9Greek sanhedrin
10Other ancient authorities read two false witnesses

Matthew 26

74Then he began cursing and swearing, "I do not know the man." And immediately a rooster crowed. 75And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which he had said, "Before a rooster crows, you will deny me three times." And he went outside and wept bitterly.

Jesus Brought Before Pilate
(Mk. 15:1; Lk. 23:1-2; Jn. 18:28-32)

271Now when morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus in order to put him to death. 2And when they had bound him, they led [him] away and delivered [him] to Pilate the governor.

The Death of Judas
(Acts 1:18-19)

3Then when Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that he was condemned, he regretted [it] and returned the thirty silver [coins] to the chief priests and the elders, 4saying, "I have sinned by betraying innocent1 blood." But they said, "What [is that] to us? See [to it] yourself." 5And throwing the silver [coins] into the temple sanctuary, he departed; and he went and hanged himself. 6But the chief priests, taking the silver [coins], said, "It is not permissible to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood." 7And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter's field as a burial ground for strangers. 8Therefore that field has been called the Field of Blood up to this day. 9Then was fulfilled what had been spoken through the prophet Jeremiah, saying, "And they2 took the thirty silver [coins], the price of the One whose price had been set, [the One on] whom some from among the sons of Israel had set a price, 10and they2 gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord ordered me."3

The Trial Before Pilate
(Mk. 15:2-15; Lk. 23:3-5, 13-25; Jn. 18:33-19:16)

11Now Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor questioned him, saying, "Are you the King of the Jews?" And Jesus replied, "You are saying [it]." 12And when he was being accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. 13Then Pilate said* to him, "Do you not hear how many

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1Other ancient authorities read righteous
2Other ancient authorities read I
3Zech. 11:12-13; Jer. 32:6-15; 18:2-3

Matthew 27

things they are testifying against you?" 14But he did not answer him, not even to a single charge;4 so that the governor was marveling greatly.

15Now at [the] feast the governor was accustomed to release to the crowd one prisoner for whom they were wishing. 16Now they had then a notorious prisoner, called Jesus Barabbas.5 17Therefore when they had gathered, Pilate said to them, "Whom do you wish me to release to you, Jesus Barabbas5 or Jesus who is called Christ?" 18For he knew that [it was] because of envy [that] they had delivered him up. 19And while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent [word] to him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered many things today in a dream because of him." 20Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds that they should ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus. 21And the governor responded by saying to them, "Which of the two do you wish me to release to you?" And they said, "Barabbas." 22Pilate said* to them, "Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?" They all said*, "Let him be crucified." 23And he said, "Why, what evil has he done?" But they started crying out even more, "Let him be crucified."

24Now when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather [that] a disturbance was arising, he took water and washed [his] hands before the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of this [man's] blood;6 see [to it] yourselves." 25And all the people answered by saying, "His blood [be] on us and on our children!" 26Then he released Barabbas to them, but when he had flogged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified.

Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers
(Mk. 15:16-20; Jn. 19:2-3)

27Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the praetorium and gathered the whole regiment before him. 28And they stripped7 him and put a scarlet [soldier's] cloak around him, 29and plaiting a crown of thorns they put [it] on his head and a reed in his right [hand]. And kneeling before him they mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" 30And they spat on him and took the reed and started hitting on his head. 31And when they had mocked him, they

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4Or, not even one word
5Other ancient authorities omit Jesus before Barabbas
6Other ancient authorities read this righteous blood or this righteous [man's] blood
7Other ancient authorities read clothed

Matthew 27

stripped the [soldier's] cloak [from] him, and put his [own] clothes on him, and led him away in order to crucify [him].

The Crucifixion of Jesus
(Mk. 15:21-41; Lk. 23:26-49; Jn. 19:17-30)

32And as they were going out, they found a man who was a Cyrenian, Simon by name; this [man] they forced to carry his cross. 33And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which is called "place of a skull"), 34they gave him wine to drink, mingled with gall; but when he tasted [it], he was not willing to drink [it]. 35Now when they had crucified him, they divided his clothes [among them by] throwing [gambling] lots.8 36And sitting down, they started keeping watch over him there. 37And over his head they put the charge against him, which was written, "This is Jesus the King of the Jews." 38Then two bandits were* crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left. 39Now those who passed by were slandering him, shaking their heads 40and saying, "[You] who would destroy the temple and build [it] in three days, save yourself, if you are the Son of God, and come down from the cross." 41The chief priests, with the scribes and elders were also mocking [him] like this by saying, 42"He saved others; he cannot save himself. He is the King of Israel; let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe on him. 43He trusts in God; let [God] rescue [him] now, if he wants him; for he said, 'I am the Son of God.'" 44And the bandits who were crucified with him were also reproaching him [in] the same [way].

45Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land9 until the ninth hour. 46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?" that is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"10 47Now when some of those who stood there heard [this], they started saying, "This [man] is calling Elijah." 48And immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, and filled [it] with vinegar and put [it] on a reed, and started giving [it] to him to drink. 49But the rest [of them] kept saying, "Let us see whether Elijah is coming to save him."11 50And Jesus again cried

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8Other ancient authorities add so that the word [spoken] by the prophet might be fulfilled, "They divided my clothes among themselves, and for my clothing they threw [gambling] lots." (from Ps. 22:18; see Jn. 19:24)
9Or, earth 10Ps. 22:1
11Other ancient authorities insert And another took a spear and pierced his side, and out came water and blood

Matthew 27

out with a loud voice and yielded up [his] spirit.

51And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split; 52and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, 53and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many. 54Now when the centurion and those who were with him, keeping watch over Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that happened, they were extremely afraid, saying, "Truly this was [the] Son12 of God!"

55And there were many women there, looking on from a distance, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him; 56among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

The Burial of Jesus
(Mk. 15:42-47; Lk. 23:50-56; Jn. 19:38-42)

57Now when it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also himself was a disciple of Jesus. 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded [for it] to be given [to him]. 59And Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen sheet, 60and laid it in his [own] new tomb, which he had hewn in the rock; and he rolled a large stone to the door of the tomb, and went away. 61And Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the sepulchre.

The Guard at the Tomb

62Now the next day, that is, after the [day of] Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate, 63saying, "Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was still alive, 'After three days I [am going to] rise again.' 64Therefore command [for] the sepulchre to be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples go and steal him away, and say to the people, 'He has risen from the dead,' and the last deception will be worse [than] the first." 65Pilate said to them, "You have a guard13 [of soldiers]; go, make [it as] secure as you know how." 66So they went and made the sepulchre secure by sealing the stone along with [setting] the guard [of soldiers].

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12Or, a son
13I.e., Take a guard

Matthew 28

The Resurrection of Jesus
(Mk. 16:1-11; Lk. 24:1-12; Jn. 20:1-18)

281Now after the sabbath, as it was growing light on the first [day] of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the sepulchre. 2And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone, and started sitting upon it. 3Now his appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow. 4And from fear of him those who were keeping watch shook and became like dead [men]. 5And in response the angel said to the women, "Quit being afraid; for I know that you are seeking Jesus who has been crucified. 6He is not here; for he has been raised, as he said. Come, see the place where he1 was lying. 7Then go quickly and tell his disciples that he has risen from the dead, and behold, he is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him. Behold, I have told you." 8And they departed quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to tell his disciples. 9And behold, Jesus met them, saying, "Hello!" And they came up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him. 10Then Jesus said* to them, "Quit being afraid; go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee, and there they will see me."

The Report of the Guard

11Now while they were going, behold, some of the guard went into the city and told the chief priests all that had happened. 12And when they had assembled with the elders and taken counsel, they gave a considerable sum of money to the soldiers, 13saying, "Say [to people], 'His disciples came by night and stole him [away] while we were asleep.' 14And if the governor hears about this, we will persuade him and keep you free from worry." 15And they took the money and did as they were taught; and this story has been spread widely among the Jews until this day.

The Giving of the Great Commission
(Mk. 16:14-18; Lk. 24:36-49; Acts 1:4-8)

16Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had appointed for them. 17And when they saw him they worshiped [him]; but some doubted. 18And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing2 them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the

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1Other ancient authorities read the Lord
2Greek baptizō means immerse

Matthew 28

Holy Spirit, 20teaching them to keep observing all that I have commanded you; and behold, I am with you always,3 until the completion of the age."

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3Lit., all the days


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