The Preaching of John the Baptist
(Mt. 3:1-12; Lk. 3:1-18; Jn. 1:19-28)

11The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.1 2Just as it is written in Isaiah the prophet,2

"Behold, I am sending my messenger before your face,
who will prepare your way;
3the voice of one crying in the wilderness:
'Prepare the way of the Lord;
make his paths straight'"3--
4[so] John appeared, who was baptizing4 in the wilderness and preaching5a baptism6 of repentance for7 the forgiveness of sins. 5And [people from] all the country of Judea and all the residents of Jerusalem were going out to him. And they were being baptized4 by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. 6And John was clothed with camel's hair and a leather belt around his waist, and was eating grasshoppers and wild honey. 7And he was preaching, saying, "The One who is mightier than I is coming after me, the strap of whose shoes I am not fit to stoop down and unloose. 8I have baptized4 you [in] water; but he will baptize4 you in the Holy Spirit."

The Baptism of Jesus
(Mt. 3:13-17; Lk. 3:21-22; Jn. 1:29-34)

9And it happened [that] in those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized4 by John in7 the Jordan. 10And immediately when he came up out of the water, he saw the heavens tearing open and the Spirit descending into him like a dove. 11And a voice came from heaven, "You are my beloved Son;8 with you I am well pleased."

1Other ancient authorities omit the Son of God
2Other ancient authorities read in the prophets
3Mal. 3:1; Is. 40:3
4Greek baptizō means immerse
5Other ancient authorities read John the baptizer appeared in the wilderness, preaching; still others read John appeared, baptizing in the wilderness and preaching
6Greek baptisma means immersion
7Lit., into
8Or, my Son, the Beloved

Mark 1

The Temptation of Jesus
(Mt. 4:1-11; Lk. 4:1-13)

12And immediately the Spirit drove* him out into the wilderness. 13And he was in the wilderness forty days, being tempted by Satan; and he was with the wild beasts; and the angels were ministering to him.

The Beginning of the Galilean Ministry
(Mt. 4:12-17; Lk. 4:14-15; Jn. 4:1-3)

14And after John was delivered up [to prison], Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of God, 15and saying, "The time has been fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near; start repenting and believing in the gospel."

The Calling of Four Fishermen
(Mt. 4:18-22; Lk. 5:1-11)

16And passing along by the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew the brother of Simon casting a net in the sea; for they were fishermen. 17And Jesus said to them, "Follow me and I will make you become fishers of men." 18And immediately they left [their] nets and followed him. 19And going on a little farther, he saw James the [son] of Zebedee and John his brother, and they [were] in [their] boat mending the nets. 20And immediately he called them; and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and went after him.

The Man with an Unclean Spirit
(Lk. 4:31-37)

21And they went* to Capernaum; and immediately on the sabbath he entered into the synagogue and started teaching. 22And they were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them like [one] who had authority, and not like the scribes. 23And immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; 24and he cried out, saying, "What have we to do with you, Jesus [you] Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are, the Holy One of God." 25And Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Hold your tongue,9 and come out of him!" 26And the unclean spirit, convulsing him and crying with a loud voice, came out of him. 27And they were all amazed, so that they were discussing [it among themselves], saying, "What is this? A new teaching with authority! And he commands10 the unclean spirits, and they obey him!"

9Lit., be muzzled
10Or, teaching! With authority he commands even

Mark 1

28And immediately his fame spread everywhere into the whole region around Galilee.

The Healing of Many
(Mt. 8:14-17; Lk. 4:38-41)

29And immediately they11 went out of the synagogue and went into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 30Now Simon's mother-in-law was lying [there] sick with a fever, and immediately they told* him about her. 31And he came and took [her] by the hand and lifted her up, and the fever left her; and she started serving them.

32Now with the coming of evening, when the sun went down, they started bringing to him all those who were ill and those who were demon-possessed. 33And the whole city was gathered together at the door. 34And he cured many who were ill with various diseases, and cast out many demons; and he was not permitting the demons to speak, because they knew him.12

A Preaching Tour
(Mt. 4:23; Lk. 4:42-44)

35And very early in the morning, rising up while it was still night, he went out and departed to a desolate place, and there he started praying. 36And Simon and those who were with him hunted for him, 37and they found him and said* to him, "Everyone is searching for13 you." 38And he said* to them, "Let us go elsewhere14 into the neighboring towns, so that I may preach there also; for I came out for this [reason]." 39And he went into all Galilee, preaching in their synagogues and casting out demons.

The Cleansing of a Leper
(Mt. 8:1-4; Lk. 5:12-16)

40And a leper came* to him appealing to him, and kneeling15 said to him, "If you are willing, you can make me clean." 41And moved with pity,16 he stretched out [his] hand and touched him, and said* to him, "I am willing; be made clean." 42And immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was made clean. 43And he sternly warned him and immediately sent him away, 44and said*

11Other ancient authorities read he
12Other ancient authorities add to be the Christ (see Luke 4:41)
13Lit., seeking
14Or, in another direction
15Other ancient authorities omit kneeling; others read kneeling to him
16Other ancient authorities read being angry; one authority omits both

Mark 1

said* to him, "See that you tell no one anything [about this]; but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing the things which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.17 45But he went out and began preaching freely [about it] and spreading the word, so that Jesus18 could no longer openly enter into a city, but was out in desolate places. And [people] were coming to him from all directions.

The Healing of a Paralytic
(Mt. 9:1-8; Lk. 5:17-26)

21And when he came to Capernaum again after [some] days, it was heard that he was at home. 2And many were gathered together, so that there was no longer room [for them], not even at the door; and he was speaking the word to them. 3And they came*, bringing to him a paralytic carried by four [men]. 4And when they could not bring [the man] to1 him because of the crowd, they removed the roof above where he was; and when they had dug out [an opening], they let down the pallet on which the paralytic was lying. 5And when Jesus saw their faith, he said* to the paralytic, "Child, your sins are forgiven." 6Now some of the scribes were sitting there and reasoning in their hearts: 7"Why does this [man] speak like this? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins except for One, [that is], God?" 8And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they were reasoning within themselves like this, he said* to them, "Why are you reasoning these things in your hearts? 9Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, 'Your sins are forgiven,' or to say, 'Rise and take up your pallet and start walking'? 10But so that you may know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins"--he said* to the paralytic--11"I say to you, rise, take up your pallet and go to your house." 12And he rose, and immediately took up the pallet and went out before [them] all; so that they were all astounded and were glorifying God, saying, "We never saw [anything] like this!"

The Calling of Levi
(Mt. 9:9-13; Lk. 5:27-32)

13And he went out again beside the sea; and all the crowd came to him, and he started teaching them. 14And as he was passing on, he saw Levi the [son] of Alphaeus sitting at the tax office, and he said* to him, "Start following me."

17Lev. 14:2ff.
18Lit., he
1Other ancient authorities read come near or come to

Mark 2

And he rose and followed him.

15And it happened [that] he was sitting [at the table] in his house, and many tax collectors and sinners were sitting with Jesus and his disciples; for there were many and they were following him. 16And when the scribes of2 the Pharisees saw that he was eating with sinners and tax collectors, they started saying to his disciples, "Does he eat3 with tax collectors and sinners?" 17And when Jesus heard [this], he said* to them, "Those who are well have no need for a doctor, but those who are ill. I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners."

The Question about Fasting
(Mt. 9:14-17; Lk. 5:33-39)

18And John's desciples and the Pharisees were fasting; and they came* and said* to him, "Why do John's disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?" 19And Jesus said to them, "The sons of the bridal chamber4 cannot fast while the bridegroom is with them, [can they]? As long as5 they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. 20But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in that day. 21No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak; otherwise the patch pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear is made. 22And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise, the wine will burst the wineskins, and the wine is destroyed, and [so are] the wineskins; but new wine [is put] into fresh wineskins."6

Picking Grain on the Sabbath
(Mt. 12:1-8; Lk. 6:1-5)

23And it happened [that] on the sabbath he was going through the grainfields; and his disciples began making [their] way picking the heads of grain. 24And the Pharisees started saying to him, "Look, why are they doing what is not permissible on the sabbath?" 25And he said* to them, "Have you never read what David did, when he had a need and was hungry, he and those [who were] with him: 26how he entered into the house of God in [the time of]

2Other ancient authorities read and
3Other ancient authorities add and drink
4I.e., the bridegroom's attendants
5Lit., As long a time as
6Other ancient authorities omit but new wine [is put] into fresh wineskins

Mark 2

Abiathar [the] high priest,7 and ate the bread of the presentation, which it is not permissible [for any] except the priests to eat, and also gave [it] to those who were with him?"8 27And he continued saying to them, "The sabbath was made because of man, and not man because of the sabbath; 28so the Son of man is lord even of the sabbath."

The Man with a Withered Hand
(Mt. 12:9-14; Lk. 6:6-11)

31And again he entered into the synagogue, and there was a man there who had a withered hand. 2And they were watching him [to see] whether he would cure him on the sabbath, so that they might accuse him. 3And he said* to the man who had the withered hand, "Rise, [stand here] in the middle." 4And he said* to them, "Is it permissible on the sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?" But they kept quiet. 5And he looked around at them with wrath, grieved at the callousness of their heart, and said* to the man, "Stretch out [your] hand." And he stretched [it] out, and his hand was restored. 6And the Pharisees went out, and immediately started holding counsel with the Herodians against him, [as to] how they might destroy him.

A Multitude by the Sea
(Mt. 4:25; 12:15-16; Lk. 4:41; 6:17-19)

7And Jesus withdrew with his disciples to the sea, and a large multitude from Galilee followed; also from Judea 8and from Jerusalem and from Idumea and [from] the other side of the Jordan and [from] around Tyre and Sidon a large multitude, hearing what all he was doing, came to him. 9And he told his disciples that a small boat should be standing ready for him because of the crowd, lest they should be pushing on him; 10for he had cured many, so that as many as had illnesses were pressing on him to touch him. 11And whenever the unclean spirits were observing him, they were falling down before him and crying out, saying, "You are the Son of God." 12And he was strictly warning them that they should not make him known.

The Appointing of the Twelve
(Mt. 10:1-4; Lk. 6:12-16)

13And he went* up onto the mountain and called* to [him] those [for] whom he was wishing; and they came to him. 14And he appointed twelve, whom he also

7Other ancient authorities omit in [the time of] Abiathar [the] high priest; others include the before high priest
8I Sam. 21:1-6; Lev. 24:9

Mark 3

named apostles,1 so that they might be with him, and so that he might send them out to preach 15and to have authority to cast out demons. 16And he appointed the twelve,2 even Simon, [to whom] he gave the name Peter, 17and James the [son] of Zebedee and John the brother of James (and he gave them the name Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder), 18and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Cananaean,3 19and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

(Mt. 9:32-34; 12:22-32; Lk. 11:14-23; 12:10)

And he went* to [his] house; 20and the crowd came* together again, so that they could not even eat [their] bread. 21And when his family heard [about it], they went out to seize him, for they were saying, "He is beside himself." 22And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem were saying, "He has [the demon] Beelzebul,"4 and "He casts out the demons by the prince of the demons." 23And he called them to [him], and started saying to them in parables, "How can Satan cast out Satan? 24And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. 25And if a household is divided against itself, that household will not be able to stand. 26And if Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but has an end. 27But no one can enter a strong [man's] house to plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong [man]; then indeed he will plunder his house.

28"Truly, I say to you, all kinds of sins and blasphemies will be forgiven the sons of men, whatever they might blaspheme; 29but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin"--30because they were saying, "He has an unclean spirit."

Jesus' Mother and Brothers
(Mt. 12:46-50; Lk. 8:19-21)

31And his mother and his brothers came*; and standing outside they sent [a message] to him, calling him. 32And a crowd was sitting around him; and they said* to him, "Behold, your mother and your brothers and your sisters5 are

1Other ancient authorities omit whom he also named apostles
2Other ancient authorities omit And he appointed the twelve
3Aramaic for zealot
4One ancient authority reads Beezebul; other authorities read Beelzebub
5Other ancient authorities omit and your sisters

Mark 3

outside seeking you." 33And he answered* them by saying, "Who are my mother and my brothers?" 34And looking around at those sitting in a circle around him, he said*, "See my mother and my brothers! 35Whoever does the will of God is my brother, and sister, and mother."

The Parable of the Sower
(Mt. 13:1-9; Lk. 8:4-8)

41And again he began teaching beside the sea. And a very large crowd gathered to him, so that he got into a boat to sit down in [it on] the sea. And all the crowd was by the sea on the land. 2And he was teaching them many things in parables and saying to them in his teaching: 3"Listen! Behold, a sower went out to sow. 4And it happened [that] as he was sowing, some [seed] fell beside the road, and the birds came and devoured it. 5And other [seed] fell on rocky [ground], where it did not have much soil, and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of soil; 6and when the sun rose it was scorched, and because it had no root it withered away. 7And other [seed] fell among thorns and the thorns came up and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 8And other [seeds] fell into good soil and started yielding fruit, coming up and growing and bearing thirty times [as much] and sixty times [as much] and a hundred times [as much]." 9And he continued saying, "[He] who has ears to hear, let him hear."

The Purpose of Parables
(Mt. 13:10-17; Lk. 8:9-10)

10And when he was alone, those who were around him with the twelve started asking him [about] the parables. 11And he continued saying to them, "To you has been given the mystery of the kingdom of God, but to those outside everything is in parables; 12so that seeing they may see and [yet] not perceive, and hearing they may hear and [yet] not comprehend; lest they should turn and [their sin] should be forgiven them."

The Explanation of the Parable of the Sower
(Mt. 13:18-23; Lk. 8:11-15)

13And he said* to them, "Do you not know [what] this parable [means]? And how will you know [what] all the parables [mean]? 14The sower sows the word. 15And these are the ones beside the road, where the word is sown. And whenever they hear, Satan immediately comes and takes away the word which has been sown in them. 16And these are the ones sown on rocky [ground], who, whenever they hear the word, immediately receive it with joy; 17and they have no root in themselves, but are temporary; then, when tribulation or

Mark 4

persecution happens because of the word, immediately they are ensnared [so as to fall away]. 18And others are the ones sown among the thorns; these are the ones who hear the word, 19and [yet] the worries of [this] age, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the desires for other things, enter in and choke the word, and it is unfruitful. 20But those that were sown on the good soil are the ones who hear the word and accept [it] and bear fruit, thirty times [as much] and sixty times [as much] and a hundred times [as much]."

The Parables of the Lamp and the Measure
(Mt. 5:15; 7:2; 10:26; 13:12; Lk. 8:16-18)

21And he continued saying to them, "A lamp is not brought in to be put under a peck-measure or under a cot, [is it]? [Is it] not [brought in] to be put on a lampstand? 22For there is not anything secret, except to be made apparent; nor has [anything] been hidden, but to come into the open. 23If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear."

24And he continued saying to them, "Look out [as to] what you hear; the measure with which you measure out will be used to measure out to you, and [still more] will be added to you. 25For [he] who has, [more] will be given to him; and [he] who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him."

The Parable of the Growing Seed

26And he continued saying, "The kingdom of God is like this, as [if] a man should throw seed on the ground, 27and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should sprout and grow in length, [though] he does not know [how]. 28The ground bears fruit by itself, first the blade, then the head, then the full grain of wheat in the head. 29But whenever the crop is ripe,1 immediately he puts in the sickle, because the harvest has come."

The Parable of the Mustard Seed
(Mt. 13:31-32; Lk. 13:18-19)

30And he continued saying, "How might we say what the kingdom of God is like? Or with what parable might we present it? 31[It is] as a grain of mustard seed, which, whenever it is sown on the ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on earth; 32and [yet] whenever it is sown it comes up and becomes the greatest of all the herbs, and produces large branches, so that the birds of the sky can nest under its shade."

1Lit., fruit permits

Mark 4

Jesus' Use of Parables
(Mt. 13:34-35)

33And with many such parables he was speaking the word to them, as they were able to hear [it]. 34Now he was not speaking to them without a parable, but privately he was interpreting everything to [his] own disciples.

The Calming of a Storm
(Mt. 8:23-27; Lk. 8:22-25)

35And on that day, when evening had come, he said* to them, "Let us go over to the other side." 36And leaving the crowd, they took* him along, [just] as he was, in the boat. And other boats were with him. 37And a great windstorm arose*, and the waves were beating into the boat, so that the boat was already filling. 38And he was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they woke* him and said* to him, "Teacher, does it not matter to you that we are perishing?" 39And being awakened, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, "Hush! Be still!" And the wind stopped and there was a great calm. 40And he said to them, "Why are you cowardly? Do you not yet2 have faith?" 41And they were filled with great fear,3 and started saying to one another, "Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?"

The Healing of the Gerasene Demoniac
(Mt. 8:28-34; Lk. 8:26-39)

51And they came to the other side of the sea, to the country of the Gerasenes.1 2And when he had come out to the boat, immediately [there] met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit, 3who had [his] dwelling in the tombs; and no one could bind him any more, not even with a chain; 4because he had often been bound with shackles and chains, but the chains had been torn apart by him, and the shackles had been broken in pieces; and no one was strong [enough] to tame him. 5And always night and day among the tombs and in the mountains he was crying out, and cutting himself with stones. 6And when he saw Jesus from a distance, he ran and worshiped2 him; 7and crying out with a loud voice, he said*, "What have I to do with you, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I adjure you by God, do not torment me." 8For he kept saying to


Ch.4:2Other ancient authorities read cowardly like this? How [is it that] you do not; others read cowardly like this? Do you not yet

3Lit., afraid with great fear

Ch. 5: 1Other ancient authorities read Gergesenes; some read Gadarenes

2Or, prostrated himself before

Mark 5

him, "Come out of the man, [you] unclean spirit!" 9Also, he kept asking him, "What [is] your name?" And [the spirit] said* to him, "My name [is] Legion; because we are many." 10And he started appealing to him earnestly that he would not send them outside the country. 11Now there close to the mountain a large herd of pigs was feeding; 12and [the demons] appealed to him, saying, "Send us into the pigs, so that we may enter into them." 13And he gave them permission. And the unclean spirits came out, and entered into the pigs; and the herd, [numbering] about two thousand, rushed down the steep bank into the sea, and were drowned in the sea.

14And those who fed them fled, and told [it] in the city and in the country. And [people] came to see what it was that had happened. 15And they came* to Jesus, and observed* the demon-possessed [man] who had had the legion sitting there, clothed and sane; and they were afraid. 16And those who had seen [it] related to them how [this] had happened to the demon-possessed [man] and about the pigs. 17And they began appealing to Jesus3 to depart from their region. 18And as he was getting into the boat, the man who had been demon- possessed started appealing to him that he might be with him. 19And [yet] he did not let him, but said* to him, "Go to your home to your [own people], and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and [how] he had mercy on you." 20And he went away and began preaching in the Decapolis how much Jesus did for him; and everyone was marveling.

The Healing of a Hemorrhaging Woman and Raising of a Dead Girl
(Mt. 9:18-26; Lk. 8:40-56)

21And when Jesus had crossed again in the boat to the other side, a large crowd gathered to him; and he was beside the sea. 22And one of the synagogue rulers, Jairus by name, came*, and seeing him, fell* at his feet. 23And he appealed* to him earnestly, saying, "My little daughter is at the point of death. Please come and lay [your] hands on her, so that she may be made well,4 and live." 24And he went with him.

And a large crowd was following him and pressing on him. 25And [there was] a woman who had had a flow of blood for twelve years, 26and who had suffered many things under many doctors, and had spent all that she had, and was no better but rather worse. 27When she heard about Jesus, she came up behind [him] in the crowd and touched his cloak. 28For she was saying, "If I

3Lit., him
4Lit., saved

Mark 5

touch even his clothes, I shall be made well."4 29And immediately the source of her bleeding5 dried up; and she felt in [her] body that she was healed of the illness. 30And immediately, when Jesus perceived in himself that power had gone out from him, he turned around in the crowd, and started saying, "Who touched my clothes?" 31And his disciples were saying to him, "You see the crowd pressing on you, and [yet] you are saying, 'Who touched me?'" 32And he kept looking around to see who had done this. 33But the woman, knowing what had happened in her, came with fear and trembling and fell down before him, and told him all the truth. 34And he said to her, "Daughter, your faith has made you well;4 go in peace, and be healthy, [free] from your illness."

35While he was still speaking, there came* from the synagogue ruler's [house some] who said, "Your daughter is dead. Why bother the Teacher any further?" 36But overhearing6 what7 was being spoken, Jesus said* to the ruler of the synagogue, "Quit being afraid, only keep believing." 37And he did not let anyone follow along with him except Peter and James and John the brother of James. 38And they came* to the house of the ruler of the synagogue. And he saw* a commotion, and people weeping and wailing loudly. 39And when he had entered, he said* to them, "Why are you making a commotion and weeping? The child is not dead but sleeping." 40And they started laughing at him. But putting them all outside, he took* the child's father and mother and those who were with him, and went* in where the child was. 41And taking the child by the hand he said* to her, "Talitha koum"; which means when translated, "Lass, I say to you, arise." 42And immediately the lass got up and started walking; for she was twelve years [old]. And immediately they were astounded with great surprise. 43And he strictly ordered them that no one should know this, and said that [something] should be given her to eat.

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
(Mt. 13:53-58; Lk. 4:16-30)

61He went out from there and came* to his hometown; and he disciples followed* him. 2And when the sabbath came, he began teaching in the

4Lit., saved
5Lit., spring of her blood
6Or, ignoring. Other ancient authorities read hearing
7Lit., the word [that]

Mark 6

synagogue; and1 many who heard [him] were astonished, saying, "From where [did] this [man get] these things? And what [is] the wisdom given to him? And [how are] such miracles being done through his hands? 3Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary2 and brother of James and Joses and Jude and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?" And they were being ensnared [in sin] by [rejecting] him. 4And Jesus continued saying to them, "A prophet is not without honor, except in his hometown, and among his relatives, and in his household." 5And he could not do any miracle there, except [that] he laid [his] hands on a few sick [people] and cured [them]. 6And he marveled because of their unbelief.

And he started going around among the villages teaching.

The Sending Out of the Twelve
(Mt. 10:1, 7-14; Lk. 9:1-6)

7And he called* to [him] the twelve, and began sending them out two [by] two. And he was giving them authority [over] the unclean spirits. 8And he commanded them to take nothing for [their] journey except only a staff; no bread, no bag, no copper [money] in [their] belt; 9but, [he said], "When you have fastened on [your] sandals, do not also put on two tunics." 10And he continued saying to them, "Wherever you enter into a house, stay there until you depart from there. 11And whatever place does not receive you nor listen to you, when you leave from there, shake off the dirt that is under your feet for a testimony against them." 12And they departed and preached that [people] should repent. 13And they were casting out many demons, and anointing with olive oil many who were sick and curing [them].

The Death of John the Baptist
(Mt. 14:1-12; Lk. 3:19-20; 9:7-9)

14And King Herod heard [about Jesus]; for his name had become well-known. And [some] were3 saying, "John the baptizer has been raised from the dead, and for this [reason] miraculous powers are at work in him." 15But others were saying, "He is Elijah." And [still] others were saying, "[He is] a prophet, like one of the prophets [of old]." 16But when Herod heard [about him], he kept saying, "[He is] John, whom I beheaded; he has been raised." 17For Herod himself had sent and seized John, and bound him in jail because of Herodias,

1Other ancient authorities insert the
2Other ancient authorities read this the son of the carpenter and Mary
3Other ancient authorities read he was

Mark 6

his brother Philip's wife; because he had married her. 18For John used to say to Herod, "It is not permissible for you to have your brother's wife." 19Now Herodias had it in for him and was wishing to kill him. But she could not, 20for Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and was protecting him. And when he heard him, he was much perplexed;4 and [yet] he kept hearing him gladly. 21But a day of opportunity came when Herod on his birthday made a supper for his courtiers and the colonels and the prominent [men] of Galilee. 22And when his [step-]daughter by Herodias5 came in and danced, she pleased Herod and the [guests] sitting with [him]. And the king said to the lass, "Ask me for whatever you wish, and I will give [it] to you." 23And he swore earnestly to her, "Whatever you might ask me for, I will give you, up to half my kingdom." 24And she went out and said to her mother, "What should I ask for?" And she said, "The head of John the baptizer." 25And she came in immediately with haste to the king, and asked, saying, "I wish that you would give me at once the head of John the Baptist on a platter." 26And the king was very sorry; [but] because of his oaths and the [guests] sitting [at the table] he did not wish to reject her. 27And immediately the king sent an executioner6 and commanded [him] to bring his head. And he went and beheaded him in the jail, 28and brought his head on a platter, and gave it to the lass; and the lass gave it to her mother. 29And when his disciples heard [about it], they came and took his corpse, and laid it in a tomb.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand
(Mt. 14:13-21; Lk. 9:10-17; Jn. 6:1-14)

30And the apostles gathered* to Jesus, and told him all that they had done and that they had taught. 31And he said* to them, "Come away privately by yourselves to a desolate place, and rest a little." For many were coming and going, and they did not even have an opportunity to eat. 32And they privately went away in the boat to a desolate place. 33Now many saw them going, and knew them, and together they ran there on foot from all the cities, and got [there] ahead of them. 34And when he got out he saw a large crowd, and he had pity on them, because they were like sheep that did not have a shepherd; and he began

4Other ancient authorities read was doing many things
5Or, his daughter Herodias. Other ancient authorities read the daughter of Herodias herself; other authorities read the daughter of Herodias
6Or, a bodyguard

Mark 6

teaching them many things. 35And when the hour was already late, his disciples came to him and started saying, "[This] place is desolate, and the hour [is] already late; 36send them away, so that they may go into the country and villages round about and buy themselves something to eat." 37But he answered by saying to them, "You give them [something] to eat." And they said* to him, "Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii's7 [worth] of bread, and give [it] to them to eat?" 38And he said* to them, "How many loaves do you have? Go and see." And when they knew they said*, "Five, and two fish." 39And he commanded them to make everyone sit down company [by] company on the green grass. 40And they sat down group [by] group, by hundreds and by fifties. 41And he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed and broke the loaves, and started giving [them] to his disciples to be setting before the people;8 and he divided the two fish [among] everyone. 42And they all ate and were satisfied. 43And they took up twelve baskets full of broken pieces and of the fish. 44And those who ate the loaves were five thousand [just counting] men.

Walking on the Water
(Mt. 14:22-33; Jn. 6:15-21)

45And immediately he made his disciples get into the boat and start going before [him] to the other side, to Bethsaida, while he sent away the crowd. 46And after he had said good-bye to them, he went onto the mountain to pray. 47And when it was evening, the boat was in the middle of the sea, and he [was] alone on the land. 48And he saw that they were harassed in rowing, for the wind was against them. [So] about the fourth watch of the night he came* to them, walking on the sea. And he wished to pass by them, 49but when they saw him walking on the sea they thought it was a ghost, and cried out; 50for they all saw him, and were terrified. But immediately he spoke with them and said* to them, "Have courage, it is I; quit being afraid." 51And he got into the boat with them and the wind stopped. And they were very greatly astounded within themselves,9 52for they did not comprehend regarding the loaves, but their heart had become callous.

7A denarius was a day's wages for a common laborer.
8Lit., them
9Other ancient authorities read themselves and marveled

Mark 6

The Healings at Gennesaret
(Mt. 14:34-36)

53And when they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret, and moored to the shore. 54And when they got out of the boat, immediately [the people] recognized him, 55and ran about the whole region and began carrying around those who were ill on their pallets [to any place] where they heard he was. 56And wherever he was going--into villages or into cities or into the country--they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and started appealing to him that they might touch even the tassel of his cloak; and as many as touched it were being made well.

The Traditions of the Elders
(Mt. 15:1-9)

71And there gathered together to him the Pharisees and some of the scribes, who had come from Jerusalem. 2And they saw that some of his disciples ate [their] bread with defiled hands, that is, unwashed. 3(For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, do not eat unless they ceremonially1 wash [their] hands, holding to the traditions of the elders; 4and [when they come] from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they immerse [themselves];2 and there are many other [traditions] which they have received to hold: the immersings of cups and pots and copper vessels and cots.3) 5And the Pharisees and the scribes asked* him, "Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat [their] bread with defiled hands?" 6And he said to them, "Well did Isaiah prophesy about you hypocrites, as it is written,

'This people honors me with [their] lips,
but their heart is far away from me;
7and in vain they do worship me,
teaching [as] doctrines the commandments of men.'4
8You have left the commandment of God, and are holding to the tradition of men." 9And he continued saying to them, "You well reject the commandment of
1Lit., with a fist; the exact ceremony referred to is uncertain. Other ancient authorities omit with a fist; still other ancient authorities read frequently
2Other ancient authorities read sprinkle [themselves]; or, and they do not eat [anything] from the marketplace unless they sprinkle [it]
3Other ancient authorities omit and cots 4Is. 29:13

Mark 7

God, so that you may establish5 your tradition! 10For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother';6 and, 'The one who speaks evil of father or mother must meet [his] end by death.'7 11But you say, 'If a man says to [his] father or [his] mother, [I have given as] Corban (that is, a gift [to God]) whatever you might have gained from me--12[then] you no longer permit him to do anything for [his] father or [his] mother, 13[thus] making void the word of God through your tradition which you have delivered on. And you do many such things like [this]."

Defilement from the Heart
(Mt. 15:10-20)

14And he called the crowd to [him] again, and started saying to them, "Hear me, all [of you], and comprehend: 15there is nothing outside a man which [by] going into him can defile him; but the things which come out of a man are what defile a man."8 17And when he had entered into [his] house [away] from the crowd, his disciples started asking him [about] the parable. 18And he said* to them, "So are you also without comprehension? Do you not understand that anything which enters into a man from outside cannot defile him, 19because it does not enter into his heart, but into [his] stomach, and proceeds into the latrine?" ([Thus] he declared all foods clean.) 20But he continued saying, "That which proceeds out of a man--that [is what] defiles a man. 21For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, [acts of] fornication, theft, murder, adultery, 22greed, [and] wickedness, deceit, unrestrained sensuality, a grudging9 eye, slander,10 pride, senselessness. 23All these wicked things proceed from within, and they defile a man."

The Syrophoenician Woman
(Mt. 15:21-28)

24Now from there he arose and went away into the region of Tyre.11 And he entered into a house, and was wishing that no one would know [about it]; and [yet] he could not escape notice. 25But immediately a woman, whose little

5Other ancient authorities read keep
6Ex. 20:12; Deut. 5:16 7Ex. 20:17; Lev. 20:19
8Other ancient authorities include verse 16, "If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear."
9Lit., wicked 10Or, blasphemy
11Other ancient authorities read Tyre and Sidon

Mark 7

daughter continually had an unclean spirit, heard about him, and came and fell down at his feet. 26Now the woman was a Greek, a Syrophoenician by race. And she started requesting for him to cast the demon out of her daughter. 27And he kept saying to her, "Let the children first be fed,12 for it is not good to take the children's bread and throw [it] to the lap-dogs." 28But she answered* by saying to him, "Lord,13 even the lap-dogs under the table eat from the children's crumbs." 29And he said to her, "Because of this saying: go [your way]; the demon has gone out of your daughter." 30And she went to her house, and found the child lying on the cot, and the demon having gone.

The Healing of a Deaf Man with a Speech Impediment
(Mt. 15:29-31)

31Then he again left from the region of Tyre, and went through Sidon to the Sea of Galilee, through the midst of the region of the Decapolis. 32And they brought* to him a man who was deaf14 and had a speech impediment; and they appealed* to him to lay [his] hand on him. 33And taking him aside from the crowd privately, he put his fingers into his ears, and he spat and touched his tongue; 34and looking up to heaven, he sighed,15 and said* to him, "Ephphatha," that is, "Be opened." 35And immediately his ears were opened, and the bond of his tongue was loosed, and he started speaking plainly. 36And he ordered them to tell no one; but the more he kept ordering them, the more exceedingly they were preaching [it]. 37And they were being astonished beyond measure, saying, "He has done all things well; he even makes the deaf14 hear and the mute speak."

The Feeding of the Four Thousand
(Mt. 15:32-39)

81In those days, when again a large crowd had [gathered], and they did not have anything to eat, he called the disciples to [him], and said* to them, 2"I have pity on the crowd, because they have already remained with me three days, and do not have anything to eat; 3and if I send them away fasting to their homes, they will faint on the way; and some of them have [come] from far away." 4And his disciples answered him, "Where will anyone be able [to get enough] bread to satisfy these [people] here in the wilderness?" 5And he

12Lit., satisfied
13Other ancient authorities read Yes, Lord
14Lit., deaf-mute
15Or, groaned

Mark 8

started asking them, "How many loaves do you have?" And they said, "Seven." 6And he commanded* the crowd to sit down on the ground; and he took the seven loaves, and having given thanks he broke [them] and started giving [them] to his disciples to be setting before [the people]; and they set [them] before the crowd. 7And they had a few small fish; and having blessed them, he said [for] these also to be set before [the people]. 8And they ate, and were satisfied; and they took up seven baskets1 of broken pieces left over. 9Now there were about four thousand [who ate]. And he sent them away. 10And immediately he got into the boat with his disciples, and went to the district of Dalmanutha.2

The Demand for a Sign
(Mt. 12:38-39; 16:1, 4; Lk. 11:16, 29)

11And the Pharisees came forward and began debating with him, seeking from him a sign from heaven, to test him. 12And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and said*, "Why does this generation seek a sign? Truly, I say to you, no sign shall be given to this generation." 13And he left them, and getting [into the boat] again he went away to the other side.

The Leaven of the Pharisees and of Herod
(Mt. 16:5-12; Lk. 12:1)

14And [the disciples] had forgotten to take [any] bread; and except for one loaf they did not have [any bread] with them in the boat. 15And he started giving them orders, saying, "Take heed [and] look out for the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod."3 16And they started reasoning with one another [that he said this] because they had* no bread.4 17And knowing [about this, Jesus] said* to them, "Why are you reasoning [that I said this] because you have no bread? Do you not yet understand nor comprehend? Do you have your heart calloused? 18Having eyes do you not see, and having ears do you not hear? And do you not remember? 19When I broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you pick up? They said* to him, "Twelve." 20"[And] when [I broke] the seven for the four thousand, how many baskets1 full of broken pieces did you pick up?" And they

1Or, hampers
2Other ancient authorities read Magedan or Magdala
3Other ancient authorities read the Herodians
4Other ancient authorities read another, saying, "[It is] because we have no bread."

Mark 8

said* to him, "Seven." 21And he was saying to them, "Do you not yet comprehend?"

The Healing of a Blind Man at Bethsaida

22And they came* to Bethsaida. And [some people] brought* a blind man to him and appealed* to him to touch him. 23And he took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the village; and when he had spit on his eyes [and] laid [his] hands on him, he started asking him, "Do you see anything?" 24And he looked up and kept saying, "I see men, because [they] look to me like trees, walking." 25Then again he laid [his] hands on his eyes; and he looked with [his eyes] wide open and was restored, and started seeing everything clearly. 26And he sent him away to his home, saying, "Do not even enter into the village."5

Peter's Confession about Jesus
(Mt. 16:13-20; Lk. 9:18-21; Jn. 6:67-69)

27And Jesus and his disciples went on to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way he started questioning his disciples, saying to them, "Who do men say that I am?" 28And they told him, saying, "John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, One of the prophets." 29And he started questioning them, "But who do you say that I am?" Peter answered* by saying to him, "You are the Christ." 30And he warned them to tell no one about him.

Jesus' First Prediction of His Death and Resurrection
(Mt. 16:21-23; Lk. 9:22)

31And he began teaching them that the Son of man had to suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise. 32And he was speaking [about] the subject6 openly. And Peter took him aside and began rebuking him. 33But turning around and seeing his disciples, he rebuked Peter, and said*, "Get behind me, Satan! Because you are not thinking [about] the things of God, but [about] the things of men."

Conditions of Discipleship
(Mt. 16:24-28; Lk. 9:23-27; Jn. 12:25)

34And he called the crowd to [him], [along] with his disciples, and said to them, "If anyone wishes to come after me, he must deny himself and take up

5Other ancient authorities read Do not even enter into the village, nor tell anyone in the village; one authority reads Tell no one in the village
6Lit., word

Mark 8

his cross and keep following me. 35For whoever wishes to save his life7 will lose it; and whoever will lose his life7 for my sake and the gospel's will save it. 36For what does it profit a man, to gain the whole world and forfeit his life7? 37For what might a man give in exchange for his life7? 38For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words8 in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him will the Son of man also be ashamed, whenever he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels." 91And he continued saying to them, "Truly, I say to you, there are some of those standing here who shall not taste death until [after] they see the kingdom of God having come in power."

The Transfiguration
(Mt. 17:1-13; Lk. 9:28-36)

2And after six days Jesus took* with [him] Peter and James and John, and privately led* them up onto a high mountain alone. And he was transfigured1 before them, 3and his clothes became glistening, exceedingly white, as no one on earth who bleaches [clothes] could whiten [them] so. 4And there appeared to them Elijah with Moses; and they were talking to Jesus. 5And in response Peter said* to Jesus, "Rabbi, it is a good [thing] for us to be here. Indeed, we should make three shelters,2 one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah." 6For he did not know what to respond, for they were very much afraid. 7And a cloud was overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, "This is my beloved Son;3 be listening to him." 8And suddenly looking around they no longer saw anyone with them except Jesus alone.

9And as they were coming down from the mountain, he ordered them that they should relate to no one what they had seen, until after4 the Son of man should have risen from the dead. 10And they kept the saying among themselves, discussing what "to rise from the dead" meant. 11And they started questioning him, saying, "Why do the scribes say that Elijah has to come first?" 12And he said to them, "Indeed, Elijah does come first and restores all things; and how is it written regarding the Son of man, that he should suffer many things and

7Or, soul
8Other ancient authorities omit words, thus reading of mine
1Lit., transformed
2Or, tents
3Or, my Son, the Beloved
4Lit., except whenever

Mark 9

be scorned? 13But I say to you that Elijah has indeed come, and they did to him whatever they wished, just as it is written regarding him."

The Healing of a Boy with an Unclean Spirit
(Mt. 17:14-21; Lk. 9:37-43a)

14And when they came to the disciples, they saw a large crowd around them, and scribes debating with them. 15And immediately all the crowd, when they saw him, were greatly amazed, and ran up to [him] and started greeting him. 16And he asked them, "What are you debating with them?" 17And one from the crowd answered him, "Teacher, I brought to you my son, who has a mute spirit; 18and wherever it seizes him, it knocks him down; and he foams [at the mouth] and grinds [his] teeth and becomes rigid; and I told your disciples to cast it out, and they were not able." 19And he answered them by saying, "O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring him to me." 20And they brought the boy5 to him; and when the spirit saw him, immediately it convulsed the boy,5 and he fell on the ground and started rolling [about], foaming [at the mouth]. 21And [Jesus] asked his father, "How long a time is it that this has been happening to him?" And he said, "From childhood. 22And often it has thrown him both into the fire and into the water, to destroy him; but if you can [do] anything, have pity on us and help us." 23And Jesus said to him, "That 'if you can'! All things [are] possible to the one who believes." 24Immediately the father of the child cried out6 and started saying, "I believe; help my unbelief!" 25And when Jesus saw that a crowd came running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, "[You] mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him, and do not enter into him again." 26And after crying out and convulsing [him] terribly, it came out, and [the boy] was like a dead [person]; so that most of them said, "He is dead." 27But Jesus took him by the hand and lifted him up, and he arose. 28And when he had entered into [his] house, his disciples started asking him privately, "Why could we not cast it out?" 29And he said to them, "This kind can come out by nothing except by prayer."7

5Lit., him
6Other ancient authorities add with tears
7Other ancient authorities add and fasting

Mark 9

Jesus' Second Prediction of His Death and Resurrection
(Mt. 17:22-23; Lk. 9:43b-45)

30And they went on from there and were passing through Galilee. And he did not wish that anyone would know [about it]. 31For he was teaching his disciples, and saying to them, "The Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him; and when he is killed, after three days he will rise." 32But they did not understand the saying, and they were afraid to ask him.

The Greatest in the Kingdom
(Mt. 18:1-5; Lk. 9:46-48)

33And they came to Capernaum; and when he was in the house he started asking them, "What were you arguing [about] on the way?" 34But they kept quiet; for on the way they had discussed with one another who [was] the greatest. 35And he sat down and called the twelve; and he said* to them, "If anyone wishes to be first, he should be last of all and servant of all." 36And he took a child, and stood him in their midst; and taking him in [his arms], he said to them, 37"Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me; and whoever receives me, receives not me but the One who sent me."

The Man Not Following with the Disciples
(Mt. 10:42; Lk. 9:49-50)

38John said to him, "Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name,8 and we tried forbidding him, because he was not following us." 39But Jesus said, "Do not be forbidding him; for there is no one who will do a miracle in my name and [then] be able soon [afterward] to speak evil of me. 40For he who is not against us is for us. 41For whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because of the fact9 that you are Christ's, truly, I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.

Snares to Sin and Salt
(Mt. 5:13, 29-30; 18:6-9; Lk. 14:34; 17:2)

42"And whoever ensnares one of these little ones who believe in me10 [in sin], it would be better for him if a heavy millstone11 were placed around

8Other ancient authorities add who does not follow us
9Lit., in [the] name
10Other ancient authorities omit in me
11Lit., a donkey millstone, i.e., a millstone so heavy that it must be turned by a donkey

Mark 9

his neck and he were thrown into the sea. 43And if your hand should keep ensnaring you [in sin], cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life deformed than than to have two hands and go to hell,12 into the unquenchable fire.13 45And if your foot should keep ensnaring you [in sin], cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life crippled than to have two feet and be thrown into hell.12,13 47And if your eye should keep ensnaring you [in sin], throw it out; it is better for you to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell,12 48where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched. 49For everyone will be salted with fire.14 50Salt [is] good; but if the salt should become unsalty, with what will you season it? Keep having salt in yourselves, and keep being at peace with one another."

Departure to Judea
(Mt. 19:1-2; Lk. 9:51)

101And he rose from there and went* to the region of Judea and the other side of the Jordan, and crowds came* together to him again; and, as his custom was, he again started teaching them.

(Mt. 5:31-32; 19:3-12; Lk. 16:18)

2And Pharisees came up1 and to test him they started asking him, "Is it permissible for a man to divorce [his] wife?" 3He answered by saying to them, "What did Moses command you?" 4And they said, "Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce, and to divorce [her]."2 5But Jesus said to them, "For your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment. 6But from the beginning of creation, '[God] made them male and female.'3 7'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife,4 8and the

12Greek Gehenna
13Other ancient authorities include verses 44 and 46 (both identical to verse 48) 44where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.
14Other ancient authorities add and every sacrifice will be salted with salt
1Other ancient authorities omit Pharisees came up and
2Deut. 24:1-4
3Gen. 1:27; 5:2
4Other ancient authorities omit and be joined to his wife

Mark 10

two shall be one flesh.'5 So they are no longer two but one flesh. 9Therefore, what God has yoked together, man must not separate." 10And in the house the disciples started asking him again about this [matter]. 11And he said* to them, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; 12and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery."

Blessing the Children
(Mt. 19:13-15; Lk. 18:15-17)

13And they were bringing children to him, so that he might touch them. But the disciples rebuked them. 14But when Jesus saw [it] he was indignant, and said to them, "Let the children keep coming to me; quit hindering them. For to such belongs6 the kingdom of God. 15Truly, I say to you, whoever does not accept the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter into it." 16And he took them in [his] arms and blessed [them], laying [his] hands on them.

The Rich Man
(Mt. 19:16-30; Lk. 18:18-30)

17And as he was setting out on [his] journey, one ran up and knelt before him, and started asking him, "Good Teacher, what should I do so that I may inherit eternal life?" 18And Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good? No one [is] good except one, [that is], God. 19You know the commandments: 'Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not testify falsely, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.'"7 20And he said to him, "Teacher, all these I have observed from my youth." 21And Jesus looking at him loved him, and said to him, "One thing you lack; go, sell what you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, start following me." 22But he became dejected at that saying, and went away sorrowful; for he had many possessions.

23And Jesus looked around and said* to his disciples, "With what difficulty those who have wealth will enter into the kingdom of God!" 24And the disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus answered* again by saying to them, "Children, how difficult it is8 to enter into the kingdom of God!

5Gen. 2:24
6Lit., of such is
7Ex. 20:12-16; 21:10; Deut. 5:16-20; 24:14
8Other ancient authorities add for those who trust in wealth

Mark 10

25It is easier for a camel to go through the hole in a [sewing] needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God." 26Now they were exceedingly astonished, saying among themselves,9 "Who indeed can be saved?" 27Jesus looked at them and said*, "With men [it is] impossible, but not with God; for all things [are] possible with God." 28Peter began saying to him, "Behold, we have left everything and followed you." 29Jesus said, "Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for my sake and for the gospel, 30who will not receive a hundredfold now in this time, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, with persecutions, and in the age to come eternal life. 31But many [who are] first will be last, and the last first."

Jesus' Third Prediction of His Death and Resurrection
(Mt. 20:17-19; Lk. 18:31-34)

32Now they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them; and they were amazed, and those who were following were afraid. And taking the twelve aside again, he began telling them what was going to happen to him. 33[He said], "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man will be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death, and deliver him to the Gentiles; 34and they will mock him, and spit on him, and whip him, and kill [him]; and after three days he will rise."

The Request of James and John
(Mt. 20:20-28; Lk. 22:25-26)

35And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came* forward to him, and said to him, "Teacher, we wish that you would do for us whatever we ask of you." 36And he said to them, "What do you wish me to do for you?" 37And they said to him, "Grant us to sit, one at your right [hand] and one at [your] left, in your glory." 38But Jesus said to them, "You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be immersed [in] the immersion10 [in] which I am immersed?" 39And they said to him, "We are able." And Jesus said to them, "The cup that I drink you will drink; and the immersion10 which I am immersed [in], you will be immersed [in]; 40but to sit at my right [hand] or at [my] left is not mine to give, but [is for those] for

9Other ancient authorities read to him
10I.e., the overwhelming experience

Mark 10

whom it has been prepared."11 41And when the ten heard [this], they began being indignant at James and John. 42And Jesus called them to [him] and said* to them, "You know that those who are reputed to rule the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great [men] exercise authority over them. 43Now it is not [to be] like this among you; but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, 44and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be slave of all. 45For indeed the Son of man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life [as] a ransom for many."

The Healing of Blind Bartimaeus
(Mt. 9:27-31; 20:29-34; Lk. 18:35-43)

46And they came* to Jericho; and as he and his disciples and a considerable crowd went out from Jericho, the blind begger Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, was sitting beside the road. 47And when he heard that it was Jesus the Nazarene, he began crying out and saying, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!" 48And many started rebuking him, so that he would keep quiet. But he started crying out [even] much more, "Son of David, have mercy on me!" 49And Jesus stood still and said, "Call him." And they called* the blind [man], saying to him, "Have courage; rise, he is calling you." 50And throwing off his cloak he sprang up and came to Jesus. 51And Jesus answered him by saying, "What do you wish me to do for you?" And the blind [man] said to him, "Rabboni, [I wish] that I might receive my sight." 52And Jesus said to him, "Go [your way]; your faith has made you well." And immediately he received his sight and started following him on the way.

The Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem
(Mt. 21:1-11, 17; Lk. 19:28-40; Jn. 12:12-19)

111And when they drew* near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, he sent* two of his disciples, 2and said* to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and immediately as you enter into it you will find a colt tied, on which no man has ever sat; untie it and bring [it]. 3And if anyone says to you, 'Why are you doing this?' say, 'The Lord has a need for it and will immediately send it back here.'" 4And they went away, and found a colt tied at the door outside in the open street; and they untied* it. 5And some of those standing there started saying to them, "What are you doing, untying the colt?" 6And they spoke to them just as Jesus had said; and they let them go. 7And they brought* the colt to Jesus, and threw their

11Other ancient authorities add by my Father (see Mt. 20:23)

Mark 11

cloaks on it; and he sat on it. 8And many spread their cloaks on the road, but others [spread] leafy branches which they had cut from the fields. 9And those who were going before and those who were following were crying out, "Hosanna! Blessed [is] the One who comes in the name of the Lord! 10Blessed [is] the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the highest!"

11And he entered into Jerusalem into the temple; and when he had looked around at everything, since it was already the evening hour, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.

The Cursing of the Fig Tree
(Mt. 21:18-19)

12And on the next day, when they came from Bethany, he was hungry. 13And seeing from a distance a fig tree that had leaves, he went [to see] if perhaps he would find anything on it. And when he came to it, he found nothing except leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14And in response he said to it, "May no one ever eat fruit from you again." And his disciples were listening.

The Cleansing of the Temple
(Mt. 21:12-13; Lk. 19:45-48; Jn. 2:13-22)

15And they came* to Jerusalem. And he entered into the temple and began driving out those who were selling and those who were buying in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of those who were selling doves; 16and he was not allowing anyone to carry an object through the temple. 17And he was teaching and saying to them, "Is it not written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations'?1 But you have made it a den of bandits."2 18And the chief priests and the scribes heard [it] and started seeking how they might destroy him; for they feared him, for all the crowd was astonished at his teaching. 19And whenever evening came they3 would go out of the city.

The Lesson from the Withered Fig Tree
(Mt. 6:14-15; 21:20-22)

20And as they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from [its] roots [up]. 21And Peter remembered and said* to him, "Rabbi, look!

1Is. 56:7
2Jer. 7:11
3Other ancient authorities read he

Mark 11

The fig tree which you cursed has withered." 22And Jesus answered* by saying to them, "Keep having faith in God. 23Truly, I say to you that whoever says to this mountain, 'Be taken up and thrown into the sea,' and does not doubt in his heart, but keeps believing that what he says is happening, it will be done for him. 24Therefore I say to you, all that you pray and ask for, keep believing that you have received4 [it], and it will be [done] for you. 25And whenever you stand praying, keep forgiving, if you have anything against anyone; so that your Father who is in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses."5

The Question about Jesus' Authority
(Mt. 21:23-27; Lk. 20:1-8)

27And they came* again to Jerusalem. And as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the scribes and the elders came* to him, 28and they started saying to him, "By what authority are you doing these things, or who gave you this authority to do them?" 29But Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one question, and you answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. 30The baptism6 of John, was it from heaven or from men? Answer me." 31And they started reasoning among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say, 'Why then did you not believe him?' 32But should we say, 'From men'?"--they were afraid of the crowd, for all held that John was really a prophet. 33And they answered* Jesus by saying, "We do not know." And Jesus said* to them, "Neither am I telling you by what authority I do these things."

The Parable of the Wicked Tenant Farmers
(Mt. 21:33-46; Lk. 20:9-19)

121And he began speaking to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard, and set a hedge around [it], and dug a wine press through, and built a tower, and rented it to tenant farmers, and went on a journey. 2And at the [proper] season he sent a slave to the tenant farmers, so that he might receive from the tenant farmers [his share] of the fruit of the vineyard. 3And they took [him] and beat him, and sent [him] away empty-handed. 4And again he sent to them another slave, and they wounded him in the head, and dishonored [him].

4Other ancient authorities read are receiving or will receive
5Other ancient authorities include verse 26, "26But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your trespasses."
6Greek baptisma means immersion

Mark 12

5And he sent another, and him they killed; and [so with] many others, some they beat and some they killed. 6He had still one [other], a beloved son; he sent him to them last, saying, 'They will respect my son.' 7But those tenant farmers said to themselves, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.' 8And they took [him] and killed him, and threw him outside the vineyard. 9What will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenant farmers, and give the vineyard to others. 10Have you not read this scripture:
'A stone which the builders rejected--
this has become the head of the corner;
11this was from the Lord,
and it is marvelous in our eyes'?"1

12And they were seeking [a way] to seize him, but feared the crowd, for they knew that he had spoken the parable with reference to them. And they left him and went away.

The Question about Paying Taxes
(Mt. 22:15-22; Lk. 20:20-26)

13And they sent* to him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, so that they might catch him in [his] talk. 14And they came and said* to him, "Teacher, we know that you are true, and it does not matter to you about who anyone is; for you do not regard the position of men, but teach the way of God based on [the] truth. Is it permissible to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? 15Should we pay [them], or should we not pay [them]?" But knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, "Why are you putting me to the test? Bring me a denarius,2 so that I may see [one]." 16And they brought [the coin]. And he said* to them, "Whose image and inscription [is] this?" And they said to him, "Caesar's." 17And Jesus said to them, "Pay back to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." And they kept marveling greatly at him.

The Question about the Resurrection
(Mt. 22:23-33; Lk. 20:27-40)

18And Sadducees came* to him, who say that there is no resurrection; and they were asking him [a question], saying, 19Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if someone's brother dies and leaves behind a wife, and [yet] leaves no

1Ps. 118:22-23
2This silver coin was a day's wages for a common laborer.

Mark 12

child, his [living] brother should take the wife, and raise up offspring for his brother.3 20There were seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and when he died left no offspring; 21and the second took her, and died, leaving behind no offspring; and the third in a similar way; 22and the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died. 23In the resurrection, whenever they rise,4 to which of them will she be wife? For [each of] the seven had her [as] wife."

24Jesus said to them, "Is not this why you are wrong, because you do not know the scriptures nor the power of God? 25For whenever they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26But concerning the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in [the passage about] the bush, how God told him, saying, 'I [am] the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'?5 27He is not God of the dead, but of the living; you are [very] much wrong."

The Question about the First Commandment
(Mt. 22:34-40, 46; Lk. 10:25-28; 20:40)

28And one of the scribes came up and heard them debating [about this], and knowing that he had answered them well, asked him, "Which commandment is the first of all?" 29Jesus answered, "The first is, 'Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord; 30and you shall love the Lord your God with6 all your heart, and with6 all your soul, and with6 all your mind, and with6 all your strength."7 31The second [is] this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'8 There is no other commandment greater [than] these." 32And the scribe said to him, "Well [put], Teacher; based on [the] truth you have said that he is one, and there is no other but he; 33and to keep loving him with6 all the heart, and with6 all the intelligence, and with6 all the strength, and to be loving [one's] neighbor as oneself, is much more [than] all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices." 34And when Jesus saw that he answered with understanding, he said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God." And [after that] no one dared to ask him [a question] any more.

3Deut. 25:5
4Other ancient authorities omit whenever they rise
5Ex. 3:6 6Lit., out of
7Deut. 6:4-5 8Lev. 19:18

Mark 12

The Question about David's Son
(Mt. 22:41-46; Lk. 20:41-44)

35And as Jesus was teaching in the temple, in response he continued saying, "How [is it] the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36David himself said by the Holy Spirit,

'The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at my right [hand],
until I put your enemies underneath9 your feet.'10
37David himself says he [is] Lord; and [so] in what way is he his son?" And the large crowd was hearing him gladly.

The Denunciation of the Scribes
(Mt. 23:1-2, 6-7, 14; Lk. 11:43; 20:45-47)

38And in his teaching he continued saying, "Look out for the scribes, who like to go around in long robes, and [to receive] greetings in the marketplaces 39and the seats of honor in the synagogues and the places of honor in the banquets, 40who devour widows' houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation."

The Widow's Two Copper Coins
(Lk. 21:1-4)

41And he sat down opposite the treasury, and started observing how the crowd was putting copper [money] into the treasury. And many rich [people] were putting in much. 42And one poor widow came, and put in two [copper coins called] lepta,11 which is [the same as] a penny.12 43And he called his disciples to [him], and said to them, "Truly, I say to you that this poor widow has put in more [than] all those who are putting money into the treasury. 44For they all put [in] out of their abundance; but she out of her poverty has put [in] all that she had, her whole living."

The Prediction of the Destruction of the Temple
(Mt. 24:1-2; Lk. 21:5-6)

131And as he was going out of the temple, one of his disciples said* to him, "Teacher, look, what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!" 2And Jesus said to him, "Do you see these great buildings? There shall not be

9Other ancient authorities read [as] a footstool for
10Ps. 110:1
11A lepton equalled 1/128 denarius.
12Greek kodrantes, equalling 1/64 denarius

Mark 13

left here [one] stone on another, that shall not be torn down."

The Disciples' Questions
(Mt. 24:3; Lk. 21:7)

3And as he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew started questioning him privately, 4"Tell us, when will these things be, and what [will be] the sign whenever all these things are going to be completed?"

Warnings Against Being Led Astray
(Mt. 10:17-22; 24:4-14; Lk. 12:11-12; 21:8-19)

5Now Jesus began saying to them, "Keep looking out that no one leads you astray. 6Many will come in my name, saying, 'I am [he]!' and they will lead many astray. 7Now whenever you hear [about] wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed; [this] has to happen, but the end [is] not yet. 8For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes in [various] places, there will be famines; these things [are only] the beginning of the birth-pangs.

9"But you keep looking out [as to] yourselves; [for] they will deliver you up to councils;1 and you will be beaten in synagogues; and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to [give] testimony to them. 10And the gospel has to be preached first to all nations. 11And whenever they bring you [to trial] and deliver [you] up, do not be worrying beforehand [about] what you should say; but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who are speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 12And brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father [his] child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death. 13And you will be hated by all because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.

The Desolation and Tribulation
(Mt. 24:15-22; Lk. 17:31; 21:20-24)

14"But whenever you see the abomination of desolation2 standing where they ought not (the reader must understand), then those who are in Judea must start fleeing to the mountains; 15the one who is on the housetop must not go down, nor enter his house, to take anything out of [it]; 16and the one who is in the field must not turn back to take his cloak. 17And woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing [babies] in those days! 18And be praying

1Greek sanhedrins
2Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11

Mark 13

that it may not happen in winter. 19For [in] those days there will be such tribulation as has not happened from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will happen [again]. 20And if the Lord had not shortened the days, no one of flesh would be saved; but because of the chosen, whom he chose, he shortened the days.

More Warnings Against Being Led Astray
(Mt. 24:23-25; Lk. 17:23)

21"And then if anyone says to you, 'Look, here [is] the Christ!' [or] 'Look, there [he is]!' do not believe [it]. 22For false Christs and false prophets will arise and show signs and wonders, in order to lead astray, if possible, the chosen. 23But you keep looking out; I have told you all things beforehand.

The Coming of the Son of Man
(Mt. 24:29-31; Lk. 21:25-28)

24"But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, 25and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. 26And then they will see the Son of man coming in clouds with great power and glory. 27And then he will send out the angels, and gather his chosen from the four winds, from the end of the earth to the end of heaven.

The Parable of the Fig Tree
(Mt. 24:32-33; Lk. 21:29-31)

28"Now learn the parable from the fig tree: whenever its branch has already become tender and is sprouting out its leaves, you know that the summer is near. 29So also, whenever you see these things happening, you know that he is near, at the [very] doors.

Statements about Time
(Mt. 24:34-36; Lk. 21:32-34)

30"Truly, I say to you, this generation shall not pass away before all these things happen. 31Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. 32But about that day or [that] hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but [just] the Father.

Exhoratation to Watch
(Mt. 24:42; 25:13-15)

33"Keep looking out, keep alert;3 for you do not know when the time is

3Other ancient authorities add and keep praying

Mark 13

[to be]. 34[It is] like a man going on a journey, when he leaves his house and gives authority to his slaves, to each [over] his [own] work, and commands the doorkeeper to be watching. 35Therefore keep watching--for you do not know when the lord of the house is coming, whether [at] evening, or midnight, or roostercrowing,4 or morning--36lest he comes suddenly and finds you sleeping. 37And what I say to you I say to all: Keep watching."

The Plot to Kill Jesus
(Mt. 26:1-5; Lk. 22:1-2; Jn. 11:47-53)

141Now after two [more] days it would be the Passover and the [feast of] Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how they might seize him by cunning, and kill [him]; 2for they were saying, "Not during the feast, lest there be a disturbance of the people."

Jesus' Anointing at Bethany
(Mt. 26:6-13; Lk. 7:36-50; Jn. 12:1-8)

3And while he was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he was sitting [at the table], a woman came having an alabaster flask of ointment of pure nard, very costly, and she broke the alabaster flask and poured [it] over his head. 4But there were some who indignantly [said] to themselves, "Why has this waste of the ointment taken place? 5For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii,1 and given to the poor." And they started scolding her. 6But Jesus said, "Let her alone; why are you giving her a hard time? She has done a good deed to me. 7For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you wish, you can do good to them; but you [will] not always have me. 8She has done what she could; she has anointed my body beforehand in preparation for burial. 9And truly, I say to you, wherever the gospel is preached in the whole world, what she has done will also be spoken of in memory of her."

Judas' Agreement to Betray Jesus
(Mt. 26:14-16; Lk. 22:3-6)

10And Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went to the chief priests in order to betray him to them. 11And when they heard [it] they rejoiced, and promised to give him silver. And he started seeking how he might betray him in a opportune way.

412 to 3 a.m.
1The denarius was a day's wages for a common laborer.

Mark 14

Preparation for the Passover
(Mt. 26:17-19; Lk. 22:7-13)

12And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they were sacrificing the passover [lambs], his disciples said* to him, "Where do you wish us to go and prepare so that you may eat the passover?" 13And he sent* two of his disciples, and said* to them, "Go into the city, and a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you; follow him, 14and wherever he enters, say to the householder, 'The Teacher says, Where is my guest room, where I might eat the passover with my disciples?' 15And he will show you a large upper room furnished [and] prepared; there prepare for us." 16And the disciples went out and came to the city, and found [it] just as he had said to them; and they prepared the passover.

The Prediction of the Betrayal
(Mt. 26:20-25; Lk. 22:14, 21-23; Jn. 13:21-30)

17And when it was evening he came* with the twelve. 18And as they were sitting [at the table] and eating, Jesus said, "Truly, I say to you that one of you will betray me, [one] who is eating with me." 19They began being sorrowful, and saying to him one by one, "[It is] not I, [is it]?" 20And he said to them, "[It is] one of the twelve, [one] who is dipping [bread] in the dish with me. 21Because the Son of man indeed goes just as it is written about him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of man is betrayed! [It would have been] better for that man if he had not been born."

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
(Mt. 26:26-30; Lk. 22:15-20, 39; I Cor. 11:23-25)

22And as they were eating, he took bread, and blessed and broke [it], and gave [it] to them, and said, "Take; this is my body." 23And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and gave [it] to them, and they all drank of it. 24And he said to them, "This is my blood of the covenant,2 which is poured out for many. 25Truly, I say to you, I shall not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day whenever I drink it new in the kingdom of God." 26And when they had sung a hymn,3 they went out to the Mount of Olives.

2Other ancient authorities read new covenant
3Or, hymns

Mark 14

The Prediction of Peter's Denial
(Mt. 26:31-35; Lk. 22:31-34; Jn. 13:36-38)

27And Jesus said* to them, "You will all be ensnared [so as to fall away]; because it is written, 'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.'4 28But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee." 29But Peter said to him, "Even though they will all be ensnared, yet I [will] not." 30And Jesus said* to him, "Truly, I say to you that today, this [very] night, before a rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times." 31But he kept saying emphatically, "If I should have to die with you, I will not deny you." And they were all saying [something] similar too.

Jesus' Prayers in Gethsemane
(Mt. 26:36-46; Lk. 22:39-46; Jn. 18:1)

32And they went* to a place which was named Gethsemane; and he said* to his disciples, "Sit here, while I pray." 33And he took* with him Peter and James and John, and began being distressed and troubled. 34And he said* to them, "My soul is very sorrowful, [even] to the point of death; remain here, and keep watching."5 35And going a little farther, he fell on the ground and started praying that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 36And he kept saying, "Abba, Father, all things [are] possible to you; remove this cup from me; yet not what I will, but what you [will]." 37And he came* and found* them sleeping, and he said* to Peter, "Simon, are you sleeping? Could you not watch5 one hour? 38Keep watching5 and praying that you may not come into temptation; the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak." 39And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words.6 40And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and they did not know what to answer him. 41And he came* the third [time], and said* to them, "Are you sleeping and resting from now on? It is enough!7 The hour has come! Behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42Rise, let us be going. Behold, the one who betrays me has come near."

4Zech. 13:7
5Or, keep awake
6Other ancient authorities omit saying the same words
7Or, He has [his pay]!

Mark 14

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
(Mt. 26:47-56; Lk. 22:47-53; Jn. 18:2-12)

43And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came*, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44Now the one who betrayed him had given them a signal, saying, "Whomever I kiss, he is the [one]; seize him and lead [him] away securely." 45And when he came, he immediately went to him, and said, "Rabbi!" And he kissed him. 46And they laid hands on him and seized him. 47But a certain one of those who stood by drew [his] sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and chopped off his ear. 48And Jesus responded by saying to them, "Have you come out as against a bandit, with swords and clubs to arrest me? 49Every day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. But [now you do] so that the scriptures might be fulfilled." 50And they all left him, and fled. 51And a certain young man was following him, clothed [with only] a linen sheet on his naked [body]; and they seized* him, 52but he left the linen sheet behind and fled naked.

Jesus Before the Council
(Mt. 26:57-68; Lk. 22:54-55, 63-71; Jn. 18:13-14, 19-24)

53And they led Jesus away to the high priest; and all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came* together. 54And Peter had followed him from a distance, right inside the courtyard of the high priest; and he was sitting with the officers and warming [himself] at the fire. 55Now the chief priests and the whole council8 were seeking testimony against Jesus in order to put him to death; and [yet] they were not finding [any]. 56For many were falsely testifying against him, and [their] testimonies were not consistent. 57And some stood up and were falsely testifying against him, saying, 58"We heard him say, 'I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another, not made with hands.'" 59And [yet] not even so was their testimony consistent. 60And the high priest stood up in [their] midst, and questioned Jesus, saying, "Do you not answer anything? What [is it that] these [people] are testifying against you?" 61But he kept quiet and did not answer anything. Again the high priest started questioning him and said to him, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?" 62And Jesus said, "I am; and you will see the Son of man sitting at the right [hand] of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven." 63And the high priest tore his tunics, and

8Greek sanhedrin

Mark 14

said*, "What further need do we have for witnesses? 64You have heard the blasphemy. What [verdict] do you see? And they all condemned him to be deserving of death. 65And some began spitting on him, and covering his face, and slugging him, and saying to him, "Prophesy!"9 And the officers received him with slaps.

Peter's Denial of Jesus
(Mt. 26:69-75; Lk. 22:56-62; Jn. 18:15-18, 25-27)

66And as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the maids of the high priest came*; 67and when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked at him, and said*, "You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus." 68But he denied [it], saying, "I neither know nor understand what you are talking about." And he went outside into the fore-court, and a rooster crowed.10 69And the maid saw him, and began saying again to the bystanders, "This is [one] of them." 70But again he started denying [it]. And after a little while again the bystanders started saying to Peter, "Truly you are [one] of them; for indeed you are a Galilean." 71But he began cursing and swearing, "I do not know this man whom you are talking about." 72And immediately a rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered the word that Jesus had said to him, "Before a rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times." And reflecting on [it],11 he started weeping.

Jesus Before Pilate
(Mt. 27:1-2, 11-26; Lk. 23:1-5, 13-25; Jn. 18:28-19:16)

151And immediately in the morning after the chief priests had counsel with the elders and scribes, and the whole council,1 they bound Jesus and took [him] away and delivered [him] to Pilate. 2And Pilate questioned him, "Are you the King of the Jews?" And he answered* him by saying, "You are saying [it]." 3And the chief priests started accusing him of many things. 4And Pilate again started questioning him, saying, "Do you not answer anything? See how many things they are accusing you of." 5But Jesus no longer answered anything, so that Pilate was marveling.

9Other ancient authorities read Prophesy now, Christ! Who is it that struck you? Other ancient authorities read to us instead of now, just as in Mt. 26:68; some authorities omit Christ as in Luke 22:64.
10Other ancient authorities omit and a rooster crowed
11Or, throwing himself into [it]
1Greek sanhedrin

Mark 15

6Now at [the] feast he used to release to them one prisoner for whom they were asking. 7Now there was a [man] called Barabbas imprisoned with the revolutionaries who had committed murder in the revolt. 8And the crowd came up2 and began asking [Pilate to do] as he usually did for them. 9And Pilate answered them, saying, "Do you wish me to release to you the King of the Jews?" 10For he realized that [it was] because of envy [that] the chief priests had delivered him up. 11But the chief priests stirred up the crowd so that he would release Barabbas to them instead. 12And Pilate again responded by saying to them, "Then what do you wish I would do [with the one] whom you call the King of the Jews?" 13And they cried out again, "Crucify him." 14And Pilate said to them, "Why, what evil has he done?" But they cried out even more, "Crucify him." 15And [so] Pilate, wanting to satisfy the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and when he had flogged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified.

Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers
(Mt. 27:27-31; Jn. 19:2-3)

16Now the soldiers led him away inside the palace (that is, the praetorium); and they called* together the whole regiment. 17And they clothed* him in a purple [cloak], and plaiting a crown of thorns they put it on him. 18And they began greeting him, "Hail, King of the Jews!" 19And they started hitting his head with a reed and spitting on him; and falling to [their] knees they were worshiping him. 20And when they had mocked him, they stripped the purple [cloak from] him, and put his [own] clothes on him. And they led* him out to crucify him.

The Crucifixion of Jesus
(Mt. 27:32-56; Lk. 23:26-49; Jn. 19:17-30)

21And they forced* a passer-by, a certain Simon who was a Cyrenian, who was coming [in] from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross. 22And they brought* him to the place [known as] Golgotha (which means when translated, place of a skull). 23And they tried giving him wine flavored with myrrh; but he did not take [it]. 24And they crucified* him, and divided* his clothes [among them by] throwing [gambling] lots for them, [to decide] who should take what. 25Now it was the third hour, when3 they crucified him. 26And the inscription of the charge against him had been

2Other ancient authorities read cried [aloud]
3Lit., and

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inscribed, "The King of the Jews." 27And they crucified* two bandits with him, one on [his] right and one on his left.4 29And those who passed by were slandering him, shaking their heads and saying, "Aha! [You] who would destroy the temple and build [it] in three days, 30save yourself [by] coming down from the cross!" 31The chief priests, with the scribes, were also mocking [him] like this to one another by saying, "He saved others; he cannot save himself. 32Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe." Those who had been crucified with him were also reproaching him.

33And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land5 until the ninth hour. 34And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?" which means when translated, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken6 me?"7 35And when some of the bystanders heard [this], they started saying, "Behold, he is calling Elijah." 36And one ran and filled a sponge with vinegar, and put [it] on a reed and started giving [it] to him to drink, saying, "Let us see whether Elijah is coming to take him down." 37And Jesus let out a loud cry,8 and expired. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39Now when the centurion, who stood opposite from him, saw that he expired9 like this, he said, "Truly this man was [the] Son10 of God!"

40And there were also women looking on from a distance, among whom indeed [were] Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Little James and of Joses, and Salome, 41who, when he was in Galilee, were following him and serving him; and also many other [women] who came up with him to Jerusalem.

The Burial of Jesus
(Mt. 27:57-61; Lk. 23:50-56; Jn. 19:38-42)

42And when evening had already come, since it was [the day of] Preparation, that is, [the day] before the sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathea, a

4Other ancient authorities include verse 28, 28And the scripture was fulfilled which says, "And he was reckoned with outlaws."
5Or, earth
6Other ancient authorities read reproached
7Ps. 22:1
8Lit., voice
9Other ancient authorities read cried out and expired
10Or, a son

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respectable member of the council, who was also himself waiting for the kingdom of God, came and went in bravely to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. 44And Pilate marveled that he had already died. And calling for the centurion, he asked him whether he died [very] long ago.11 45And when he had found [this] out from the centurion, he gave the corpse to Joseph. 46And he bought a linen sheet, and taking him down, wrapped [him] in the linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb which had been hewn out of rock; and he rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. 47And Mary Magdalene and Mary the [mother] of Joses were looking on [to see] where he had been laid.

The Resurrection of Jesus
(Mt. 28:1-8; Lk. 24:1-12; Jn. 20:1-10)

161And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome bought1 spices, so that they might go and anoint him. 2And very early on the first [day] of the week they went* to the tomb when the sun had risen. 3And they were saying among themselves, "Who will roll away the stone for us from the door of the tomb?" 4And looking up, they saw* that the stone had been rolled back; for it was extremely large. 5And entering into the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right [side], clothed in a white robe; and they were greatly amazed. 6And he said* to them, "Quit being greatly amazed; you are seeking Jesus the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has been raised, he is not here. See the place where they laid him. 7But go, tell his disciples and Peter, 'He is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him, just as he told you.'" 8And they went out and fled from the tomb; for trembling and surprise kept holding on to them. And they said nothing to anyone, for they kept being afraid.2

The Appearance to Mary Magdalene
(Mt. 28:9-10; Jn. 20:11-18)

9Now when he rose early on the first [day] of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 10She went and told

11Other ancient authorities read whether he had already died
1Other ancient authorities read 42And they went and bought
2Other ancient authorities insert the following after verse 8: But they reported briefly to Peter [and] those around [him] all that they had been told. And after this, Jesus himself also sent out through them, from east even to west, the sacred and imperishable preached message of eternal salvation. Amen. One of them and other ancient authorities omit verses 9-20.

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those who had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 11And when they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, they did not believe [it].

The Appearance to Two Disciples
(Lk. 24:13-35)

12Now after these things he appeared in another form to two of them who were walking, as they were going into the country. 13And they went back and told the rest, [but] neither did they believe them.

The Giving of the Great Commission
(Mt. 28:16-20; Lk. 24:36-49; Jn. 20:19-23; Acts 1:4-8)

14And afterwards he appeared to the eleven as they sat [at the table]; and he reproached [them for] their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who saw him after he had been raised.3 15And he said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. 16The one who believes and is baptized4 will be saved; but the one who does not believe will be condemned. 17And these signs will follow those who believe: in my name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new5 tongues; 18and in [their] hands6 they will pick up snakes; and if they drink any deadly thing, it will not harm them; they will lay [their] hands on the sick, and they will get well."

3Two ancient authorities insert the following after verse 14: And they defended [themselves], saying, "This age of lawlessness and unbelief is under Satan, who does not allow the things under the unclean spirits to attain to the truth [and] power of God. For this [reason] reveal your righteousness right now." They were saying [this] to Christ and Christ was replying to them, "The term of years of Satan's authority has been fulfilled, but other terrible things are coming near. And for those having sinned I was delivered to death, so that they may return to the truth and no longer sin, so that they may inherit the spiritual and imperishable glory of righteousness which is in heaven."
4Greek baptizō means immerse
5Other ancient authorities omit new
6Other ancient authorities omit and in [their] hands

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The Ascension of Jesus
(Lk. 24:50-53; Acts 1:9-11)

19So then after the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven, and sat down at the right [hand] of God. 20But they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with [them] and confirmed the word through the signs that followed.7

7Other ancient authorities add Amen.
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