KEY TO ABBREVIATIONS

FOR MANUSCRIPT EVIDENCE

Abbreviations: g--gospels; a--Acts; p--Paul's letters; o--other letters; r--Revelation. Roman numerals are used to give the approximate century in which a manuscript was copied. An asterisk under "Kind of Text" indicates a mixed kind of text. An asterisk under "Name" refers to a note at the end.

Symbol      Name       Century       Contents   Kind of Text
The following Greek manuscripts are written with capital letters
on papyrus
 p1                      III            g       Alexandrian
 p3                     VI/VII          g       Alexandrian
 p4                      III            g       Alexandrian
 p5                      III            g       Alexandrian
 p6                       IV            g
 p8                       IV            a       Alexandrian
 p13                    III/IV          p       Alexandrian
 p16                    III/IV          p       Alexandrian
 p18                    III/IV          r       Alexandrian
 p15                     III            p
 p21                     IV/V           g
 p22                     III            g       Alexandrian
 p23                   early III        o       Alexandrian
 p24                      IV            r       Alexandrian
 p25                   late IV          g         Western
 p26                   c.600AD          p
 p27                     III            p       Alexandrian
 p30                     III            p
 p33                      VI            a
 p37                    III/IV          g        Caesarean
 p39                     III            g       Alexandrian
 p40                     III            p       Alexandrian
 p41                     VIII           a         Western
 p43                   VII/VIII         r
 p45  Chester Beatty I   III            g        Caesarean
                                        a       Alexandrian
 p46 Chester Beatty II c.200AD          p       Alexandrian
 p47 Chester Beatty III late III        r       Alexandrian
 p48                   late III         a         Western
 p49                   late III         p
 p50                     IV/V           a       Alexandrian
 p51      Oxy. 2157    c.400AD          p
 p59       Colt 3        VII            g
 p60       Colt 4        VII            g
 p61       Colt 5      c.700AD          p
 p63                   c.500AD          g
 p64                   c.200AD          g
 p65                     III            p       Alexandrian
 p66      Bodmer ii    c.200AD          g       Alexandrian
 p67                    II/III          g
 p70      Oxy. 2384      III            g
 p72  Bodmer vii, viii  III/IV          o       Alexandrian
 p74     Bodmer xvii     VII            ao
 p75   Bodmer xiv, xv    III            g       Alexandrian
 p76                      VI            g
 p85                     IV/V           r
The following Greek manuscripts are written with capital letters
on parchment
  S      Sinaiticus*      IV          gapor     Alexandrian
   Sa     corrector       IV
   Sb     corrector       VI
   Sc     corrector      VII
  A     Alexandrinus      V             g        Byzantine
                                       apor     Alexandrian
   A2     corrector
  B      Vaticanus        IV           gapo     Alexandrian
   B2     corrector       IV
   B3     corrector       X
  C  Ephraemi Rescriptus  V           gapor     Alexandrian*
   C2     corrector       VI
   C3     corrector       IX
  D Bezae Cantabrigiensis V/VI         gao        Western
  D     Claromontanus     VI            p         Western
  D(copy) Abschrift       IX            p         Western
  E                      VIII           g        Byzantine
  E       Laudinus        VI            ao        Western
  F                       IX            g        Byzantine
  F                       IX            p         Western
  G                       IX            g        Byzantine
  G     Boernerianus      IX            p         Western
  H                       IX            g        Byzantine
  H                       IX            a        Byzantine
  H      Euthalianus      VI            p       Alexandrian
  I                       V             p       Alexandrian
  K                       IX            g        Byzantine
  K                       IX           apo       Byzantine
  L                      VIII           g       Alexandrian
  L                       IX            ap       Byzantine
  M                       IX            g        Byzantine
  N                       VI            g        Caesarean?
  O                       VI            g        Caesarean
  P                       VI            g        Byzantine
  P                       IX            a        Byzantine
                                       por      Alexandrian
  Q                       V             g       Alexandrian
  R                       VI            g
  T                       V             g       Alexandrian
  U                       IX            g        Caesarean?
  W     Freer Gospels     V         g: Matthew   Byzantine
                                  Mark 1:1-5:30   Western
                                 Mark 5:31-16:20 Caesarean
                                  Luke 1:1-8:12 Alexandrian
                                 Luke 8:13-24:53 Byzantine
                                       John     Alexandrian
  X                       X             g       Alexandrian
  Y                       IX            g        Byzantine
  Z                       VI            g       Alexandrian
 028                    949AD           g        Byzantine
 046                      X             r        Byzantine
 048                      V            apo      Alexandrian
 051                      X             r        Byzantine
 052                      X             r        Byzantine
 058                      IV            g
 059                     IV/V           g       Alexandrian
 060                      VI            g       Alexandrian
 061                      V             p
 062                      V             p
 064                      VI            g
 065                      VI            g
 066                      VI            a         Western
 067                      VI            g
 068                      V             g
 070                      VI            g
 073                      VI            g
 074                      VI            g
 078                      VI            g
 079                      VI            g
 081                      VI            p       Alexandrian
 082                      VI            p
 083                    VI/VII          g
 084                      VI            g
 085                      VI            g
 086                      VI            g
 088                     V/VI           p       Alexandrian
 090                      VI            g
 091                      VI            g
 092b                     VI            g
 099                     VII            g
0106                     VII            g
0110                      VI            g
0112                    VI/VII          g
0113                      V             g
0121b                     X             p
0124                      VI            g
0125                      V             g
0130                      IX            g
0141                      X             g
0159                      VI            p
0163                      V             r
0165                      V             a
0169                      IV            r       Alexandrian
0170                     V/VI           g
0171                      IV            g         Western
0172                      V             p
0179                      VI            g
0180                      VI            g
0181                     IV/V           g
0190                      VI            g
0191                      VI            g
0198                      VI            p
0202                      VI            g
0206                      IV            ao
0207                      IV            r       Alexandrian
0208                      VI            p
0220                     III            p       Alexandrian
0221                      IV            p
0223                      VI            p
0226                      V             p
0229                     VIII           r
0232                     V/VI           ao
0237                      VI            g
0242                      IV            g
0250                     VIII           g
Gamma                     X             g        Byzantine
Delta                     IX            g       Alexandrian
Theta                     IX            g        Caesarean
Lambda                    IX            g        Caesarean?
  Xi                     VIII           g       Alexandrian
  Pi                      IX            g        Byzantine
 Phi                      VI            g        Caesarean
 Psi                   VIII/IX         gapo     Alexandrian
                except partial in Luke and John  Byzantine
The following Greek manuscripts are written with small letters on
parchment
 ƒ1      family 1*     XII-XIV          g        Caesarean
 ƒ13     family 13*    XI-XIII          g        Caesarean
   1                     XII            r
   4                     XIII           g
   4                      XV           apo
  28                      XI            g        Caesarean
  33                      IX           gapo     Alexandrian
  61                     XVI          gapor  (r) Alexandrian
  80                     XII            g
  81                      XI           apo      Alexandrian
  88                     XII           apor     (p) Western
  94                     XII            r       Alexandrian
 104                      XI           apor     Alexandrian
 142                      XI           gapo
 157                     XII            g        Caesarean
 162                    1153AD          g
 221                      X            apo
 225                    1192AD          g
 234                    1278AD         gapo
 241                      XI          gapor  (r) Alexandrian
 273                     XIII           g
 274                      X             g
 296                     XVI          gapor
 304                     XII            g
 323                      XI           apo   (o) Alexandrian
 365                     XIII          gapo
 424                      XI           apor
 424c                                            Alexandrian
 429                     XIV           apo
 429                      XV            r
 436                      XI           apo
 476                      XI            g
 481                      X             g
 522                    1515AD        gapor
 565                      IX            g        Caesarean
 579                     XIII           g       Alexandrian
 614                     XIII          apo (in Acts) Western
 629                     XIV           apo
 630                     XIV           apo
 636                      XV           apo
 700                      XI            g        Caesarean
 892                      IX            g       Alexandrian
 918                     XVI           apo
 945                      XI           gapo
1006                      XI            gr      Alexandrian
1009                     XIII           g
1010                     XII            g
1175                      XI           apo      Alexandrian
1195                     XII            g
1216                      XI            g
1230                    1124AD          g
1241                     XII           gapo  (g) Alexandrian
1333                      XI            g
1344                     XII            g
1424                     IX/X          gapo
1506                    1320AD          gp
1546                     XIII           g
1611                     XII           apor     Alexandrian
1646                    1172AD         gapo     (a) Western
1739                      X             a         Western
                                        po      Alexandrian
1841                     IX/X          apor  (r) Alexandrian
1854                      XI           apor     Alexandrian
1881                     XIV           apo
1906                    1056AD          p
1962                      XI            p
1984                     XIV            p
1985                     XVI            p
2030                     XII            r
2049                     XVI            r
2050                    1107AD          r
2053                     XIII           r       Alexandrian
2062                     XIII           r
2071                    1622AD          r
2081                      XI            r
2148                     XIV            g
2174                     XIV            g
2318                    XVIII           ao
2329                      X             r
2344                      XI           apor     Alexandrian
2351                      X             r       Alexandrian
2377                     XIV            r
2386                      XI            g
2464                      X            apo
2495                    XIV/XV        gapor
 Byz  Byzantine text*                 gapor      Byzantine
 Maj  Majority text*                  gapor      Byzantine
Maj(K) Koine manuscripts                r        Byzantine
Maj(A) Andrean manuscripts              r        Byzantine
Maj(B) Coptic manuscripts               r        Byzantine
Maj(C) Complutensian manuscripts        r        Byzantine
Lect   lectionaries*                   gopo      Byzantine
The following manuscripts are translations from Greek
 lat     Old Latin     IV-XIII        gapor       Western
 vg    Latin Vulgate     IV/V         gapor       Western
 syr      Syriac
syr(c) Curetonian Syriac  IV            g         Western*
syr(s) Sinaitic Syriac    IV            g         Western*
syr(p) Peshitta Syriac    V            gapo
syr(h) Harclean Syriac   VII          gapor
syr(h) above text with asterisks
syr(h)mg margin of Harclean text                  Western
syr(pal) Palestinian Syriac V          gapo    (g) Caesarean
 cop      Coptic                      gapor     Alexandrian
cop(north) Bohairic       IV           "        Alexandrian
cop(south) Sahidic       III           "        Alexandrian*
cop(Fayyumic) Fayyumic   IV/V          John

*NOTES:
1.  Manuscript Sinaiticus is abbreviated in this book by the
letter S, following the lead of Burton Throckmorton's +Gospel
Parallels+.  The traditional abbreviation is the Hebrew letter
Aleph.  The manuscript traditionally abbreviated by S is noted in
this book by its number 028.
2.  Family 1 includes four manuscripts of similar readings;
family 13 includes twelve manuscripts of similar readings; the
markings of ƒ1 and ƒ13 are given to indicate a reading within a
family that is different from the Byzantine text, even if it is
found in only one manuscript!
3.  The abbreviation "Byz" is given to indicate the majority of
manuscripts in the Byzantine textual tradition.  It is taken from
the United Bible Societies' Greek New Testament.  The
abbreviation "Maj" means the same thing but includes a little
more.  It also includes certain constant witnesses when they are
not given explictedly.  They are:
for the gospels:  K, N, P, Q, Gamma, Delta, 28, 33, 565, 700,
892, 1010, 1241, 1424
for Acts:  L, 33, 81, 323, 614, 945, 1175, 1241, 1739, 2495
for Paul's letters:  K, L, P, 33, 81, 104, 365, 630, 1175, 1241,
1506, 1739, 1881, 2464, 2495
for the other letters:  K, L, 33, 81, 323, 614, 630, 1241, 1739,
2495
for Revelation:  p18, p24, p43, p47, p85, S, A, C, P, 046, 051,
052, 0163, 0169, 0207, 0229, 1006, 1611, 1841, 1854, 2030, 2050,
2053, 2062, 2329, 2344 (where it exists), 2351, 2377 (where it
exists)
The abbreviation "Maj" is taken from the 26th edition of the
Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece.  In the few places where
it is not given there is it supplied from The Greek New Testament
According to the Majority Text.  In Revelation "Maj" is
subdivided into four groups, "Maj(K)," "Maj(A)," "Maj(B)," and
"Maj(C)."  They correspond to the groupings in the above book in
the following way:  Maj(K) is Ma, Maj(A) is Mde, Maj(B) is Mb,
and Maj(C) is Mc.
4.  The lectionaries (daily scripture readings) do not exist for
the book of Revelation and for certain parts of Acts and the
letters.


                       

OTHER ABBREVIATIONS

vid apparently (text hard to read) supp text supplied by a later copyist for a missing part * original reading c correction by a later copyist (sometimes a, b, c or 1, 2, 3 where there was more than one corrector)

FOR TRANSLATIONS

KJV King James Version text ASV American Standard Version text ASVn American Standard Version footnotes RSV Revised Standard Version text RSVn Revised Standard Version footnotes RSV1 Revised Standard Version text (first edition) RSV1n Revised Standard Version footnotes (first edition) RSV2 Revised Stardard Version text (second edition) RSV2n Revised Stardard Version footnotes (second edition) NASV New American Standard Version text NASVn New American Standard Version marginal notes NIV New International Version text NIVn New International Version footnotes NEB New English Bible text NEBn New English Bible footnotes TEV Today's English Version text TEVn Today's English Version footnotes The translation marked with a dagger only apparently supports the reading under which it is found. The Greek text from which it was translated follows the other reading.

FOR RANK

A the text is virtually certain B there is some degree of doubt about the text C there is considerable degree of doubt about the text D there is a very high degree of doubt about the text - no ranking given

FOR COMMENTS

UBS United Bible Societies


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